Mumps

Mumps meningoencephalitisCongenital mumpsMumps encephalitismumps virusThe mumps
Mumps is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus.wikipedia
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Pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreasgallstone pancreatitispancreatic inflammation
Complications may include meningitis (15%), pancreatitis (4%), inflammation of the heart, permanent deafness, and testicular inflammation, which uncommonly results in infertility.
Other causes include direct trauma, certain medications, infections such as mumps, and tumors.

Parotitis

Sialadenosispainful swelling of one or both parotid salivary glandsParotid enlargement
This is then usually followed by painful swelling of one or both parotid salivary glands.
The most common viral cause of parotitis is mumps.

Mumps vaccine

mumpsvaccineimmunized
Mumps is preventable by two doses of the mumps vaccine. The most common preventive measure against mumps is a vaccination with a mumps vaccine, invented by American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman at Merck.
Mumps vaccines are vaccines which prevent mumps.

MMR vaccine

MMRmeasles-mumps-rubella vaccineMMR vaccination
Most of the developed world includes it in their immunization programs, often in combination with measles, rubella, and varicella vaccine. The vaccine may be given separately or as part of the MMR vaccine or MMRV vaccine.
The MMR vaccine is a vaccine against measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles).

Meningitis

spinal meningitisbacterial meningitiscerebral meningitis
Complications may include meningitis (15%), pancreatitis (4%), inflammation of the heart, permanent deafness, and testicular inflammation, which uncommonly results in infertility.
Viruses that cause meningitis include enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus (generally type 2, which produces most genital sores; less commonly type 1), varicella zoster virus (known for causing chickenpox and shingles), mumps virus, HIV, LCMV, Arboviruses (acquired from a mosquito or other insect), and the Influenza virus.

Acute pancreatitis

pancreatic necrosisacuteacute hemorrhagic pancreatitis
Causes in order of frequency include a gallstone impacted in the common bile duct beyond the point where the pancreatic duct joins it; heavy alcohol use; systemic disease; trauma; and, in minors, mumps.

Parotid gland

parotidparotid salivary glandparotid glands
Diagnosis is usually suspected due to parotid swelling and can be confirmed by isolating the virus on a swab of the parotid duct.
Mumps is seen to be a common cause of parotid gland swelling - 85% of cases occur in children younger than 15 years.

Orchitis

Inflammation of the testicleinflammation of the testiclesorchiditis
Complications may include meningitis (15%), pancreatitis (4%), inflammation of the heart, permanent deafness, and testicular inflammation, which uncommonly results in infertility.
Orchitis can also be seen during active mumps, particularly in adolescent boys.

Viral disease

viral infectionviral infectionsviral
Mumps is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus.

Maurice Hilleman

Maurice R. HillemanMaurice Ralph HillemanDr. Maurice R. Hilleman
The most common preventive measure against mumps is a vaccination with a mumps vaccine, invented by American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman at Merck.
Of the 14 vaccines routinely recommended in current vaccine schedules, he developed eight: those for measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae bacteria.

Hearing loss

deafdeafnesshearing impairment
Complications may include meningitis (15%), pancreatitis (4%), inflammation of the heart, permanent deafness, and testicular inflammation, which uncommonly results in infertility.
The World Health Organization also recommends immunization against measles, mumps, and meningitis, efforts to prevent premature birth, and avoidance of certain medication as prevention.

MMRV vaccine

MMRVProQuadMeasles, combinations with mumps, rubella and varicella, live attenuated
The vaccine may be given separately or as part of the MMR vaccine or MMRV vaccine.
The MMRV vaccine combines the attenuated virus MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine with the addition of the chickenpox vaccine or varicella vaccine (V stands for varicella).

List of childhood diseases and disorders

childhood diseaseschildhood diseaseList of childhood diseases
Before the introduction of a vaccine, mumps was a common childhood disease worldwide.

Rubulavirus

The mumps virus is an enveloped, single-stranded, linear negative-sense RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus and family Paramyxovirus.
Diseases associated with this genus include mumps.

Vaccine

vaccinesvaccinologyvaccinated
The efficacy of the vaccine depends on its strain, but is usually around 80%.
Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid.

Measles vaccine

measles vaccinationmeaslesAttenuvax
Most of the developed world includes it in their immunization programs, often in combination with measles, rubella, and varicella vaccine.
Maurice Hilleman at Merck & Co., a pioneer in the development of vaccinations, developed the MMR vaccine in 1971, which treats measles, mumps and rubella in a single shot followed by a booster.

Paramyxoviridae

paramyxovirusparamyxoviruseshemagglutinin
The mumps virus is an enveloped, single-stranded, linear negative-sense RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus and family Paramyxovirus.
These include mumps, measles, which caused around 733,000 deaths in 2000, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is the major cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants and children.

Mumps rubulavirus

mumps virusmumps
Mumps is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus. The mumps virus is an enveloped, single-stranded, linear negative-sense RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus and family Paramyxovirus.
Mumps rubulavirus is the causative agent of mumps.

Incubation period

incubationincubation timelatent period
The incubation period (time until symptoms begin) can be from 12–25 days, but is typically 16–18 days.

Meningoencephalitis

inflammation of membranes covering the brain and the brain itselfinflammation of the brain and meningesmeningoencephalitides
Before the introduction of the mumps vaccine, the mumps virus was the leading cause of viral meningoencephalitis in the United States.

Amylase

amylasesα-amylaseamylolytic
As with any inflammation of the salivary glands, the serum level of the enzyme amylase is often elevated.
A higher than normal concentration may reflect one of several medical conditions, including acute inflammation of the pancreas (it may be measured concurrently with the more specific lipase), but also perforated peptic ulcer, torsion of an ovarian cyst, strangulation, ileus, mesenteric ischemia, macroamylasemia and mumps.

Viral culture

virus isolationcultureCulturing virus
Human virus types that can be identified by viral culture include adenovirus, cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, varicella zoster virus, measles and mumps.

Fever

pyrexiafebrileague
Initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, poor appetite, and feeling generally unwell.

Myalgia

muscle painmuscle achesmuscle pains
Initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, poor appetite, and feeling generally unwell.

Headache

headacheschronic headacheheadach
Initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, poor appetite, and feeling generally unwell.