Modern cinema auditorium in Madrid, Spain
35 mm movie projector in operation
Rodgers Theatre in Poplar Bluff in Missouri. This Art Deco-style theater opened in 1949.
Simulation of a spinning zoopraxiscope
The view from the projectionist's booth at Ultimate Palace Cinema in Oxford. The projector is displaying the 1997 Universal Pictures logo.
An early projector and seats from a movie theater
A cinema auditorium in Australia
1910's 35mm hand-cranked tinplate toy movie projector manufactured by Leonhard Müller in Nuremberg, Germany.
The Fox Theater in Atlanta has an old-fashioned neon sign.
35 mm Kinoton FP30ST movie projector, with parts labeled. (Click thumbnail for larger text.)
Kay Theater in Rockdale, Texas
Mechanical sequence when image is shown twice and then advanced. 
Outer sprockets rotate continuously while the frame advance sprockets are controlled by the mechanism shown – a Geneva drive.
The Berlin Wintergarten theatre was the site of the Skladanowsky brothers's first film presentation from 1 to 31 November 1895
Imaging lens Diastar of an Askania 35 mm movie projector (focal length: 400 mm)
L'Idéal Cinéma at Aniche, France, opened 23 November 1905, closed 1977, demolished in 1995
Christie AW3 platter, BIG SKY Industries console, and Century SA projector
A small still-active Kino Juha movie theatre in Nurmijärvi, Finland, opened in 1958
nonrewind in Royal – Malmö, Sweden
Regent Theatre in Hokitika, New Zealand
A diagram of the VistaVision format
Cinema Odeon auditorium in Florence
A photo of a 35 mm film print featuring all four audio formats (or "quad track")- from left to right: SDDS (blue area to the left of the sprocket holes), Dolby Digital (grey area between the sprocket holes labelled with the Dolby "Double-D" logo in the middle), analog optical sound (the two white lines to the right of the sprocket holes), and the Datasat time code (the dashed line to the far right.)
Interior of Hoyts cinemas auditorium in Perth, Australia, with stadium seating with cup holders, acoustic wall hangings and wall-mounted speakers.
Simulated wide screen image with 1.96 to 1 ratio as it would be seen in a camera viewfinder or on a theater screen
Interior of a 1950s-style fine arts movie theater auditorium. A low pitch viewing floor is used.
Simulated anamorphed image with 1.33 to 1 ratio (4:3) as it would appear on a frame of film
Tennispalatsi, one of the major Finnkino multiplex movie theatre places, in Helsinki, Finland
A typical raked (sloped) floor for a movie auditorium, which gives all viewers a clear view of the screen.
Example of a Multiplex layout
A drive-in with a 33-metre (108-foot) wide inflatable movie screen in the centre of Brussels
A giant inflatable movie screen used at a temporary outdoor movie theater (open air cinema)
1967 Bedford mobile cinema
A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles)
Non-movie-theater screening: movie in a culture club in Germany
35 mm movie projector
Broadcast center
Admission prices board, Cinema Museum (London)
Seating indicator
Box office of a 1950s style fine arts movie theater.
A theatre-goer enjoys a show
Some movie theaters in Finland sell alcohol to take along to the movie itself in select showings. Such showings are always adults-only, regardless of the rating of the movie.
These ratings are from the revised Taiwan motion picture rating system which took effect in October 2015.
Admission ticket for the premier of the movie A Viszkis
A bag of popcorn from the Plaza Theater in Atlanta, Georgia.
Hallway of MPX Grande, a defunct movie theater in Pasaraya Blok M, Jakarta.

The film is projected with a movie projector onto a large projection screen at the front of the auditorium while the dialogue, sounds, and music are played through a number of wall-mounted speakers.

- Movie theater

It is the complete automation of projection that has enabled the modern "multiplex" cinema – a single site typically containing from 8 to 24 theaters with only a few projection and sound technicians, rather than a platoon of projectionists.

- Movie projector
Modern cinema auditorium in Madrid, Spain

5 related topics

Alpha

Animated GIF of Prof. Stampfer's Stroboscopische Scheibe No. X (Trentsensky & Vieweg 1833)

Film

Work of visual art that simulates experiences and otherwise communicates ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images.

Work of visual art that simulates experiences and otherwise communicates ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images.

Animated GIF of Prof. Stampfer's Stroboscopische Scheibe No. X (Trentsensky & Vieweg 1833)
An animated GIF of a photographic sequence shot by Eadweard Muybridge in 1878. His chronophotographic works can be regarded as very short movies that were recorded before there was a proper way to replay the material in motion.
A frame from Roundhay Garden Scene, the world's earliest surviving film produced using a motion picture camera, by Louis Le Prince, 1888
A famous shot from Georges Méliès Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) (1902), an early narrative film and also an early science fiction film.
Salah Zulfikar, one of the most popular actors in the golden age of Egyptian Cinema
This 16 mm spring-wound Bolex "H16" Reflex camera is a popular entry level camera used in film schools.
Founded in 1912, the Babelsberg Studio near Berlin was the first large-scale film studio in the world, and the forerunner to Hollywood. It still produces global blockbusters every year.
The Lumière Brothers, who were among the first filmmakers
Salah Zulfikar and Faten Hamama in the premiere of Bain Al-Atlal ("Among the Ruins") in Cairo, 1959
An animated image of a horse, made using eight pictures.
An animation of the retouched Sallie Garner card from The Horse in Motion series (1878–1879) by Muybridge. His chronophotographic works can be regarded as very short movies that were recorded before there was a proper way to replay the material in motion.

The images are transmitted through a movie projector at the same rate as they were recorded, with a Geneva drive ensuring that each frame remains still during its short projection time.

Dedicated theaters and companies formed specifically to produce and distribute films, while motion picture actors became major celebrities and commanded huge fees for their performances.

Stadium seating rows closer to digital cinema screens offer significantly more immersive experiences.

Digital cinema

This article focuses on digital projection and distribution in cinemas.

This article focuses on digital projection and distribution in cinemas.

Stadium seating rows closer to digital cinema screens offer significantly more immersive experiences.
Texas Instruments, DLP Cinema Prototype Projector, Mark V, 2000
AMC Theatres former corporate headquarters in Kansas City, prior to their 2013 move to Leawood, Kansas.
Broadcasting antenna in Stuttgart

Whereas film reels have to be shipped to movie theaters, a digital movie can be distributed to cinemas in a number of ways: over the Internet or dedicated satellite links, or by sending hard drives or optical discs such as Blu-ray discs.

Digital movies are projected using a digital video projector instead of a film projector, are shot using digital movie cameras and edited using a non-linear editing system (NLE).

35 mm movie film

Film gauge used in filmmaking, and the film standard.

Film gauge used in filmmaking, and the film standard.

Eastman (L) giving Edison the first roll of movie film, which was 35 mm
35 mm film diagram
A photo of a 35 mm film print featuring all four audio formats (or "quad track") — from left to right: SDDS, a soundtrack as an image of a digital signal (blue area to the left of the sprocket holes); Dolby Digital sound (grey area between the sprocket holes labelled with the Dolby "Double-D" logo in the middle); analog optical sound, optically recorded as waveforms containing the audio signals for the left and right audio channels (the two white lines to the right of the sprocket holes); and the DTS time code (the dashed line to the far right).
An "over-under" 3D frame. Both left and right eye images are contained within the normal height of a single 2D frame.
Comparison of common 35 mm film formats
A diagram of the VistaVision format, affectionately dubbed "Lazy 8" because it is eight perforations long and runs horizontally (lying down)
35 mm film perforation hole types.
Areas on an Academy-width 35 mm spherical film print:

The ubiquity of 35 mm movie projectors in commercial movie theaters made 35 mm the only motion picture format that could be played in almost any cinema in the world, until digital projection largely superseded it in the 21st century.

A comparison between 35 mm and 15/70 mm negative areas.

IMAX

A comparison between 35 mm and 15/70 mm negative areas.
IMAX projector with horizontal film reel
An IMAX cinema camera, displayed at the National Science and Media Museum, Bradford, England
The 15 kW Xenon short-arc lamp used in IMAX projectors
A typical entrance to an IMAX digital theater, such as the AMC Barton Creek Square 14 in Austin, Texas
Outside of the IMAX dome in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
Planetario Alfa, museum, astronomical observatory and IMAX Dome system, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
The frame layout of the IMAX Dome film
The control room of an IMAX Dome theatre at Cosmonova at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm, Sweden
Closeup of an IMAX Dome 70mm film reel at Cosmonova
Audiences view a film using 3D glasses.
Christopher Nolan has been a vocal supporter of the IMAX 70 mm film format, and has collaborated with the company since the mid-2000s.
STS 41-C mission specialist Terry J. Hart, holds a 70-pound IMAX camera in the mid-deck of the space shuttle Challenger in 1984.
IMAX Filming at Paranal Observatory

IMAX is a proprietary system of high-resolution cameras, film formats, film projectors, and theaters known for having very large screens with a tall aspect ratio (approximately either 1.43:1 or 1.90:1) and steep stadium seating.

Projection screen in a movie theater

Projection screen

Installation consisting of a surface and a support structure used for displaying a projected image for the view of an audience.

Installation consisting of a surface and a support structure used for displaying a projected image for the view of an audience.

Projection screen in a movie theater
Home theater projection screen displaying a high-definition television image
An overhead projector projecting onto a pull-down screen
Inflatable movie screen

Projection screens may be permanently installed, as in a movie theater; painted on the wall; or portable with tripod or floor rising models as in a conference room or other non-dedicated viewing space.

Different markets exist for screens targeted for use with digital projectors, movie projectors, overhead projectors and slide projectors, although the basic idea for each of them is very much the same: front projection screens work on diffusely reflecting the light projected on to them, whereas back-projection screens work by diffusely transmitting the light through them.