Mountain range

rangemountain rangeshill rangerangesrange of mountainssubrangemountain beltmountain systemrange of hillssierra
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.wikipedia
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Mountain

mountainsmountainouspeak
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

Orogeny

Upliftorogenicorogen
A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny.
An orogen or orogenic belt develops when a continental plate crumples and is pushed upwards to form one or more mountain ranges; this involves a series of geological processes collectively called orogenesis.

Mountain pass

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Mountain ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys.
A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge.

Valley

river valleyhanging valleyvalleys
Mountain ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys.
Rivers with steep gradients, as in mountain ranges, produce steep walls and a bottom.

Andes

AndeanAndes MountainsAndean region
The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America.

Alpide belt

Alps-Himalaya SystemAlpideAlp-Himalayan
Most geologically young mountain ranges on the Earth's land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring of Fire or the Alpide Belt.
The Alpide belt or Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt is a seismic belt and orogenic belt that includes an array of mountain ranges extending for more than 15,000 km along the southern margin of Eurasia, stretching from Java and Sumatra, through the Indochinese Peninsula, the Himalayas and Transhimalayas, the mountains of Iran, Caucasus, Anatolia, the Mediterranean, and out into the Atlantic.

North American Cordillera

Canadian CordilleraWestern CordilleraLaramide Belt
The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand.
The North American Cordillera covers an extensive area of mountain ranges, intermontane basins, and plateaus in western North America, including much of the territory west of the Great Plains.

Aleutian Range

Aleutian
The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand.
The Aleutian Range is a major mountain range located in southwest Alaska.

Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Caucasus Mountains

CaucasusGreater Caucasus Mountain RangeCaucasian Mountains
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system at the intersection of Europe and Asia.

Balkan Mountains

Stara PlaninaFore-BalkanBalkan
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian and Стара планина, Stara planina, "Old Mountain";, ) is a mountain range in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.

Alps

AlpineItalian Alpsthe Alps
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Alps (Alpes ; Alpen ; Alpi ; Alps; Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, and stretching approximately 1200 km across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.

Sistema Central

Central Systemcentral rangesCentral System mountains range
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Central System, Spanish and Sistema Central, is one of the main systems of mountain ranges in the Iberian Peninsula.

Atlas Mountains

AtlasAtlas Mountain SystemAtlas mountain range
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.
The Atlas Mountains (جِـبَـال الْأَطْـلَـس; durar n waṭlas) are a mountain range in the Maghreb.

Arctic Cordillera

Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.
The Arctic Cordillera is a vast, deeply dissected chain of mountain ranges extending along the northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula in northern Labrador and northern Quebec, Canada.

Ural Mountains

UralsUralthe Urals
Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.
The Ural Mountains (Урал тауҙары, Ural tauźarı), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.

Appalachian Mountains

AppalachiansAppalachianAppalachian Mountain
Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains.
The Appalachian Mountains, often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.

Scandinavian Mountains

Scandinavian mountain rangeKölenScandes Mountains
Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.
The Scandinavian Mountains or the Scandes is a mountain range that runs through the Scandinavian Peninsula.

Altai Mountains

AltaiAltay MountainsAltay
Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.
The Altai Mountains, also spelled Altay Mountains, are a mountain range in Central and East Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan come together, and where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their headwaters.

Hijaz Mountains

mountainsAl-Hejazbarren, rocky mountains
Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains.
The Hijaz Mountains, جِـبَـال ٱلْـحِـجَـاز, or the "Hejaz Range", is a mountain range located in the Hejazi region of western Saudi Arabia.

Mid-ocean ridge

spreading centermid-oceanic ridgespreading ridge
If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains, then the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65000 km.
A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is a seafloor mountain system formed by plate tectonics.

White Mountains (New Hampshire)

White MountainsWhite MountainWhite Mountains of New Hampshire
For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains.
The White Mountains are a mountain range covering about a quarter of the state of New Hampshire and a small portion of western Maine in the United States.

Presidential Range

PresidentialPresidentials
The parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range.
The Presidential Range is a mountain range located in the White Mountains of the U.S. state of New Hampshire.

Rocky Mountains

RockiesRocky MountainRocky Mountain Region
The early Cenozoic uplift of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado provides an example.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range located in western North America.

Blue Ridge Mountains

Blue RidgeBlue Ridge provinceBlue Ridge Escarpment
For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains.
Although the term "Blue Ridge" is sometimes applied exclusively to the eastern edge or front range of the Appalachian Mountains, the geological definition of the Blue Ridge province extends westward to the Ridge and Valley area, encompassing the Great Smoky Mountains, the Great Balsams, the Roans, the Blacks, the Brushy Mountains (a "spur" of the Blue Ridge) and other mountain ranges.