Motives for the September 11 attacks

Motivations of the September 11 attacksmotives
The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda.wikipedia
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September 11 attacks

9/11September 11, 2001 attacksSeptember 11, 2001
The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda.
Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U.S. support of Israel, the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as motives.

Terrorism

terroristterroriststerrorist attack
The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda.
Stated motives for the September 11 attacks included inspiring more fighters to join the cause of repelling the United States from Muslim countries with a successful high-profile attack.

Fatawā of Osama bin Laden

Fatāwā of Osama bin Ladenin 1996 and then again in 19981998 ''fatwa
Motives for the attacks were stated before and after the attacks in several sources, Osama bin Laden's declaration of a holy war against the United States, and a fatwā signed by bin Laden and others for the killing of Americans in 1998, are seen by investigators as evidence of his motivation. Before the attacks, Al-Qaeda issued proclamations that provide insight into the motivations for the attacks: one was the fatwā of August 1996, and a second was a shorter fatwa in February 1998.
*Motivations of the September 11 attacks

Osama bin Laden

Bin LadenUsama bin LadenOsama
Identified motivations of the September 11 attacks include the support of Israel by the United States, presence of the U.S. military in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. enforcement of sanctions against Iraq.

Hijackers in the September 11 attacks

hijackers9/11 hijackers19 hijackers
The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda.

Al-Qaeda

Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
The September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda. Before the attacks, Al-Qaeda issued proclamations that provide insight into the motivations for the attacks: one was the fatwā of August 1996, and a second was a shorter fatwa in February 1998.

Religious war

holy warWars of Religionreligious wars
Motives for the attacks were stated before and after the attacks in several sources, Osama bin Laden's declaration of a holy war against the United States, and a fatwā signed by bin Laden and others for the killing of Americans in 1998, are seen by investigators as evidence of his motivation.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM

Kashmir

Pakistan administered KashmirKashmir regionPakistan-administered Kashmir

Operation Southern Watch

Southern WatchOperation JuralOperation Bolton
One of the responsibilities of that force was Operation Southern Watch, which enforced the no-fly zones over southern Iraq set up after 1991, and the country's oil exports through the shipping lanes of the Persian Gulf are protected by the US Fifth Fleet, based in Bahrain.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
Catchphrases – that terrorists were motivated by a hatred of freedom or by a fanaticism inherent to Islam – were prevalent.

Radicalization

radicalradicalizedradicalisation
By 2004 however, the taboo was broken and it was only through the notion of "radicalization" that a discussion on the causes became possible again.

Fatwa

fatwāfatwasfatawa
Before the attacks, Al-Qaeda issued proclamations that provide insight into the motivations for the attacks: one was the fatwā of August 1996, and a second was a shorter fatwa in February 1998.

Al-Quds Al-Arabi

Al Quds Al ArabiAl Quds al-Arabi
Both documents appeared initially in the Arabic-language London newspaper Al-Quds Al-Arabi.

Ayman al-Zawahiri

Ayman al ZawahiriAyman al-ZawahriAyman Zawahiri
After the attacks, bin Laden and al-Zawahiri have published dozens of video tapes and audio tapes, many describing the motivations for the attacks.

2004 Osama bin Laden video

taped statement2004 videoa 2004 video tape by bin Laden
Two particularly important publications were bin Laden's 2002 "Letter to America", and a 2004 video tape by bin Laden.

Greater Israel

boundary of the land of Israelexpansion of Israelirredentism
The expansion of Israel is one of the greatest crimes, and you are the leaders of its criminals.

Presidency of George W. Bush

Bush administrationGeorge W. Bush administrationadministration
The expansion of Israel is one of the greatest crimes, and you are the leaders of its criminals.

Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration of 1917Balfour Declaration, 19171917 Balfour Declaration
The creation of Israel is a crime which must be erased.

Israeli Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independenceestablishment of the State of IsraelIsrael's declaration of independence
The creation of Israel is a crime which must be erased.