A report on Multilateralism

Alliance of multiple countries pursuing a common goal.

- Multilateralism

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Bilateralism

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Conduct of political, economic, or cultural relations between two sovereign states.

Conduct of political, economic, or cultural relations between two sovereign states.

It is in contrast to unilateralism or multilateralism, which is activity by a single state or jointly by multiple states, respectively.

Leaders of the G20 countries and others present at the 2008 G-20 Washington summit. Most members of the G20 are middle powers while some are great powers.

Middle power

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Sovereign state that is not a great power nor a superpower, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.

Sovereign state that is not a great power nor a superpower, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.

Leaders of the G20 countries and others present at the 2008 G-20 Washington summit. Most members of the G20 are middle powers while some are great powers.

Commitment to multilateralism through global institutions and allying with other middle powers.

Unilateralism

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Any doctrine or agenda that supports one-sided action.

Any doctrine or agenda that supports one-sided action.

It stands in contrast with multilateralism, the pursuit of foreign policy goals alongside allies.

Canada

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Country in North America.

Country in North America.

Linguistic areas of North American Indigenous peoples at the time of European contact
Map of territorial claims in North America by 1750, before the French and Indian War, which was part of the greater worldwide conflict known as the Seven Years' War (1756 to 1763). Possessions of Britain (pink), New France (blue), and Spain (orange, California, Pacific Northwest, and Great Basin not indicated)
Benjamin West's The Death of General Wolfe (1771) dramatizes James Wolfe's death during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec.
War of 1812 heroine Laura Secord warning British commander James FitzGibbon of an impending American attack at Beaver Dams
Animated map showing the growth and change of Canada's provinces and territories since Confederation in 1867
A copy of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
A topographic map of Canada, in polar projection (for 90° W), showing elevations shaded from green to brown (higher)
Terrestrial ecozones and ecoprovinces of Canada. Ecozone are identified with a unique colour. Ecoprovinces are subdivisions of ecozones and are identified with a unique numeric code
Köppen climate classification types of Canada
Parliament Hill, home of the federal government in Canada's capital city, Ottawa
The Senate chamber within the Centre Block on Parliament Hill
The Supreme Court of Canada in Ottawa, west of Parliament Hill
The Canadian delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, May 1945
A Canadian McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet in Cold Lake, Alberta
Political map of Canada showing its 10 provinces and 3 territories
The Toronto financial district is the second-largest financial centre in North America, the seventh-largest globally in employment and the heart of Canada's finance industry.
The Canadian-built Space Shuttle robotic arm (left), referred to as Canadarm, transferred the P5 truss segment over to the Canadian-built space station robotic arm, referred to as Canadarm2
The Quebec City–Windsor Corridor is the most densely populated and heavily industrialized region of Canada and spans 1200 km.
Health care cost rise based on total expenditure on health as percent of GDP. Countries shown are the United States, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Canada.
14th G7 summit leaders at the University of Toronto: (left to right) Jacques Delors, Ciriaco De Mita, Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan, Brian Mulroney, François Mitterrand, Helmut Kohl and Noboru Takeshita
Approximately 98 percent of Canadians can speak either or both English and French:
Monument to Multiculturalism by Francesco Pirelli, in Toronto
The mother beaver on the Canadian parliament's Peace Tower. The five flowers on the shield each represent an ethnicity—Tudor rose: English; Fleur de lis: French; thistle: Scottish; shamrock: Irish; and leek: Welsh.
A Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) satellite truck, used for live television broadcasts
The Jack Pine by Tom Thomson. Oil on canvas, 1916, in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.
Canada's 1928 Olympic Gold Medal hockey team, the Toronto Varsity Blues
The Toronto financial district is the second-largest financial centre in North America, the seventh-largest globally in employment and the heart of Canada's finance industry.
Map of the dominant self-identified ethnic origins per census division of 2006
CanadianEnglishFrenchScottishGermanItalianFirst NationsUkrainianIndianInuit
The Canadian men's national ice hockey team celebrates shortly after winning the gold medal final at the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Canada is recognized as a middle power for its role in international affairs with a tendency to pursue multilateral solutions.

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International relations

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Scientific study of interactions between sovereign states.

Scientific study of interactions between sovereign states.

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The field of international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides.
The official portraits of King Władysław IV dressed according to French, Spanish and Polish fashion reflects the complex politics of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Thirty Years' War.
Empires of the world in 1910
NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan
The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City
The World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C.
NATO E-3A flying with USAF F-16s in a NATO exercise

The period between roughly 1500 to 1789 saw the rise of independent sovereign states, multilateralism, and the institutionalization of diplomacy and the military.

Regionalism (international relations)

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Expression of a common sense of identity and purpose combined with the creation and implementation of institutions that express a particular identity and shape collective action within a geographical region.

Expression of a common sense of identity and purpose combined with the creation and implementation of institutions that express a particular identity and shape collective action within a geographical region.

Regionalism is one of the three constituents of the international commercial system (along with multilateralism and unilateralism).

Harris Mylonas

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Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University and the editor-in-chief for Nationalities Papers, a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press.

Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University and the editor-in-chief for Nationalities Papers, a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press.

Mylonas has contributed to the ideas of nationalism, nation-building, state-building, fifth column and multilateralism through different publications and articles.

Victor Cha in 2006

Victor Cha

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American academic, author and former national foreign policy advisor.

American academic, author and former national foreign policy advisor.

Victor Cha in 2006
Victor Cha in 2018

"Powerplay" is a term coined by Cha in his article "Powerplay Origins of the U.S. Alliance System in Asia" to explain the reason behind the United States’ decision to pursue a series of bilateral alliances with East Asian countries such as Republic of Korea, the Republic of China, and Japan instead of multilateral alliances like NATO with European countries under liberal institutionalism.

Australia

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Sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

Sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

Aboriginal rock art in the Kimberley region of Western Australia
Landing of James Cook at Botany Bay on 29 April 1770 to claim Australia's eastern half for Great Britain
Tasmania's Port Arthur penal settlement is one of eleven UNESCO World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites
The Big Picture, a painting by Tom Roberts, depicts the opening of the first Australian Parliament in 1901
The 1942 Bombing of Darwin, the first of over 100 Japanese air raids on Australia during World War II
Postwar migrants from Europe arriving in Australia in 1954
Topographic map of Australia. Dark green represents the lowest elevation and dark brown the highest
Heron Island, a coral cay in the southern Great Barrier Reef
Uluru in the semi-arid region of Central Australia
Basic geological regions of Australia, by age.
Köppen climate types of Australia.
The koala and the eucalyptus form an iconic Australian pair.
Parliament House, Canberra
A map of Australia's states and territories
Diplomatic missions of Australia
HMAS Canberra, a Canberra class landing helicopter dock, and HMAS Arunta, an Anzac-class frigate, sailing in formation
Australian energy resources and major export ports map
The Boddington Gold Mine in Western Australia is the nation's largest open cut mine.
Australia has one of the world's most highly urbanised populations with the majority living in metropolitan cities on the coast, such as Gold Coast, Queensland.
Australian residents by country of birth, 2016 census
Five Australian universities rank in the top 50 of the QS World University Rankings, including the Australian National University (19th).
The Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne was the first building in Australia to be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
Sidney Nolan's Snake mural (1970), held at the Museum of Old and New Art in Hobart, Tasmania, is inspired by the Aboriginal creation myth of the Rainbow Serpent, as well as desert flowers in bloom after a drought.
Actor playing the bushranger Ned Kelly in The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906), the world's first feature-length narrative film
The meringue-based pavlova is generally eaten at Christmas time.
The Melbourne Cricket Ground is strongly associated with the history and development of cricket and Australian rules football, Australia's two most popular spectator sports.
Fitzroy Island, one of 600 islands within the main archipelago of the Great Barrier Reef
Australian residents by country of birth, 2021 census
Australia is secular and hosts a diversity of religions. St Mary's Cathedral in Sydney belongs to the Roman Catholic Church, Australia's largest religious denomination.

A founding member country of the United Nations, Australia is strongly committed to multilateralism, and maintains an international aid program under which some 60 countries receive assistance.

Annan in 2012

Kofi Annan

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Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from 1997 to 2006.

Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from 1997 to 2006.

Annan in 2012
Annan with Russian president Vladimir Putin at United Nations Headquarters in New York City, 2001
Annan with US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice in 2006
Annan during the Munich Security Conference 2018
Annan during the South Sudanese independence referendum with fellow elder Jimmy Carter, 2011

He called for the United States to return to Truman's multilateralist foreign policies, and to follow Truman's credo that "the responsibility of the great states is to serve and not dominate the peoples of the world".