Motorcycle

motorcyclesmotorbikebikermotorbikesmotorcyclingbikemotorcyclistsbikesmotorcyclistbikers
A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle.wikipedia
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Long-distance motorcycle riding

long-distance motorcyclistlong-distance ridinglong-distance
Motorcycle design varies greatly to suit a range of different purposes: long distance travel, commuting, cruising, sport including racing, and off-road riding.
Long-distance riding is the activity of riding motorcycles over long distances, both competitively and as a pastime.

Motorcycling

motorcyclistbikermotorcyclists
Motorcycling is riding a motorcycle and related social activity such as joining a motorcycle club and attending motorcycle rallies.
Motorcycling is riding a motorcycle.

Motorcycle racing

motorcycle racerracing motorcyclemotorcycle
Motorcycle design varies greatly to suit a range of different purposes: long distance travel, commuting, cruising, sport including racing, and off-road riding.
Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and motorbike racing) is the motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles.

Motorcycle club

motorcycle clubsbiker culturebiker
Motorcycling is riding a motorcycle and related social activity such as joining a motorcycle club and attending motorcycle rallies.
A motorcycle club is a group of individuals whose primary interest and activities involve motorcycles.

Hildebrand & Wolfmüller

Hildebrand & Wolfmuller
In 1894, Hildebrand & Wolfmüller became the first series production motorcycle, and the first to be called a motorcycle.
The Hildebrand & Wolfmüller was the world's first production motorcycle.

Hero MotoCorp

Hero HondaHeroHero Group
In 2014, the three top motorcycle producers globally by volume were Honda (28%), Yamaha (17%)(both from Japan), and Hero MotoCorp (India).
Hero Motocorp Ltd., formerly Hero Honda, is an Indian motorcycle and scooter manufacturer based in New Delhi, India.

Sport bike

SuperbikesportbikeSupersport
Street bikes include cruisers, sportbikes, scooters and mopeds, and many other types.
A sportbike, or sports bike, is a motorcycle optimized for speed, acceleration, braking, and cornering on paved roads, typically at the expense of comfort and fuel economy by comparison with other motorcycles.

Scooter (motorcycle)

scooterscootersmotor scooter
Street bikes include cruisers, sportbikes, scooters and mopeds, and many other types.
A scooter or motor scooter is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and a platform for the rider's feet.

Moped

mopedsMofamoped scooters
Street bikes include cruisers, sportbikes, scooters and mopeds, and many other types.
A moped is a type of small motorcycle with bicycle pedals, generally having a less stringent licensing requirement than full motorcycles or automobiles.

Cruiser (motorcycle)

cruisercruiserscruiser motorcycle
Street bikes include cruisers, sportbikes, scooters and mopeds, and many other types.
A cruiser is a motorcycle in the style of American machines from the 1930s to the early 1960s, including those made by Harley-Davidson, Indian, Excelsior and Henderson.

Motor vehicle

Motor vehiclesmotorizedmotorized vehicle
A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle.
For legal purposes, motor vehicles are often identified within a number of vehicle classes including cars, buses, motorcycles, off-road vehicles, light trucks and regular trucks.

Dual-sport motorcycle

dual-sportDual Sportdual-purpose
Dual purpose machines like the dual-sport style are made to go off-road but include features to make them legal and comfortable on the street as well.
A dual-sport motorcycle is a type of street-legal motorcycle that is designed for both on and off-road use.

Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics

balancingbrakingtank slapper
This vehicle was unlike either the safety bicycles or the boneshaker bicycles of the era in that it had zero degrees of steering axis angle and no fork offset, and thus did not use the principles of bicycle and motorcycle dynamics developed nearly 70 years earlier.
Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics is the science of the motion of bicycles and motorcycles and their components, due to the forces acting on them.

Daimler Reitwagen

Daimler ''ReitwagenReitwagenPetroleum Reitwagen
The first internal combustion, petroleum fueled motorcycle was the Daimler Reitwagen.
It is widely recognized as the first motorcycle.

Yamaha Corporation

YamahaYamaha Music CommunicationsYamaha Music
In 2014, the three top motorcycle producers globally by volume were Honda (28%), Yamaha (17%)(both from Japan), and Hero MotoCorp (India).
After World War II, company president Genichi Kawakami repurposed the remains of the company's war-time production machinery and the company's expertise in metallurgical technologies to the manufacture of motorcycles.

Gottlieb Daimler

DaimlerfounderDaimler Motor Carriage
It was designed and built by the German inventors Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Bad Cannstatt, Germany in 1885.
In 1885 they designed a vertical cylinder version of this engine which they subsequently fitted to a two-wheeler, the first internal combustion motorcycle which was named the Petroleum Reitwagen (Riding Car) and, in the next year, to a coach, and a boat.

Pillion

Pillion passengerbackiespassenger pillion
In some countries the use of pillions (rear seats) is restricted.
A pillion is a secondary pad, cushion, or seat behind the main seat or saddle on a horse, motorcycle, bicycle or moped.

Internal combustion engine

engineinternal combustioninternal combustion engines
The first internal combustion, petroleum fueled motorcycle was the Daimler Reitwagen.
Reciprocating piston engines are by far the most common power source for land and water vehicles, including automobiles, motorcycles, ships and to a lesser extent, locomotives (some are electrical but most use Diesel engines ).

Electric motorcycles and scooters

electric motorcycleelectric scooterelectric scooters
Many authorities have excluded steam powered, electric motorcycles or diesel-powered two-wheelers from the definition of a 'motorcycle', and credit the Daimler Reitwagen as the world's first motorcycle.
Electric scooters (as distinct from motorcycles) have a step-through frame.

Triumph Engineering

TriumphTriumph MotorcyclesTriumph Engineering Co Ltd
In 1898, Triumph Motorcycles in England began producing motorbikes, and by 1903 it was producing over 500 bikes.
Triumph Engineering Co Ltd was a British motorcycle manufacturing company, based originally in Coventry and then in Meriden.

Norton Motorcycle Company

NortonNorton MotorcyclesNortons
Other British firms were Royal Enfield, Norton and Birmingham Small Arms Company who began motorbike production in 1899, 1902 and 1910, respectively.
The Norton Motorcycle Company (formerly Norton Motors, Ltd.) is an English motorcycle marque, originally from Birmingham, England, UK.

Coventry

Coventry, EnglandCity of CoventryCoventry, West Midlands
Excelsior Motor Company, originally a bicycle manufacturing company based in Coventry, England, began production of their first motorcycle model in 1896.
As the industry declined, due mainly to competition from Swiss Made clock and watch manufacturers, the skilled pool of workers proved crucial to the setting up of bicycle manufacture and eventually the motorbike, car, machine tool and aircraft industries.

Motorcycle sport

motorcycle racermotorcycle racingracer
Motorcycle design varies greatly to suit a range of different purposes: long distance travel, commuting, cruising, sport including racing, and off-road riding.
Motorcycle racing (also known as moto racing and motorbike racing) is a motorcycle sport involving racing motorcycles.

Excelsior Motor Company

ExcelsiorBayliss-ThomasExcelsior (Coventry)
Excelsior Motor Company, originally a bicycle manufacturing company based in Coventry, England, began production of their first motorcycle model in 1896.
They were Britain’s first motorcycle manufacturer, starting production of their own ‘motor-bicycle’ in 1896.

Michaux-Perreaux steam velocipede

MichauxMichaux-Perreauxmotorcycle
If a two-wheeled vehicle with steam propulsion is considered a motorcycle, then the first motorcycles built seem to be the French Michaux-Perreaux steam velocipede which patent application was filled in December 1868, constructed around the same time as the American Roper steam velocipede, built by Sylvester H. Roper Roxbury, Massachusetts.
It is one of three motorcycles claimed to be the first motorcycle, along with the Roper steam velocipede of 1867 or 1868, and the internal combustion engine Daimler Reitwagen of 1885.