Mount Vernon

Mt. VernonMount Vernon PlantationMount Vernon EstateMount Vernon Estate and GardensGeorge Washington's Mount VernonVirginia homeGeorge Washington's estate in Mount Vernon, VirginiaGeorge Washington's homeGeorge Washington's home on Mount VernonHistoric Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon was the plantation of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Washington.wikipedia
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George Washington

WashingtonGeneral WashingtonGeneral George Washington
Mount Vernon was the plantation of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Washington. When George Washington's ancestors acquired the estate, it was known as Little Hunting Creek Plantation, after the nearby Little Hunting Creek.
When Augustine died in 1743, Washington inherited Ferry Farm and ten slaves; his older half-brother Lawrence inherited Little Hunting Creek and renamed it Mount Vernon.

Plantation complexes in the Southern United States

plantation housemansionmain house
Mount Vernon was the plantation of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Washington.
Several plantation homes of important persons, including Mount Vernon, Monticello, and The Hermitage have also been preserved.

Alexandria, Virginia

AlexandriaAlexandria, VAAlexandria City
The estate is situated on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, Virginia, near Alexandria, across from Prince George's County, Maryland.
In March 1785, commissioners from Virginia and Maryland met in Alexandria to discuss the commercial relations of the two states, finishing their business at Mount Vernon.

Mount Vernon Ladies' Association

The Mount Vernon Ladies' AssociationMount Vernon Ladies AssociationMount Vernon Ladies’ Association
In 1858, the house's historical importance was recognized and it was saved from ruin by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association; this philanthropic organization acquired it together with part of the Washington property estate.
The Mount Vernon Ladies' Association is a non-profit organization that preserves and maintains the Mount Vernon estate originally owned by George Washington and family.

Martha Washington

MarthaMartha Dandridge CustisMartha Custis Washington
Mount Vernon was the plantation of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Washington.
The couple honeymooned at the Custis' family's White House plantation for several weeks before setting up house at Washington's Mount Vernon estate.

Lawrence Washington (1718–1752)

Lawrence WashingtonLawrenceLawrence Washington (1718-1752)
However, when Washington's older half-brother, Lawrence Washington, inherited it, he changed its name to Mount Vernon in honor of Vice Admiral Edward Vernon, famed for the War of Jenkins' Ear and capture of the Portobelo, Colón.
He was the first of the family to live in the Mount Vernon estate, which he named after his commanding officer in the War of Jenkins' Ear, Admiral Edward Vernon.

Edward Vernon

Admiral VernonVernonAdmiral Edward Vernon
However, when Washington's older half-brother, Lawrence Washington, inherited it, he changed its name to Mount Vernon in honor of Vice Admiral Edward Vernon, famed for the War of Jenkins' Ear and capture of the Portobelo, Colón.
He is also the namesake of George Washington's estate Mount Vernon, and thereby the many places in the United States named after it.

Little Hunting Creek

When George Washington's ancestors acquired the estate, it was known as Little Hunting Creek Plantation, after the nearby Little Hunting Creek.
The Washington family built its Mount Vernon plantation on the Potomac River along both banks of Little Hunting Creek during colonial times.

Augustine Washington

Augustine
The mansion was built of wood in a loose Palladian style; the original house was built by George Washington's father Augustine, around 1734.
Lawrence inherited the Little Hunting Creek property and renamed his property Mount Vernon, in honor of Admiral Edward Vernon, with whom he had served in the Royal Navy in 1741 during the Battle of Cartagena de Indias during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

Nicholas Spencer

Col. Nicholas SpencerCol. Nicholas Spencer Jr.Spencer
In 1674, John Washington (the great-grandfather of President Washington) and his friend Nicholas Spencer came into possession of the land from which Mount Vernon plantation would be carved, originally known by its Indian name of Epsewasson.
Spencer's role as agent for the Culpepers helped him and his friend Lt. Col. John Washington, ancestor of George Washington, secure the patent for their joint land grant of the Mount Vernon estate.

Fairfax County, Virginia

Fairfax CountyFairfaxFairfax County, VA
The estate is situated on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, Virginia, near Alexandria, across from Prince George's County, Maryland. Though no architect is known to have designed Mount Vernon, some attribute the design to John Ariss (1725–1799), a prominent Virginia architect who designed Paynes Church in Fairfax County (now destroyed) and likely Mount Airy in Richmond County.
George Washington settled in Fairfax County and built his home, Mount Vernon, facing the river.

Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington

The Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washingtonpresidential library
The Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington opened in September 2013.
Located at Washington's home in Mount Vernon, Virginia, the library was built by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association and is privately funded.

River Farm

Washington had been expanding the estate by the purchase of surrounding parcels of land since the late 1750s, and was still adding to the estate well into the 1780s, including the River Farm estate.
The estate takes its name from a larger plot of land which formed an outlying part of George Washington's Mount Vernon estate.

Bushrod Washington

Justice WashingtonWashingtonGeorge Washington
Blackburn's granddaughter Anne married Bushrod Washington, George's nephew, and is interred at the Washingtons' tomb on the grounds.
The nephew of American founding father and President George Washington, he inherited his uncle's papers and Mount Vernon, taking possession in 1802 after the death of Martha Washington, his uncle's widow.

Plantations in the American South

plantationplantationsplanter
In 1674, John Washington (the great-grandfather of President Washington) and his friend Nicholas Spencer came into possession of the land from which Mount Vernon plantation would be carved, originally known by its Indian name of Epsewasson.
"Many plantations, including George Washington's Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson's Monticello, are working to present a more accurate image of what life was like for slaves and slave owners."

Lawrence Washington (1659–1698)

Lawrence WashingtonLawrence
When John Washington died in 1677, his son Lawrence, George Washington's grandfather, inherited his father's stake in the property.
Upon the death of his father, Washington inherited two substantial estates on the Potomac River: Mattox Creek (1,850 acres) and Little Hunting Creek (2,500 acres) (which would eventually be renamed Mount Vernon by Lawrence's grandson and namesake, Lawrence Washington).

Washington's Tomb (United States Capitol)

Washington's Tomba crypt in the Capitolburial chamber
A joint Congressional committee in early 1832 debated the removal of Washington's body from Mount Vernon to a crypt in the Capitol, built by Charles Bulfinch in the 1820s.
Martha Washington agreed to the plan despite the presence in her husband's will of a provision that he be buried at Mount Vernon.

Attempted theft of George Washington's skull

Attempted theft of George Washington's headattempted to steal
The need for a new tomb was confirmed when an unsuccessful attempt was made to steal his skull (See: Attempted theft of George Washington's head).
In 1830, an attempt was made to steal the skull from the remains of George Washington, which resided in a tomb at Mount Vernon.

John Ariss

Though no architect is known to have designed Mount Vernon, some attribute the design to John Ariss (1725–1799), a prominent Virginia architect who designed Paynes Church in Fairfax County (now destroyed) and likely Mount Airy in Richmond County.
Some also believe that Ariss had a role in designing the Washington home at Mount Vernon.

Samuel Vaughan

Samuel Frier Vaughan
When it was donated to Washington by the English merchant Samuel Vaughan, Washington was initially reluctant to accept the gift, stating that it was: "too elegant & costly I fear for my own room, & republican stile of living."
In 1787 also, Vaughan visited Mount Vernon, and drew a plan of the garden.

Harrison Howell Dodge

Harrison Howell Dodge became the third resident superintendent in 1885.
Harrison Howell Dodge (March 31, 1852 – May 20, 1937) was the third resident superintendent of George Washington's estate at Mount Vernon.

George Washington's Gristmill

George Washington's Distilleryflour millingGeorge Washington Distillery
On 30 March 2007, the estate officially opened a reconstruction of George Washington's distillery.
George Washington's Gristmill was part of the original Mount Vernon plantation, constructed during the lifetime of the United States' first president.

Colonial Revival garden

Colonial RevivalColonial Revival styleformal colonial gardens
These Colonial Revival gardens grew the household's vegetables, fruit and other perishable items for consumption.

Charles Wall

Charles Wall was assistant superintendent from 1929 to 1937, then resident superintendent for 39 years.
Charles Cecil Wall (June 21, 1903 – May 1, 1995) was an American self-taught historian and preservationist, who spent nearly 40 years as resident director of George Washington's estate at Mount Vernon on the banks of the Potomac River, where he endeavored to keep the home and its surroundings in much the same state that it existed when the First President resided there.

American Whiskey Trail

Frank Coleman, spokesman for the Distilled Spirits Council that funded the reconstruction, said the distillery "will become the equivalent of a national distillery museum" and serve as a gateway to the American Whiskey Trail.