Multiple-criteria decision analysis

multi-criteria decision analysismulti-criteria decision makingMCDAmulti-criteria decision-makingMultiple Criteria Decision MakingMCDMmulticriteria decision analysismultiple criteriacomplex decisionsdecision making
Multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM) or multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a sub-discipline of operations research that explicitly evaluates multiple conflicting criteria in decision making (both in daily life and in settings such as business, government and medicine).wikipedia
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Decision-making software

Decision making softwaredecision-makingdecision
A variety of approaches and methods, many implemented by specialized decision-making software, have been developed for their application in an array of disciplines, ranging from politics and business to the environment and energy.
Thus most DM software is based on decision analysis, usually multi-criteria decision-making, and so is often referred to as "decision analysis" or "multi-criteria decision-making" software – commonly shortened to "decision-making software".

Analytic hierarchy process

(AHP)AHPAHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process):
Analytic hierarchy process (AHP)
The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a structured technique for organizing and analyzing complex decisions, based on mathematics and psychology.

Goal programming

goal attainmentGoal programming schoollexicographic optimization
Goal programming school


Elimination and Choice Expressing Reality
The French school focuses on decision aiding, in particular the ELECTRE family of outranking methods that originated in France during the mid-1960s.
ELECTRE is a family of multi-criteria decision analysis methods that originated in Europe in the mid-1960s.

Brown–Gibson model

The Brown–Gibson model is one of the many techniques for multi-attribute decision making.

Analytic network process

The analytic network process (ANP) is a more general form of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) used in multi-criteria decision analysis.

Dominance-based rough set approach

The dominance-based rough set approach (DRSA) is an extension of rough set theory for multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), introduced by Greco, Matarazzo and Słowiński.

Best worst method

Best Worst Method (BWM) is a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) method which was proposed by Dr. Jafar Rezaei in 2015.

Aggregated indices randomization method

It can use non-numeric (ordinal), non-exact (interval) and non-complete expert information to solve multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDM) problems.

Decision EXpert

DEX (Decision EXpert)
DEX (Decision EXpert) is a qualitative multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) method for decision making and is implemented in DEXi software.

Evidential reasoning approach

evidential reasoningevidential reasoning (ER) approach
In decision theory, the evidential reasoning approach (ER) is a generic evidence-based multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) approach for dealing with problems having both quantitative and qualitative criteria under various uncertainties including ignorance and randomness.

New Approach to Appraisal

road scheme appraisal process
The New Approach to Appraisal (also NATA) was the name given to a multi-criteria decision framework used to appraise transport projects and proposals in the United Kingdom.

Potentially all pairwise rankings of all possible alternatives

Potentially All Pairwise RanKings of all possible Alternatives (PAPRIKA) is a method for multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) or conjoint analysis, as implemented by decision-making software and conjoint analysis products 1000minds and MeenyMo.

Measuring attractiveness by a categorical-based evaluation technique (MACBETH)

Measuring Attractiveness by a categorical Based Evaluation TechniqueMeasuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Technique (MACBETH)
The key distinction between MACBETH and other multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methods is that it needs only qualitative judgements about the difference of attractiveness between two elements at a time, in order to generate numerical scores for the options in each criterion and to weight the criteria.

VIKOR method

The VIKOR method is a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) or multi-criteria decision analysis method.


Technique for the Order of Prioritisation by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)
The Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) is a multi-criteria decision analysis method, which was originally developed by Ching-Lai Hwang and Yoon in 1981 with further developments by Yoon in 1987, and Hwang, Lai and Liu in 1993.


decision makingdecisionsdecision
Multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM) or multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a sub-discipline of operations research that explicitly evaluates multiple conflicting criteria in decision making (both in daily life and in settings such as business, government and medicine).
Solving such problems is the focus of multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA).

Stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis

Stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis (SMAA) is a multiple-criteria decision analysis method for problems with missing or incomplete information.

Multicriteria classification

Multicriteria classification problems
In multiple criteria decision aiding (MCDA), multicriteria classification (or sorting) involves problems where a finite set of alternative actions should be assigned into a predefined set of preferentially ordered categories (classes).

Decision-making paradox

decision making paradox
The decision-making paradox was first described in 1989, and further elaborated in the 2000 book by Triantaphyllou on multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) / multi-criteria decision making (MCDM).

Rank reversals in decision-making

rank reversalrank reversals in decision making
The issue of rank reversals lies at the heart of many debates in decision-making and multi-criteria decision-making, in particular.

Weighted product model

The weighted product model (WPM) is a popular multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) / multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) method.