A report on Multan

Multan is famous for its large number of Sufi shrines, including the unique rectangular tomb of Shah Gardez that dates from the 1150s and is covered in blue enameled tiles typical of Multan.
The shrine of Shamsuddin Sabzwari dates from 1330, and has a unique green dome.
The Mausoleum of Shah Ali Akbar dating from the 1580s was built in the regional style that is typical of Multan's shrines.
Multan's Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam is considered to be the earliest Tughluq era monument.
The 15th century Multani Caravanserai in Baku, Azerbaijan, was built to house visiting Multani merchants in the city.
Multan's Shahi Eid Gah Mosque dates from 1735 and is decorated with elaborate and intricate Mughal era frescoes.
Diwan Sawan Mal Chopra, the governor of Multan and Lahore.
Multan's "Bloody Bastion" was the site of fierce fighting during the Siege of Multan in 1848–49.
Multan's Ghanta Ghar dates from the British colonial period, and was built in the Indo-Saracenic style.
Shrine of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya
Multan's is home to a significant Christian minority.
Multan's Sufi shrines are often decorated during annual Urs festivals. Pictured is the Wali Muhammad Shah shrine.
Multan Cantonment railway station serves as the city's main railway station.
Multan International Airport offers flights throughout Pakistan, and direct flights to Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
The tomb of Khawaja Awais Kagha displays use of traditional Multan tile-work on both its exterior and interior.
The shrine of Pir Adil Shah.
Multan Cricket Stadium from outside.

City and capital of Multan Division located in Punjab, Pakistan.

- Multan

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Nishtar Medical University

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Main entrance of Nishtar Medical University Multan

Nishtar Medical University (formerly Nishtar Medical College) is a public sector health sciences university located in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.

Modern statue of Jalal al-Din in Urgench

Jalal al-Din Mangburni

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The last Khwarazmshah of the Anushtegin dynasty.

The last Khwarazmshah of the Anushtegin dynasty.

Modern statue of Jalal al-Din in Urgench
Battle of the Indus: Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah crossing the rapid Indus River on horseback, escaping Genghis Khan and the Mongol army.
Coinage of Jalal al-Din Mangubarni. AR Double Dirham. Qal 'a Nay mint
Dirham of Jalal ad-Din, citing Abbasid caliph Al-Mustansir Bi'llah 623-628 AH (1226-1231 AD).

Under Doqshin's leadership, the Mongol army took Nandana from one of the lieutenants of Jalal ad-Din, sacked it, then proceeded to besiege the larger Multan.

Six Sufi masters, c. 1760

Sufism

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Mystic body of religious practice, found mainly within Sunni Islam which is characterized by a focus on Islamic spirituality, ritualism, asceticism and esotericism.

Mystic body of religious practice, found mainly within Sunni Islam which is characterized by a focus on Islamic spirituality, ritualism, asceticism and esotericism.

Six Sufi masters, c. 1760
Dancing dervishes, by Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād (c. 1480–1490)
A Sufi in Ecstasy in a Landscape. Isfahan, Safavid Persia (c. 1650–1660), LACMA.
A Mughal miniature dated from the early 1620s depicting the Mughal emperor Jahangir (d. 1627) preferring an audience with Sufi saint to his contemporaries, the Ottoman Sultan and the King of England James I (d. 1625); the picture is inscribed in Persian: "Though outwardly shahs stand before him, he fixes his gazes on dervishes."
Blagaj Tekke, built c. 1520 next to the Buna wellspring cavern beneath a high vertical karstic cliff, in Blagaj, Bosnia. The natural and architectural ensemble, proposed for UNESCO inscription, forms a spatially and topographically self-contained ensemble, and is National Monument of Bosnia.
Whirling dervishes of the Mevlevi Order photographed by Pascal Sébah (Istanbul, 1870)
Sufi Tanoura twirling in Muizz Street, Cairo
The Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam located in Multan, Pakistan. Known for its multitude of Sufi shrines, Multan is nicknamed the "City of Saints".
Man holding the hem of his beloved, an expression of a Sufi's agony of longing for the divine union
The name of Muhammad in Islamic calligraphy. Sufis believe the name of Muhammad is holy and sacred.
Tomb of Salim Chishti, Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Tomb of Sayyid Ali Hamadani, Kulob, Tajikistan
The mausoleum (gongbei) of Ma Laichi in Linxia City, China
Sufi gathering engaged in dhikr
The name of Allah as written on the disciple's heart, according to the Sarwari Qadri Order
An Algerian Sufi in Murāqabah. La prière by Eugène Girardet.
Whirling Dervishes, at Rumi Fest 2007
A Persian miniature depicting the medieval saint and mystic Ahmad Ghazali (d. 1123), brother of the famous Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111), talking to a disciple, from the Meetings of the Lovers (1552)
Sufi mosque in Esfahan, Iran
The works of Al-Ghazali firmly defended the concepts of Sufism within the Islamic faith.
Geometric tiling on the underside of the dome of Hafiz Shirazi's tomb in Shiraz
A manuscript of Sufi Islamic theology, Shams al-Ma'arif (The Book of the Sun of Gnosis), was written by the Algerian Sufi master Ahmad al-Buni during the 12th century.
A Mughal-era Sufi prayer book from the Chishti order
Depiction of Rabi'a grinding grain from a Persian dictionary
Muslim pilgrims gathered around the Ḍarīẖ covering the grave (qabr) of the 13th-century Sufi saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (shrine located in Sehwan Sharif, Pakistan); on 16 February 2017, ISIS claimed responsibility for a suicide attack on the shrine which resulted in the deaths of 90 people.
A choreographed Sufi performance on a Friday in Sudan
A 17th-century miniature of Nasreddin, a Seljuk satirical figure, currently in the Topkapı Palace Museum Library
Urs of Islamic Naqshbandi saints of Allo Mahar is celebrated on 23 March every year

This is a particularly common practice in South Asia, where famous tombs include such saints as Sayyid Ali Hamadani in Kulob, Tajikistan; Afāq Khoja, near Kashgar, China; Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sindh; Ali Hujwari in Lahore, Pakistan; Bahauddin Zakariya in Multan Pakistan; Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, India; Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi, India; and Shah Jalal in Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Monsoon clouds over city

Faisalabad

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3rd largest city of Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore respectively, and the 2nd largest city of Punjab after Lahore.

3rd largest city of Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore respectively, and the 2nd largest city of Punjab after Lahore.

Monsoon clouds over city
Lyallpur Galleria, One of the Faisalabad Malls

The M4 was designed to reduce congestion, boost trade, and reduce travel times and transportation costs from Faisalabad, a major textile hub to the major trade centre of Multan.

Multan Fort

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Landmark of South Asian defence and architecture.

Landmark of South Asian defence and architecture.

It was rebuilt by Ranghar chiefs near the city of Multan, on a hillock separated from the city by the Ravi River.

Mirani dynasty

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Tribe of Baloch who were influential in India between the 15th and 18th centuries.

Tribe of Baloch who were influential in India between the 15th and 18th centuries.

Baloch, the first of these invaders, in 1476 Nawab Ghazi Khan Mirani, son of Malik Sohrab Khan, a Balochi chieftain, who had declared independence from the Langah Dynasty Sultans of Multan.

M-4 motorway (Pakistan)

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The M4 is a north–south motorway in Pakistan that connects the cities of Faisalabad and Multan.

Coinage of Sind of the mid 6th century CE, on the model of the Sasanian coinage of Sindh. Obverse: Crowned bust right; sun-wheel symbol to right. Reverse: Fire altar; Ranadityasatya in Brahmi around. These coins often have a Hunnic tamgha symbol in front of the bust of the ruler (see Sasanian coinage of Sindh).

Rai dynasty

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The Rai dynasty (Sindhi: راءِ گهراڻي) (c.

The Rai dynasty (Sindhi: راءِ گهراڻي) (c.

Coinage of Sind of the mid 6th century CE, on the model of the Sasanian coinage of Sindh. Obverse: Crowned bust right; sun-wheel symbol to right. Reverse: Fire altar; Ranadityasatya in Brahmi around. These coins often have a Hunnic tamgha symbol in front of the bust of the ruler (see Sasanian coinage of Sindh).

The fourth unit was centered around Multan, adjoining Kashmir.

Gulgasht Colony

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Gulgasht Colony, (Punjabi: ) is an area of Multan City in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Mumtazabad

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Mumtazabad is one of the oldest housing areas of east Multan in Punjab, Pakistan.