Muroidea

muroidmuroid rodentmuroidsmuroid rodentsmiceMice, rats and related speciesmouse-likemouse-like rodentsMuridae
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.wikipedia
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Rat

ratsgiant ratSpecies of rat
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.
Generally, when someone discovers a large muroid rodent, its common name includes the term rat, while if it is smaller, its name includes the term mouse.

Mouse

micemurinemouse-like
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.
Generally, when someone discovers a smaller muroid rodent, its common name includes the term mouse, while if it is larger, the name includes the term rat.

Malabar spiny dormouse

PlatacanthomysPlatacanthomys lasiurusspiny dormice
The Malabar spiny dormouse (Platacanthomys lasiurus) is a species of muroid rodent endemic to the Western Ghats of India.

Spalacidae

spalacidmole ratsmole-rat
The Spalacidae, or spalacids, are a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea.

Eumuroida

nonburrowing formsother Muroidea
The Eumuroida are a clade defined in 2004 by Steppan et al. to describe a group of muroid rodents.

Platacanthomyidae

PlatacanthomyinaeOriental dormice
Although Platacanthomyidae was not analyzed by Jansa & Weksler (2004), a study by Fabre et al. 2012 suggests that it is the most basal lineage of Muroidea.
In spite of their appearance, these animals are not true dormice, but are part of the large and complex superfamily Muroidea.

Rodent

rodentsRodentiaRodentia indet.
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.
The movements of the large superfamily Muroidea (including hamsters, gerbils, true mice and rats) may have involved up to seven colonizations of Africa, five of North America, four of Southeast Asia, two of South America and up to ten of Eurasia.

Nesomyidae

nesomyidnesomyids
The Nesomyidae are a family of African rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea.

Rhizomyinae

Rhizomyidaerhyzomyines
The subfamily is grouped with the Spalacinae and the Myospalacinae into a family of fossorial muroid rodents basal to the other Muroidea.

Dendromurinae

climbing miceAfrican climbing miceclimbing mouse
Dendromurinae is a subfamily of rodents in the family Nesomyidae and superfamily Muroidea.

Vole

volesfield micefield mouse
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.

Spalax

SpalacinaeNannospalaxblind mole rat
Other authors group all members of the superfamily Muroidea into a single family, Muridae.

Pouched rat

Cricetomyinaepouched rats
They are members of the family Nesomyidae, which contains other African muroids such as climbing mice, Malagasy mice, and the white-tailed rat.

Mouse-like hamster

CalomyscidaeCalomyscusCalomyscinae
The mouse-like hamsters are not true hamsters, but represent an early split from the rest of the mouse-like rodents.

Zokor

MyospalacinaeZokors
It appears as if one of the first important evolutionary splits in muroid rodents is between burrowing forms and nonburrowing forms.

Cricetidae

cricetidcricetidsMicrotine rodents
The Cricetidae are a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea.

Arvicolinae

arvicolineArvicolidaevoles
Some authorities place the subfamily Arvicolinae in the family Muridae along with all other members of the superfamily Muroidea.

Dendromus

African climbing miceclimbing mousetree mice
Unlike most other muroids, these mice have only three fingers on each hand.

Nesomyinae

Malagasy miceMalagasy mice and ratsMalagasy rats and mice
These rodents are clearly most closely related to some muroid rodents found on the African mainland.

Lemming

Lemmingsbrown lemmingDiscrotonyx torquatus
Lemmings make up the subfamily Arvicolinae (also known as Microtinae) together with voles and muskrats, which form part of the superfamily Muroidea, which also includes rats, mice, hamsters, and gerbils.

New World rats and mice

New World miceNew World mouseCricetid
They represent one of the few examples of muroid rodents (along with the voles) in North America, and the only example of muroid rodents to have made it into South America.

Hamster

Cricetinaehamsterscricetine
The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives.
Taxonomists generally disagree about the most appropriate placement of the subfamily Cricetinae within the superfamily Muroidea.

White-tailed rat

MystromyinaeMystromysMystromys albicaudatus
The subfamily Mystromyinae is sometimes placed within the family Muridae along with all other subfamilies of muroids.

Togo mouse

LeimacomysLeimacomyinaeLeimacomys buettneri
The Togo mouse (Leimacomys buettneri), also known as BĂŒttner's African forest mouse or the groove-toothed forest mouse, is a unique muroid rodent known from only two specimens taken from near the type locality of Bismarckburg, near Yege, Togo, in 1890.

Murinae

murineOld World ratsOld World rats and mice
The murines have a distinctive molar pattern that involves three rows of cusps instead of two, the primitive pattern seen most frequently in muroid rodents.