Moving Picture Experts Group

MPEGMotion Picture Experts GroupMPEG encodingMoving Pictures Experts GroupMPEG VideoISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11JCT-VCMoving PictureMoving Picture Expert GroupMPEG Audio Committee
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.wikipedia
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ISO/IEC JTC 1

ISO/IECISO/IEC JTC1JTC1
MPEG's official designation is ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 – Coding of moving pictures and audio (ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 29, Working Group 11).
JTC 1 has been responsible for many critical IT standards, ranging from the Moving Picture Experts Group of MPEG video format fame to the C++ programming language.

Leonardo Chiariglione

It was established in 1988 by the initiative of Hiroshi Yasuda (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) and Leonardo Chiariglione, group Chair since its inception.
He has been at the forefront of a number of initiatives that have helped shape media technology and business as we know them today, in particular he is the chairman and co-founded the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) together with Hiroshi Yasuda.

Data compression

compressionvideo compressioncompressed
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission. All of the MPEG formats listed below use discrete cosine transform (DCT) based lossy video compression algorithms.
DCT is the most widely used lossy compression method, and is used in multimedia formats for images (such as JPEG and HEIF), video (such as MPEG, AVC and HEVC) and audio (such as MP3, AAC and Vorbis).

High Efficiency Video Coding

HEVCH.265H.265/HEVC
It was created in 2010 to develop High Efficiency Video Coding, a new generation video coding standard that further reduces (by 50%) the data rate required for high quality video coding, as compared to the current ITU-T H.264 / ISO/IEC 14496-10 standard.
HEVC was standardized by the Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC), a collaboration between the ISO/IEC MPEG and ITU-T VCEG.

Advanced Video Coding

H.264H.264/MPEG-4 AVCMPEG-4 AVC
It was formed in 2001 and its main result has been H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (MPEG-4 Part 10).
H.264 was standardized by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC JTC1 Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

Discrete cosine transform

DCTiDCTinverse discrete cosine transform
All of the MPEG formats listed below use discrete cosine transform (DCT) based lossy video compression algorithms.
It is used in most digital media, including digital images (such as JPEG and HEIF, where small high-frequency components can be discarded), digital video (such as MPEG, H.26x and Vorbis), digital audio (such as Dolby Digital, MP3 and AAC), digital television (such as SDTV, HDTV and VOD), digital radio (such as AAC+ and DAB+), and speech coding (such as AAC-LD, Siren and Opus).

Versatile Video Coding

H.266H.266/VVC
It seeks to develop Versatile Video Coding (VVC).
Versatile Video Coding (VVC) (MPEG-I Part 3) is a future video compression standard being developed for finalization around mid-2020 by the Joint Video Experts Team (JVET), a united video expert team of the MPEG working group of ISO/IEC JTC 1 and the VCEG working group of ITU-T.

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29

SC 29
MPEG's official designation is ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 – Coding of moving pictures and audio (ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 29, Working Group 11).

Gary Sullivan (engineer)

Gary SullivanGary J. Sullivan
JCT-VC is co-chaired by Jens-Rainer Ohm and Gary Sullivan.
Since January 2010, he has been a co-chairman of the Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC) and an editor for developing the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard.

International Organization for Standardization

ISOISO standardInternational Organisation for Standardisation
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
The first step—a proposal of work (New Proposal) is approved at the relevant subcommittee or technical committee (e.g., SC29 and JTC1 respectively in the case of Moving Picture Experts Group – ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11).

MPEG-4

MPEG4MPEG 44
It was introduced in late 1998 and designated a standard for a group of audio and video coding formats and related technology agreed upon by the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11) under the formal standard ISO/IEC 14496 – Coding of audio-visual objects.

MPEG-1

MPEG-1 Part 2MPGMPEG1
Modeled on the successful collaborative approach and the compression technologies developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group and CCITT's Experts Group on Telephony (creators of the JPEG image compression standard and the H.261 standard for video conferencing respectively), the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) working group was established in January 1988, by the initiative of Hiroshi Yasuda (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) and Leonardo Chiariglione (CSELT).

Lossy compression

lossylossy data compressioncompressed
All of the MPEG formats listed below use discrete cosine transform (DCT) based lossy video compression algorithms.
DCT is the most widely used form of lossy compression, for popular image compression formats (such as JPEG), video coding standards (such as MPEG and H.264/AVC) and audio compression formats (such as MP3 and AAC).

MPEG-2

MPEG2H.222MPEG 2
MPEG-2 was the second of several standards developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG) and is an international standard (ISO/IEC 13818).

MPEG-21

ISO 21000ISO/IEC 21000
The MPEG-21 standard, from the Moving Picture Experts Group, aims at defining an open framework for multimedia applications.

Hiroshi Yasuda

It was established in 1988 by the initiative of Hiroshi Yasuda (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) and Leonardo Chiariglione, group Chair since its inception.
In the sphere of international standardization, together with Leonardo Chiariglione he founded the Moving Picture Experts Group which standardized MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, better known as MP3.

MPEG-3

MPEG-3 is the designation for a group of audio and video coding standards agreed upon by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) designed to handle HDTV signals at 1080p in the range of 20 to 40 megabits per second.

MPEG-H

ISO/IEC 23008
MPEG-H is a group of international standards under development by the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP

MPEG-DASHDASHMPEG DASH
MPEG-DASH technology was developed under MPEG.

MP3

.mp3MP3 downloadMP3 files
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) designed MP3 as part of its MPEG-1, and later MPEG-2, standards.

MPEG-7

ISO/IEC 15938MPEG7
MPEG-7 is intended to provide complementary functionality to the previous MPEG standards, representing information about the content, not the content itself ("the bits about the bits").

ATSC standards

ATSCdigitalATSC standard
Many aspects of ATSC are patented, including elements of the MPEG video coding, the AC-3 audio coding, and the 8VSB modulation.

High-definition video

HDhigh definitionhigh-definition
The DCT is a lossy compression technique that was first proposed by Nasir Ahmed in 1972, and was later adapted into a motion-compensated DCT algorithm for video coding standards such as the H.26x formats from 1988 onwards and the MPEG formats from 1993 onwards.

MPEG-4 Part 2

MPEG-4 ASPMPEG-4 SPMPEG-4
MPEG-4 Part 2, MPEG-4 Visual (formally ISO/IEC 14496-2 ) is a video compression format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

Digital Video Broadcasting

DVBDigital Video BroadcastDVB Project
Digital video content is encoded using discrete cosine transform (DCT) based video coding standards, such as the H.26x and MPEG formats.