A report on Murder

Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder
Aaron Alexis holding a shotgun during his rampage
A group of Thugs strangling a traveller on a highway in the early 19th century.
International murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2011
UNODC : Per 100,000 population (2011)
Lake Bodom murders in Espoo, Finland is the most famous unsolved homicide cases in Finnish criminal history. The tent is investigated immediately after the murders in 1960.
The scene of a murder in Rio de Janeiro. More than 800,000 people were murdered in Brazil between 1980 and 2004.
Intentional homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2009
The historical homicide rate in Stockholm since 1400 AD. The murder rate was very high in the Middle Ages. The rate has declined greatly: from 45/100,000 to a low of 0.6 in the 1950s. The last decades have seen the homicide rate rise slowly.

Unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human with malice aforethought.

- Murder
Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder

67 related topics with Alpha

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An excavated tzompantli from the Templo Mayor in modern-day Mexico City

Human sacrifice

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Act of killing one or more humans as part of a ritual, which is usually intended to please or appease gods, a human ruler, an authoritative/priestly figure or spirits of dead ancestors, and/or as a retainer sacrifice, wherein a monarch's servants are killed in order for them to continue to serve their master in the next life.

Act of killing one or more humans as part of a ritual, which is usually intended to please or appease gods, a human ruler, an authoritative/priestly figure or spirits of dead ancestors, and/or as a retainer sacrifice, wherein a monarch's servants are killed in order for them to continue to serve their master in the next life.

An excavated tzompantli from the Templo Mayor in modern-day Mexico City
Hawaiian sacrifice, from Jacques Arago's account of Freycinet's travels around the world from 1817 to 1820
18th century depiction of the Moloch idol (Der Götze Moloch mit 7 Räumen oder Capellen. "The idol Moloch with seven chambers or chapels"), from Johann Lund's Die Alten Jüdischen Heiligthümer (1711, 1738)
The mythological sacrifice of Polyxena by the triumphant Greeks at the end of the Trojan War
The Sacrifice of Iphigeneia, a mythological depiction of a sacrificial procession on a mosaic from Roman Spain
A 19th century depiction of a wicker man
Cimbrian seeresses performing human sacrifice, from Germania by Johannes Scherr.
Fierce goddesses like Chamunda are recorded to have been offered human sacrifice.
A group of Thuggees strangling a traveller on a highway in India in the early 19th century.
Suttee-Wife burning with her dead husband
James Cook witnessing human sacrifice in Tahiti c. 1773
Altar for human sacrifice at Monte Albán
Human sacrificial victim on a Maya vessel, 600–850 CE (Dallas Museum of Art)
Aztec heart sacrifices, Codex Mendoza
Aztec burial of a sacrificed child at Tlatelolco
Mound 72 mass sacrifice of 53 young women
The funeral procession of Tattooed Serpent in 1725, with retainers waiting to be sacrificed
"The Maiden", one of the Llullaillaco mummies, Inca human sacrifice, Salta province (Argentina)
A "Tumi", a ceremonial knife used in Andean cultures, often for sacrificial purposes
Victims for sacrifice - from The history of Dahomy, an inland Kingdom of Africa, 1793
An angel ends the Binding of Isaac by Abraham – believed to be a foreshadowing of the human sacrifice of Christ (The Offering of Abraham, Genesis 22:1–13, workshop of Rembrandt, 1636; Christian art)

Modern secular laws treat human sacrifices as tantamount to murder.

Murder in German law

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Under the German penal code, Strafgesetzbuch, there are two sections relating to murder:

The 25 countries with the highest intentional homicide rates are generally less populous countries. Rates of the 25 most populous countries are shown in blue.

List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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Typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 30 in a population of 100,000 would mean 30 deaths per year in that entire population, or 0.03% out of the total.

Typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 30 in a population of 100,000 would mean 30 deaths per year in that entire population, or 0.03% out of the total.

The 25 countries with the highest intentional homicide rates are generally less populous countries. Rates of the 25 most populous countries are shown in blue.
The class of violent deaths documented in this article is intentional killing of others outside of war. Deaths occurring during situations of civil unrest are a grey area.
United Nations geoscheme with region names in the UNODC data source used in table here
Map of countries by their most recent available intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 people)

The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.

A parole officer with the Missouri Department of Corrections interviews a drug-related offense probationer

Parole

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Form of early release of a prison inmate where the prisoner agrees to abide by certain behavioral conditions, including checking-in with their designated parole officers, or else they may be rearrested and returned to prison.

Form of early release of a prison inmate where the prisoner agrees to abide by certain behavioral conditions, including checking-in with their designated parole officers, or else they may be rearrested and returned to prison.

A parole officer with the Missouri Department of Corrections interviews a drug-related offense probationer

Many states now permit sentences of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole (such as for murder and espionage), and any prisoner not sentenced to either this or the death penalty will eventually have the right to petition for release (one state – Alaska – maintains neither the death penalty nor life imprisonment without parole as sentencing options).

Arthur William Hodge

Arthur William Hodge

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Arthur William Hodge

Arthur William Hodge (1763–1811) was a plantation farmer, member of the Executive Council and Legislative Assembly, and slave owner in the British Virgin Islands, who was hanged on 8 May 1811, for the murder of one of his slaves.

Volumes of the Thomson West annotated version of the California Penal Code; the other popular annotated version is Deering's, which is published by LexisNexis

California Penal Code

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The Penal Code of California forms the basis for the application of most criminal law, criminal procedure, penal institutions, and the execution of sentences, among other things, in the American state of California.

The Penal Code of California forms the basis for the application of most criminal law, criminal procedure, penal institutions, and the execution of sentences, among other things, in the American state of California.

Volumes of the Thomson West annotated version of the California Penal Code; the other popular annotated version is Deering's, which is published by LexisNexis

187 – Murder

Constitution of the United States

Law of the United States

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Nation's Constitution, which prescribes the foundation of the federal government of the United States, as well as various civil liberties.

Nation's Constitution, which prescribes the foundation of the federal government of the United States, as well as various civil liberties.

Constitution of the United States
Members of the United States Congress make federal laws in accordance with the nation's Constitution
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest authority in interpreting the nation's laws and regulations whenever there is a dispute.
Law affects every aspect of American life, including parking lots. Note the citations to statutes on the sign.
The United States Code, the codification of federal statutory law
The Code of Federal Regulations, the codification of federal administrative law
The United States Reports, the official reporter of the U.S. Supreme Court
Volumes of the Thomson West annotated version of the California Penal Code, the codification of criminal law in the state of California
Inside the Boone County Courthouse in Boone County, Arkansas
The Uniform Commercial Code
The Restatement (Second) of Torts, a highly influential restatement of United States tort law

All states have somewhat similar laws in regard to "higher crimes" (or felonies), such as murder and rape, although penalties for these crimes may vary from state to state.

According to legend, a man called Lalli killed Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliö in 1156. The murder of St. Henry by Lalli, painting by Karl Anders Ekman (1854).

Axe murder

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According to legend, a man called Lalli killed Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliö in 1156. The murder of St. Henry by Lalli, painting by Karl Anders Ekman (1854).
A collection of old Australian axes and other cutting tools
Lizzie Borden, about 1890
Police photo of Karl Denke after his suicide by hanging on December 22, 1924 (aged 64)
Funeral for the six victims of Toivo Koljonen on April 4, 1943

An axe murder is a murder in which the victim was struck and killed by an axe or hatchet.

Twenty-six republicans were shot dead by fascists that belonged to Franco's regime at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, between August and September 1936. This mass grave is located in Estépar, a small town in Northern Spain. The excavation occurred in July–August 2014.

Mass murder

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Twenty-six republicans were shot dead by fascists that belonged to Franco's regime at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, between August and September 1936. This mass grave is located in Estépar, a small town in Northern Spain. The excavation occurred in July–August 2014.
The funeral for sextuple axe murder victims in Huittinen, Finland in 1943, committed by Toivo Koljonen

Mass murder is the act of murdering a number of people, typically simultaneously or over a relatively short period of time and in close geographic proximity.

Murder conviction without a body

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It is possible to convict someone of murder without the purported victim's body in evidence.