Multinational state

multiethnicmulti-ethnicmultiethnic societymultinationalmultiethnic statemulti-ethnic statemulti-national statediversemixed racemulti-ethnic society
A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations or states.wikipedia
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Nation state

nation-statecountrynation-states
This is in contrast to a nation state, where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population.
While the Office for National Statistics and others describe the United Kingdom as a "nation state", others, including a then Prime Minister, describe it as a "multinational state", and the term Home Nations is used to describe the four national teams that represent the four nations of the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales).

Bolivia

BOLBolivianPlurinational State of Bolivia
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans.

Nigeria

Federal Republic of NigeriaNigerianNGA
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 500 different native languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-Hungarian EmpireAustro-HungarianAustria–Hungary
Examples of historical multinational states that have since split into multiple sovereign states include the Ottoman Empire, British India, Czechoslovakia, the Empire of Japan, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Austria-Hungary, that was a joint monarchy of two multinational states. Austria-Hungary, which succeeded the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary, was a historical monarchy composed by two multinational states.
Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of Europe's major powers at the time.

Nation

nationsnationalnationhood
A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations or states.
Depending on the meaning of "nation" used, the term "nation state" could be used to distinguish larger states from small city states, or could be used to distinguish multinational states from those with a single ethnic group.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Thus, by the end of the 16th century Russia was transformed into a multiethnic, multidenominational and transcontinental state.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations or states.
In contrast, some states have sought to make a virtue of their multi-ethnic or multi-national character (Habsburg Austria-Hungary, for example, or the Soviet Union), and have emphasised unifying characteristics such as autocracy, monarchical legitimacy, or ideology.

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Serbia is one of the European countries with high numbers of registered national minorities, while the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is recognizable for its multi-ethnic and multi-cultural identity.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity, language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual.
Multi-ethnic states can be the result of two opposite events, either the recent creation of state borders at variance with traditional tribal territories, or the recent immigration of ethnic minorities into a former nation-state.

Montenegro

MontenegrinMNEMontenegrins
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Montenegro is multiethnic state in which no ethnic group forms a majority.

Federation

federalfederal governmentfederal state
Their demands range from increased autonomy or the transformation of Pakistan into a federation, to the recognition of language rights for non-Urdu-speaking populations, to outright secession.
An empire is a multi-ethnic state, multinational state, or a group of nations with a central government established usually through coercion (on the model of the Roman Empire).

Vojvodina

Autonomous Province of VojvodinaVoivodinaAP Vojvodina
Vojvodina is a multiethnic autonomous province in northern Serbia, with more than 26 ethnic groups and six official languages.
Vojvodina is recognizable for its multi-ethnic and multi-cultural identity.

British people

BritishUnited KingdomBritons
Political, ethnic, and religious tensions between Irish and British groups in Northern Ireland culminated in The Troubles.
The British are a diverse, multinational, multicultural and multilingual society, with "strong regional accents, expressions and identities".

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
Austria-Hungary, which succeeded the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary, was a historical monarchy composed by two multinational states.
The Austrian Empire (, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

Stateless nation

statelessnon-statestateless nations
As not all states are nation states, there are ethnic groups who live in multinational states without being considered "stateless nations".

Latvia

Republic of LatviaLatvianLAT
In August 1991, Latvia and Estonia declared their independence (following Lithuania's 1990 example), while the other twelve republics continued to discuss new, increasingly loose models for the Union.
Latvia's population has been multiethnic for centuries, though the demographics shifted dramatically in the 20th century due to the World Wars, the emigration and removal of Baltic Germans, the Holocaust, and occupation by the Soviet Union.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations or states.

Multiculturalism

multiculturaldiversitycosmopolitan
Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity, language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual.

Multilingualism

bilingualmultilingualpolyglot
Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity, language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual.

Afghanistan

AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Belgium

BelgianBELKingdom of Belgium
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

BosniaBosnia-HerzegovinaBosnian
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.