Manslaughter is killing committed in the absence of malice, brought about by reasonable provocation, or diminished capacity.- Murder
In some common law legal systems, provocation is a "partial defense" for murder charges, which can result in the offense being classified as the lesser offense of manslaughter, specifically voluntary manslaughter.- Provocation (legal)
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Manslaughter is a common law legal term for homicide considered by law as less culpable than murder.
The traditional mitigating factor was provocation; however, others have been added in various jurisdictions.
Malice aforethought is the "premeditation" or "predetermination" (with malice) required as an element of some crimes in some jurisdictions and a unique element for first-degree or aggravated murder in a few.
Over centuries, this distinction evolved into an early form of the doctrine of provocation that distinguishes murder from voluntary manslaughter.