A report on Murder

Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder
Aaron Alexis holding a shotgun during his rampage
A group of Thugs strangling a traveller on a highway in the early 19th century.
International murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2011
UNODC : Per 100,000 population (2011)
Lake Bodom murders in Espoo, Finland is the most famous unsolved homicide cases in Finnish criminal history. The tent is investigated immediately after the murders in 1960.
The scene of a murder in Rio de Janeiro. More than 800,000 people were murdered in Brazil between 1980 and 2004.
Intentional homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2009
The historical homicide rate in Stockholm since 1400 AD. The murder rate was very high in the Middle Ages. The rate has declined greatly: from 45/100,000 to a low of 0.6 in the 1950s. The last decades have seen the homicide rate rise slowly.

Unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human with malice aforethought.

- Murder
Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder

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Murder (California)

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The law on the crime of murder in the U.S. state of California is defined by sections 187 through 191 of the California Penal Code.

Homicide (Canadian law)

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Act of causing death to another person through any means, directly or indirectly.

Act of causing death to another person through any means, directly or indirectly.

Murder is the most serious category of culpable homicide, the others being manslaughter and infanticide.

Culpable homicide

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Categorisation of certain offences in various jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Nations which involves the illegal killing of a person either with or without an intention to kill depending upon how a particular jurisdiction has defined the offence.

Categorisation of certain offences in various jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Nations which involves the illegal killing of a person either with or without an intention to kill depending upon how a particular jurisdiction has defined the offence.

There are three types of culpable homicide: murder, manslaughter and infanticide.

Year and a day rule

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Associated with the former common law standard that death could not be legally attributed to acts or omissions that occurred more than a year and a day before the death.

Associated with the former common law standard that death could not be legally attributed to acts or omissions that occurred more than a year and a day before the death.

In English common law, it was held that a death was conclusively presumed not to be murder (or any other homicide) if it occurred more than a year and one day since the act (or omission) that was alleged to have been its cause.

Malum in se

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Latin phrase meaning wrong or evil in itself.

Latin phrase meaning wrong or evil in itself.

For example, most human beings believe that murder, rape, and robbery are wrong, regardless of whether a law governs such conduct or where the conduct occurs, and is thus recognizably malum in se.

The Old Bailey, set on the old fortifications of the London wall, hears Crown Court trials for London. The statute of Lady Justice is meant to symbolise fairness and impartiality.

English criminal law

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English criminal law concerns offences, their prevention and the consequences, in England and Wales.

English criminal law concerns offences, their prevention and the consequences, in England and Wales.

The Old Bailey, set on the old fortifications of the London wall, hears Crown Court trials for London. The statute of Lady Justice is meant to symbolise fairness and impartiality.
An English court room in 1886, with Lord Chief Justice Coleridge presiding
William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress, depicting the world's oldest psychiatric hospital, Bethlem Hospital
Sketch of the Mignonette by Tom Dudley from R v Dudley and Stephens
The architecture of the new International Criminal Court in The Hague

Self-induced automatism can always be a defence to crimes of specific intent (such as murder, wounding or causing grievous bodily harm with intent, theft, robbery and burglary).

Journalist

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Individual that collects/gathers information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and disseminates it to the public.

Individual that collects/gathers information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and disseminates it to the public.

Jamal Khashoggi, killed inside Saudi Arabia's consulate in Istanbul on 2 October 2018
A program director sets the task for TV journalists, 1998.
A reporter interviews a man in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, 2009.
Journalist interviews a cosplayer, 2012.
A reporter interviewing Boris Johnson when he was Mayor of London, 2014
Official tastes the water of a new well in front of journalists in Mogadishu, Somalia, 2014.
Cameraman and journalist who interviews a person in Austria

As of November 2011, the Committee to Protect Journalists reports that 887 journalists have been killed worldwide since 1992 by murder (71%), crossfire or combat (17%), or on dangerous assignment (11%).

Felony murder rule

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The rule of felony murder is a legal doctrine in some common law jurisdictions that broadens the crime of murder: when an offender kills (regardless of intent to kill) in the commission of a dangerous or enumerated crime (called a felony in some jurisdictions), the offender, and also the offender's accomplices or co-conspirators, may be found guilty of murder.

Weregild

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Precept in some archaic legal codes whereby a monetary value was established for a person's life, to be paid as a fine or as compensatory damages to the person's family if that person was killed or injured by another.

Precept in some archaic legal codes whereby a monetary value was established for a person's life, to be paid as a fine or as compensatory damages to the person's family if that person was killed or injured by another.

No distinction was made between murder and manslaughter until these distinctions were instituted by the re-introduction of Roman law in the 12th century.

Aggravation (law)

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Above and beyond the essential constituents of the crime or tort itself."

Above and beyond the essential constituents of the crime or tort itself."

Aggravated assault, for example, is usually differentiated from simple assault by the offender's intent (e.g., to murder or to rape), the extent of injury to the victim, or the use of a deadly weapon.