Muhammad Ali

Cassius ClayMuhammed AliAliMohammed AliMohammad AliMaryum AliAli shuffleCassius Marcellus Clay Jr.Lonnie AliMuhammad
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.wikipedia
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Louisville, Kentucky

LouisvilleLouisville, KYLouisville Metro
Ali was born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, and began training as an amateur boxer at age 12.
Today, the city is known as the home of legendary boxer Muhammad Ali, the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), the University of Louisville and its Cardinals, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies: Humana, Kindred Healthcare, and Yum! Brands.

Sonny Liston

ListonCharles "Sonny" ListonPariah: The Lives and Deaths of Sonny Liston
He won the world heavyweight championship from Sonny Liston in a major upset at age 22 in 1964.
Although Liston was widely regarded as unbeatable, he lost the title in 1964 to Muhammad Ali, who entered as a 7–1 underdog.

Clay v. United States

Ali's legal appealconviction is overturnedlegal case
He appealed the decision to the Supreme Court, which overturned his conviction in 1971, but he had not fought for nearly four years and lost a period of peak performance as an athlete.
Clay v. United States, 403 U.S. 698 (1971), was Muhammad Ali's appeal of his conviction in 1967 for refusing to report for induction into the United States military forces during the Vietnam War.

List of most-watched television broadcasts

List of most watched television broadcastsmost watchedmost watched television event ever
He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman known as The Rumble in the Jungle which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century" and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide, becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time.
The boxer Muhammad Ali drew record global television audiences during the 1970s to early 1980s.

Elijah Muhammad

Elijah Muhammedhis father
As a Muslim, Ali was initially affiliated with Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam (NOI).
He was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan and Muhammad Ali, as well as his own son, Warith Deen Mohammed.

Thrilla in Manila

ManilaThriller in ManillaAli-Frazier
He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman known as The Rumble in the Jungle which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century" and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide, becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time.
The Thrilla in Manila was the third and final boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier.

George Foreman

ForemanBig" George Foremanfight
He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman known as The Rumble in the Jungle which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century" and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide, becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time.
Two successful title defenses were made before Foreman's first professional loss to Muhammad Ali in "The Rumble in the Jungle" in 1974.

The Rumble in the Jungle

Rumble in the Jungleheavyweight title fighteighth round
He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman known as The Rumble in the Jungle which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century" and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide, becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time.
Held at the 20th of May Stadium (now the Stade Tata Raphaël), it pitted the undefeated world heavyweight champion George Foreman against challenger Muhammad Ali, the former heavyweight champion.

Joe Frazier

FrazierJoe Fraser[Joe] Frazier
He was involved in several historic boxing matches and feuds, most notably his fights with Joe Frazier, such as the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman known as The Rumble in the Jungle which has been called "arguably the greatest sporting event of the 20th century" and was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide, becoming the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time.
Frazier emerged as the top contender in the late 1960s, defeating opponents that included Jerry Quarry, Oscar Bonavena, Buster Mathis, Eddie Machen, Doug Jones, George Chuvalo, and Jimmy Ellis en route to becoming undisputed heavyweight champion in 1970, and followed up by defeating Muhammad Ali by unanimous decision in the highly anticipated Fight of the Century in 1971.

Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr.

Cassius Marcellus Clay, Sr.Cassius Clay Sr.Cassius Clay, Sr.
He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. (1912–1990), who himself was named in honor of the 19th-century Republican politician and staunch abolitionist Cassius Marcellus Clay, also from the state of Kentucky.
He was the father of three-time World Heavyweight Champion Muhammad Ali and Rahman Ali, and the paternal grandfather of Laila Ali.

Rahman Ali

Rudy Clay / Rahman AliRamadan AliRudolph "Rudy" Clay
Although Cassius Sr. was a Methodist, he allowed Odessa to bring up both Cassius Jr. and his younger brother, Rudolph "Rudy" Clay (later renamed Rahman Ali), as Baptists.
He is the younger brother of Muhammad Ali.

Heavyweight

heavyweight boxerheavyweight boxingheavyweight division
He won the world heavyweight championship from Sonny Liston in a major upset at age 22 in 1964.
Only six boxers in the history of the heavyweight division have been world heavyweight champion on three separate occasions: Muhammad Ali, (Lineal title) Evander Holyfield, Michael Moorer, Lennox Lewis, Vitali Klitschko and Ruslan Chagaev.

Archie Moore

Moore
Clay also beat his former trainer and veteran boxer Archie Moore in a 1962 match.
Moore was also a trainer for a short time after retirement, training boxers such as Muhammad Ali, George Foreman and James Tillis.

Henry Cooper

Sir Henry CooperHenry Cooper (boxer)
He defeated boxers including Tony Esperti, Jim Robinson, Donnie Fleeman, Alonzo Johnson, George Logan, Willi Besmanoff, LaMar Clark, Doug Jones and Henry Cooper.
Cooper held the British, Commonwealth, and European heavyweight titles several times throughout his career, and unsuccessfully challenged Muhammad Ali for the world heavyweight championship in 1966.

Odessa Grady Clay

Odessa ClayOdessa Lee O'GradyOdessa O'Grady Clay
His father was a sign and billboard painter, and his mother, Odessa O'Grady Clay (1917–1994), was a domestic helper.
Odessa Lee Clay (née O'Grady; February 12, 1917 – August 20, 1994) was the mother of three-time World Heavyweight Champion Muhammad Ali and Rahman Ali, and the paternal

Angelo Dundee

To replace Moore, Clay hired Angelo Dundee to be his trainer.
Internationally known for his work with Muhammad Ali (1960–1981), he also worked with 15 other world boxing champions, including Sugar Ray Leonard, José Nápoles, George Foreman, George Scott, Jimmy Ellis, Carmen Basilio, Luis Manuel Rodríguez and Willie Pastrano.

Drew Bundini Brown

Bundini BrownBundiniDrew "Bundini" Brown
The story was later disputed, and several of Ali's friends, including Bundini Brown and photographer Howard Bingham, denied it.
Drew Bundini Brown (March 21, 1928 – September 24, 1987) was an assistant trainer and cornerman of the American 20th Century boxer Muhammad Ali.

Sonny Banks

Clay was knocked down by both Sonny Banks and Cooper.
Lucien "Sonny" Banks (June 29, 1940 – May 13, 1965) was a mid-20th Century American boxer who is primarily historically remembered for being the first competitor to knock down Cassius Clay (later "Muhammad Ali") in a professional match.

1960 Summer Olympics

19601960 Olympic Games1960 Rome
At 18, he won a gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics, and turned professional later that year.

Jim Robinson (boxer)

Jim Robinson
He defeated boxers including Tony Esperti, Jim Robinson, Donnie Fleeman, Alonzo Johnson, George Logan, Willi Besmanoff, LaMar Clark, Doug Jones and Henry Cooper.
Robinson fought Muhammad Ali in Miami Beach on February 7, 1961 as a last-minute replacement for Willie Gullatt.

Doug Jones (boxer)

Doug Jones
He defeated boxers including Tony Esperti, Jim Robinson, Donnie Fleeman, Alonzo Johnson, George Logan, Willi Besmanoff, LaMar Clark, Doug Jones and Henry Cooper.
His best known fight was against a young Cassius Clay in March 1963, when he lost a ten-round decision in front of a sold-out crowd in Madison Square Garden.

Boxing at the 1960 Summer Olympics

1960Boxingboxing programme
He went on to win six Kentucky Golden Gloves titles, two national Golden Gloves titles, an Amateur Athletic Union national title, and the Light Heavyweight gold medal in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.
Two of the gold medalists later became Hall of Fame world champions in professional boxing: Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) and Nino Benvenuti.

Pay-per-view

pay per viewPPViPPV
The company mainly handled Ali's boxing promotions and pay-per-view closed-circuit television broadcasts.
Closed-circuit telecasts peaked in popularity with Muhammad Ali in the 1960s and 1970s, with "The Rumble in the Jungle" fight drawing 50million buys worldwide in 1974, and the "Thrilla in Manila" drawing 100million buys worldwide in 1975.

Chuck Bodak

For the last four years of Clay's amateur career he was trained by boxing cutman Chuck Bodak.
Vasil "Chuck" Bodak (June 3, 1916 - February 6, 2009) was an American boxing cutman and trainer who worked with over 50 world champions including Muhammad Ali, Rocky Marciano, Tommy Hearns, Julio Cesar Chavez, Evander Holyfield, Edward Necco and Oscar De La Hoya.

Mike Tyson

Desiree WashingtonTysonMichael Tyson
Mike Tyson broke both records in 1986 when he defeated Trevor Berbick to win the heavyweight title at age 20.
With his defeat of Bruno, Tyson joined Floyd Patterson, Muhammad Ali, Tim Witherspoon, Evander Holyfield, and George Foreman as the only men in boxing history to have regained a heavyweight championship after having lost it.