Mount Everest

EverestMt. EverestMt EverestDevgiriSagarmartha (Mount Everest)Yellow BandChomolungmaSagarmathaSoutheast RidgeMount Everest Expeditions
Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Tibetan: Chomolungma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Chinese: Zhumulangma 珠穆朗玛) is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.wikipedia
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Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Tibetan: Chomolungma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Chinese: Zhumulangma 珠穆朗玛) is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
The range has many of Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest (Nepal/China).

Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.
Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.

List of people who died climbing Mount Everest

Fatalities10 climbers have died on Mount EverestAlexey Bolotov
, over 300 people have died on Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain.
Mount Everest, at 8848 m, is the world's highest mountain and a particularly desirable peak for mountaineers, but climbing it can be hazardous.

1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition

19211921 British Reconnaissance Expedition1921 reconnaissance
After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8000 m. Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top.
The 1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition set off to explore how it might be possible to get to the vicinity of Mount Everest, to reconnoitre possible routes for ascending the mountain, and – if possible – make the first ascent of the highest mountain in the world.

George Mallory

MalloryGeorge Leigh MalloryGeorge H. Leigh Mallory
After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8000 m. Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top.
George Herbert Leigh Mallory (18 June 1886 – 8 or 9 June 1924) was an English mountaineer who took part in the first three British expeditions to Mount Everest, in the early 1920s.

1924 British Mount Everest expedition

19241924 expedition1924 Everest expedition
After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8000 m. Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top.
The 1924 British Mount Everest expedition was—after the 1922 British Mount Everest expedition—the second expedition with the goal of achieving the first ascent of Mount Everest.

1953 British Mount Everest expedition

1953 British Expedition19531953 British Everest Expedition
Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953, using the southeast ridge route.
The 1953 British Mount Everest expedition was the ninth mountaineering expedition to attempt the first ascent of Mount Everest, and the first confirmed to have succeeded when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit on Friday, 29 May 1953.

1922 British Mount Everest expedition

19221922 Everest expedition1922 expedition
After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8000 m. Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top.
The 1922 British Mount Everest expedition was the first mountaineering expedition with the express aim of making the first ascent of Mount Everest.

Tenzing Norgay

TenzingSherpa TenzingMr. Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953, using the southeast ridge route.
He was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Edmund Hillary on 29 May 1953.

1960 Chinese Mount Everest expedition

1960 Chineseascent of the peak from the north ridgeChinese Expedition Northern Slope
The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960.
The 1960 Chinese Mount Everest expedition was the first to successfully ascend Mount Everest via the North Ridge.

Andrew Irvine (mountaineer)

Andrew IrvineSandy IrvineIrvine
After the first reconnaissance expedition by the British in 1921 reached 7000 m on the North Col, the 1922 expedition pushed the north ridge route up to 8320 m, marking the first time a human had climbed above 8000 m. Seven porters were killed in an avalanche on the descent from the North Col. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top.
Andrew Comyn "Sandy" Irvine (8 April 1902 – 8 or 9 June 1924) was an English mountaineer who took part in the 1924 British Everest Expedition, the third British expedition to the world's highest (8,848 m) mountain, Mount Everest.

Province No. 1

Koshi Pradeshprovinces 1
The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.
The highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest (8848 m); and the third highest mountain, Kangchenjunga (8598 m) also lie in this Province.

Kangchenjunga

KanchenjungaKanchanjungaKanchenjanga
In 1849, the British survey wanted to preserve local names if possible (e.g., Kangchenjunga and Dhaulagiri), Waugh argued that he could not find any commonly used local name.
Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations based on various readings and measurements made by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1849 came to the conclusion that Mount Everest, known as Peak XV at the time, was the highest.

Tibet Autonomous Region

TibetXizangXizang Province
The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.
In northern Tibet elevations reach an average of over 4572 m. Mount Everest is located on Tibet's border with Nepal.

George Everest

Sir George EverestEverestCol Everest
In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society, as recommended by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India, who chose the name of his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, despite Everest's objections.
He is best known for having Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, named in his honour.

Lhotse

Lhotse FaceLhotse SharLotse ridge
In 1955, a detailed photogrammetric map (at a scale of 1:50,000) of the Khumbu region, including the south side of Mount Everest, was made by Erwin Schneider as part of the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which also attempted Lhotse.
Lhotse (ल्होत्से ;, lho rtse) is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8516 m, after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga.

Radhanath Sikdar

Sikdar, Radhanath
In 1852, stationed at the survey headquarters in Dehradun, Radhanath Sikdar, an Indian mathematician and surveyor from Bengal, was the first to identify Everest as the world's highest peak, using trigonometric calculations based on Nicolson's measurements.
Radhanath Sikdar (Bengali: রাধানাথ শিকদার; October 1813 – 17 May 1870) was an Indian Bengali mathematician who is best known for calculating the height of Mount Everest.

Khumbu

Khumbu ValleyEverest regionKhumbu Region
In 1955, a detailed photogrammetric map (at a scale of 1:50,000) of the Khumbu region, including the south side of Mount Everest, was made by Erwin Schneider as part of the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which also attempted Lhotse.
Khumbu (also known as the Everest Region) is a region of northeastern Nepal on the Nepalese side of Mount Everest.

Denali

Mount McKinleyMt. McKinleyMount Denali
By the same measure of base to summit, Denali, in Alaska, also known as Mount McKinley, is taller than Everest as well.
With a topographic prominence of 20156 ft and a topographic isolation of 4629 mi, Denali is the third most prominent and third most isolated peak on Earth, after Mount Everest and Aconcagua.

Earth

Earth's surfaceterrestrialworld
Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Tibetan: Chomolungma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Chinese: Zhumulangma 珠穆朗玛) is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
Local topography deviates from this idealized spheroid, although on a global scale these deviations are small compared to Earth's radius: the maximum deviation of only 0.17% is at the Mariana Trench (10911 m below local sea level), whereas Mount Everest (8848 m above local sea level) represents a deviation of 0.14%.

Wang Fuzhou

The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960.
He and Qu Yinhua were the first Chinese to climb Mount Everest on the col/Northeast ridge route.

Andrew Scott Waugh

Sir Andrew Scott WaughAndrew WaughCol. Andrew Scott Waugh
In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society, as recommended by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India, who chose the name of his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, despite Everest's objections.
Waugh is credited with naming the peak of Mount Everest.

Mahalangur Himal

MahalangurMahalungur
Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Tibetan: Chomolungma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Chinese: Zhumulangma 珠穆朗玛) is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
It includes Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu — four of Earth's six highest peaks.

Tibetan Plateau

Qinghai-Tibet PlateauQinghai-Tibetan PlateauQinghai–Tibet Plateau
Despite its height above sea level of only 6190 m, Denali sits atop a sloping plain with elevations from 300 to 900 m, yielding a height above base in the range of 5300 to 5900 m; a commonly quoted figure is 5600 m. By comparison, reasonable base elevations for Everest range from 4200 m on the south side to 5200 m on the Tibetan Plateau, yielding a height above base in the range of 3650 to 4650 m.
With an average elevation exceeding 4500 m and being surrounded by imposing mountain ranges that harbor the world's two highest summits, Mount Everest and K2, the Tibetan Plateau is often referred to as "the Roof of the World".

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The international border between Nepal (Province No. 1) and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.
The world's highest point, Mount Everest (8,848 m), lies on the Sino-Nepalese border.