Muar (town)

MuarBandar MaharaniMuar townMaharaniMuar City
Muar (Jawi:موار) or Bandar Maharani is a historical town and the capital of Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.wikipedia
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Johor

JohoreJohor Darul Ta'zimState of Johor
Muar (Jawi:موار) or Bandar Maharani is a historical town and the capital of Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.
Johor Bahru is the capital city and the economic centre of the state, Kota Iskandar is the seat of the state government, and Muar serves as the royal town of the state.

Batu Pahat (town)

Batu PahatBandar Penggaram, Batu PahatPenggaram
It was recently declared as the royal town of Johor by Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar and is the fourth largest city (after Johor Bahru, Batu Pahat and Kluang) in Johor.
It lies south-east of Muar (a royal city), south-west of Kluang, north-west of Pontian and south of Segamat.

Tangkak District

LedangTangkakLedang District
It is the main and biggest town of the bigger entity region or area of the same name, Muar which is sub-divided into the Muar district and the new Tangkak district, which was upgraded into a full-fledged district from the Tangkak sub-district earlier. Upon upgrade of Tangkak sub-district to full-fledged Tangkak district, Bandar Maharani of Muar is now administered by Muar Municipal Council (formerly South Muar Town Council, later Muar Town Council) under the Muar District Office, while Tangkak is administered by Tangkak Town Council (formerly North Muar Town Council) under the Tangkak District Office.
The district was previously an autonomous sub-district (daerah kecil) covering the north-western part of the Muar district, separated from Muar City proper by the Muar River.

Muar River

MuarSungai MuarMuar River (Malaysia)
Upon the upgrading of Tangkak (formerly Ledang) district, the Muar district now covers only the area south of Sungai Muar, whilst the northern area beyond the river is in within Tangkak district. Sultan Ismail Bridge, the first bridge across the Muar River is the landmark of the town, built in 1960 and completed in 1962 to replace old ferry services in the 1960s.
The river also flows through Muar town.

Malacca Sultanate

Sultanate of MalaccaMalaccaMelaka Sultanate
It is believed that the history of Muar started much earlier than the Sultanate of Malacca. Another account also stated that Parameswara, upon his exile from Temasik before proceeding to found Melaka, had established a settlement at Kota Buruk, Pagoh, Ulu Muar, Muar witnessing the beginning of the Malacca Sultanate empire.
Parameswara (also known as "Iskandar Shah" in some accounts) fled north to Muar, Ujong Tanah and Biawak Busuk before reaching a fishing village at the mouth of Bertam river (modern-day Malacca River).

Abu Bakar of Johor

Sultan Abu BakarAbu BakarSultan Abu Bakar of Johor
Abu Bakar's relationship with the ruler of Muar, Sultan Ali was strained.

Batu Pahat District

Batu PahatBatu Pahat, Johordistrict of Batu Pahat
A 1916 plan to extend the line to Batu Pahat was aborted and the service totally stopped in 1925 due to financial and geographical constraints and its reduced importance after the construction of Jalan Abdul Rahman linking the Muar town and Parit Jawa.
The next nearest town is Muar which is 50 km (30 miles) northwest of Batu Pahat.

Parameswara (king)

ParameswaraIskandar ShahParameswara (sultan)
Another account also stated that Parameswara, upon his exile from Temasik before proceeding to found Melaka, had established a settlement at Kota Buruk, Pagoh, Ulu Muar, Muar witnessing the beginning of the Malacca Sultanate empire.
In Muar, Parameswara contemplated establishing his new kingdom at either Biawak Busuk or at Kota Buruk.

Muar State Railway

The Muar State Railway (MSR) operated from 1889–1925, linking Jalan Sulaiman in Bandar Maharani and Sungai Pulai for a distance of 22.5 km.
The district of Muar enjoyed significant economic growth during the late 19th century as a result of a boom in the agricultural industry around the newly formed town of Bandar Maharani (also known as Muar town).

Muhamad Salleh bin Perang

Dato' Bentara LuarDato' Mohd. Salleh bin PerangDato' Salleh bin Perang
The Temenggong quickly established goodwill relations with the Kapitan Cina by appointing one Malay administrator, Muhamad Salleh bin Perang, the Dato' Bentara Luar who was able to speak the Teochew dialect, the language spoken by most Kapitan Cina and settlers and able to read Chinese for these purposes.
Perang was involved in the development and planning of the cities of Bandar Maharani (1888) and Batu Pahat (1893).

Muar District

MuarBandar Maharanidistrict of Muar
Muar (Jawi:موار) or Bandar Maharani is a historical town and the capital of Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.
The district was formerly divided administratively into Bandar Maharani municipality and Tangkak township.

Bukit Kepong incident

Bukit KepongBukit Kepong Historical ComplexBukit Kepong Incident 1950
During the Malayan Emergency period, in the Bukit Kepong Incident, the police station of Bukit Kepong was ambushed and brutally attacked by members of the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the military arm of the Malayan Communist Party, on 23 February 1950 killing 26 policemen and family members.
The wooden station was located on the river banks of the Muar River, about 59 km from Muar town, Johor.

Muar Bypass

Malaysia Federal Route 224
A new administration hub and transportation hub integrated with bus terminal and market called Maharani Sentral are being planned to be built at the location near Muar Bypass in between Jalan Haji Kosai and Jalan Temenggung. The new Muar Second Bridge connecting Parit Bunga at the north and Sabak Awor at the south across the river is part of the 13 km Muar Bypass (highway ) that was completed in 2005.
Muar Bypass, or Jalan Pintasan Muar, Federal Route 224, is a major highway bypass and the first highway built in Bandar Maharani Muar, a royal town in Johor, Malaysia.

Malaysia Federal Route 5

Federal Route 55Highway
Besides federal roads such as highway that runs through Muar town centre, Muar is also accessible via the PLUS Expressway through the Tangkak (EXIT 235), Bukit Gambir (EXIT 233), Pagoh (EXIT 238) and Yong Peng (EXIT 241) interchange exits.
At Parit Jawa, the FT5 route is diverted to Jalan Abdul Rahman FT5 to Muar, where it passes three roundabouts (Khalidi Roundabout, Sulaiman Roundabout and Bentayan Roundabout) before the FT5 route is diverted once again to Jalan Bakri FT5 at Bentayan Roundabout, which later continues as the Sultan Ismail Bridge FT5 and Jalan Kesang FT5.

Sultan Ismail Bridge

Jambatan Sultan Ismail
Sultan Ismail Bridge, the first bridge across the Muar River is the landmark of the town, built in 1960 and completed in 1962 to replace old ferry services in the 1960s.
The Sultan Ismail Bridge (Jambatan Sultan Ismail; Jawi: جمبتن سلطان اسماعيل) is a bridge in Muar town across the Muar River in Johor, Malaysia.

8th Division (Australia)

8th DivisionAustralian 8th Division8th Australian Division
The battle resulted in the near-annihilation of the Allies' deployed 45th Indian Infantry Brigade, with heavy casualties for its two attached Australian's 2/19th and 2/29th Infantry Battalions and the eventual fall of Muar to the Imperial Japanese forces.
On 14 January 1942, parts of the division went into action for the first time south of Kuala Lumpur, at Gemas and Muar.

Tangkak

Tangkak Town
It is the main and biggest town of the bigger entity region or area of the same name, Muar which is sub-divided into the Muar district and the new Tangkak district, which was upgraded into a full-fledged district from the Tangkak sub-district earlier.
Federal highway links Tangkak to Muar in the south and Segamat in the north.

Muar Second Bridge

second bridge
The new Muar Second Bridge connecting Parit Bunga at the north and Sabak Awor at the south across the river is part of the 13 km Muar Bypass (highway ) that was completed in 2005.
Muar Second Bridge (Malay: Jambatan Kedua Muar Jawi: جمبتن كدوا موار) is a famous landmark in Muar, Johor, Malaysia.

Muar Municipal Council

Muar MMajlis Perbandaran Muar
Upon upgrade of Tangkak sub-district to full-fledged Tangkak district, Bandar Maharani of Muar is now administered by Muar Municipal Council (formerly South Muar Town Council, later Muar Town Council) under the Muar District Office, while Tangkak is administered by Tangkak Town Council (formerly North Muar Town Council) under the Tangkak District Office.
Muar Municipal Council (Majlis Perbandaran Muar, abbreviated MPM) is a local authority which administrates Muar Town of Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.

Bukit Bakri

BakriPekan Bakri, Jalan Bakri
In World War II, the Battle of Muar, 14–22 January 1942, fought around the area from Gemencheh, Muar River and Bukit Bakri in Muar was the last major battle of the Malayan Campaign of the Battle of Malaya, fought by British Allied forces and Japanese forces from 8 December 1941 - 31 January 1942 in British Malaya.
It is located along Federal Route in Muar district, just five kilometers east of Muar town.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomKing of Majapahit
In 1361, it was claimed that Muar was a part of the Majapahit empire.
Next Langkasuka, Saimwang, Kelantan and Trengganu, Johor, Paka, Muar, Dungun, Tumasik (Temasek, where Singapore is today), Kelang (Klang Valley) and Kedah, Jerai (Gunung Jerai), Kanjapiniran, all are united.

Japanese occupation of Malaya

Japanese occupationMalayaOccupied Malaya
During the 1942–45 Japanese occupation of Malaya era, Muar continued to serve as important administration town under the occupying Japanese army with many locals involved in the bulk of anti-Japanese resistance groups such as the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army (MPAJA) and Force 136.
Specific incidents include Kota Tinggi, Johore on 28 February 1942 (2,000 killed); Gelang Patah, Johore on 4 March (300 killed); Benut, Johore on 6 March (number unknown); Johore Baharu, Senai, Kulai, Sedenak, Pulai, Rengam, Kluang, Yong Peng, Batu Pahat, Senggarang, Parit Bakau, and Muar between February and March) (estimated up to 25,000 Chinese were killed in Johore); Tanjong Kling, Malacca on 16 March (142 killed); Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan on 15 March (76 killed); Parit Tinggi, Negeri Sembilan on 16 March (more than 100 killed, the entire village); Joo Loong Loong (now known as Titi) on 18 March (990 killed, entire village eliminated by Major Yokokoji Kyomi and his troops); and Penang in April (several thousand killed by Major Higashigawa Yoshinura).

Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque

Masjid Jamek Sultan Ibrahim
The Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque, the Sultan Abu Bakar Building, the former High Court Building, the Police Traffic Department building, the Muar High School building, the former Telecom building, the Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) building, the 2nd Batalion Rejiment 501 AW's territorial army camp building, the Custom Department building and the official District Officer resident and others government official resident houses are the many old, heritage and historic buildings still standing in the area.
Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque (Masjid Jamek Sultan Ibrahim) is a historical mosque in Muar Town, Johor, Malaysia.

Nagarakretagama

NagarakertagamaNegarakertagamaNagarakrtagama
Next Langkasuka, Saimwang, Kelantan and Trengganu, Johor, Paka, Muar, Dungun, Tumasik (where Singapore is today), Kelang (Klang Valley) and Kedah, Jerai (Gunung Jerai), Kanjapiniran, all are united.

Pagoh

Another account also stated that Parameswara, upon his exile from Temasik before proceeding to found Melaka, had established a settlement at Kota Buruk, Pagoh, Ulu Muar, Muar witnessing the beginning of the Malacca Sultanate empire.