Municipal charter

city chartertown charterchartercharteredchartersborough chartercity charterstown chartersvillage charterCarta Puebla
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.wikipedia
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Bourgeoisie

bourgeoisburgherburghers
Townspeople who lived in chartered towns were burghers, as opposed to serfs who lived in villages.
The "bourgeoisie" in its original sense is intimately linked to the existence of cities recognized as such by their urban charters (e.g. municipal charter, town privileges, German town law), so there was no bourgeoisie "outside the walls of the city" beyond which the people were "peasants" submitted to the stately courts and manorialism (except for the traveling "fair bourgeoisie" living outside urban territories, who retained their city rights and domicile).

Royal charter

chartercharter of incorporationchartered
In monarchies, charters are still often a royal charter given by the Crown or the authorities acting on behalf of the Crown. In Sweden until 1951, cities were established by royal charter; see City status in Sweden.
They were, and are still, used to establish significant organisations such as boroughs (with municipal charters), universities and learned societies.

Town

settlementsmall towntowns
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.

Municipal corporation

IncorporatedUnincorporatedincorporation
In the United States, such charters are established either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law, usually after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population.
Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter.

General-law municipality

general law citygeneral-law citygeneral law
Municipalities without charters, in states where such exist, are known as general-law municipalities or cities.
This is contrast to a charter city or home-rule city, whose government structure and powers are defined by a municipal charter.

Document

documentsrecordsrecord
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.

Charter

charter memberCharter of IncorporationBus charter
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town. In the United States, such charters are established either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law, usually after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population.

Municipality

municipalitiesmunicipalmunicipal division
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.

City

citiesUrbanCivil (City)
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Town privileges

town rightscity rightsStadtrecht
Traditionally the granting of a charter gave a settlement and its inhabitants the right to town privileges under the feudal system.

Feudalism

feudalfeudal systemfeudal lord
Traditionally the granting of a charter gave a settlement and its inhabitants the right to town privileges under the feudal system.

Serfdom

serfserfsvillagers
Townspeople who lived in chartered towns were burghers, as opposed to serfs who lived in villages.

Free imperial city

Imperial Cityfree imperial citiesImperial Free City
Towns were often "free", in the sense that they were directly protected by the king or emperor, and were not part of a feudal fief.

Fief

fiefdomfeeseigneurie
Towns were often "free", in the sense that they were directly protected by the king or emperor, and were not part of a feudal fief.

The Crown

British CrownCrownAustralian Crown
In monarchies, charters are still often a royal charter given by the Crown or the authorities acting on behalf of the Crown.

Province

ProvincialprovincesProvincial Reserved
In federations, the granting of charters may be within the jurisdiction of the lower level of government such as province.

Provinces and territories of Canada

ProvinceCanadian provinceprovincial
In Canada charters are granted by provincial authorities.

Philippine Commission

ActAmerican colonial administrationCommissioner
The Philippine Commission gave the city of Manila its charter in 1901, while the city of Baguio was established by the Philippine Assembly which was composed by elected members instead of appointed ones.

Philippine Assembly

First Philippine Assemblylower houseAssemblyman
The Philippine Commission gave the city of Manila its charter in 1901, while the city of Baguio was established by the Philippine Assembly which was composed by elected members instead of appointed ones.

Commonwealth of the Philippines

Philippine CommonwealthPhilippinesCommonwealth
During the Commonwealth era, the National Assembly established an additional ten cities.

National Assembly of the Philippines

National AssemblyPhilippine National AssemblyAssembly
During the Commonwealth era, the National Assembly established an additional ten cities.

Congress of the Philippines

CongressPhilippine CongressPhilippine Legislature
Since achieving independence from the United States in 1946 the Philippine Congress has established 124 more cities (as of September 2007), the majority of which required the holding of a plebiscite within the proposed city's jurisdiction to ratify the city's charter.