Musa × paradisiaca

Musa'' × ''paradisiacabananabananasmusa paradisiacaMusa x paradisiaca
Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.wikipedia
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Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone.
The old biological name Musa sapientum = "Muse of the wise" arose because of homophony in Latin with the classical Muses.

Musa (genus)

MusabananaMusa'' (genus)
Musa × paradisiaca L. = M. acuminata × M. balbisiana – many of the cultivated edible bananas

Musaceae

banana familybanana and plantainbananas

Hybrid (biology)

hybridhybridshybridization
Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L. The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca.

Musa balbisiana

banana treesM. balbisiana
Musa × paradisiaca is the accepted name for the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L. The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca.

Cooking banana

plantainplantainscooking plantain
Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone.

Polyploidy

tetraploidpolyploidtriploid
Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone.

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Linnaeus C
Linnaeus originally used the name M. paradisiaca only for plantains or cooking bananas, but the modern usage includes hybrid cultivars used both for cooking and as dessert bananas.

Synonym (taxonomy)

synonymjunior synonymsyn.
Linnaeus's name for dessert bananas, Musa sapientum, is thus a synonym of Musa × paradisiaca. It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L. The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
It is believed that Southeast Asian farmers first domesticated M. acuminata.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
It is believed that Southeast Asian farmers first domesticated M. acuminata.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
The above-ground part of the plant is a "false stem" or pseudostem, consisting of leaves and their fused bases.

Circumscription (taxonomy)

circumscribedcircumscriptiondefined
It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L. The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca.

Taxon

taxagrouppolytypic
It was later discovered that both of his "species" were actually cultivated varieties of the hybrid between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, which is now called M. × paradisiaca L. The circumscription of the modern taxon M. × paradisiaca thus includes both the original M. paradisiaca and M. sapientum, the latter being reduced to a synonym of M. × paradisiaca.

List of banana cultivars

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See List of banana cultivars for further information on the naming and classification of cultivars.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm

Arnoglossum

conophor oil
Common name Indian plantain despite not being closely related to the common plantain (Plantago spp.) nor to the cooking plantain (Musa × paradisiaca)

Roseomonas musae

R. musae
It was first isolated from a banana leaf (Musa sapientum) from Mattra Island in

Agriculture in Indonesia

AgricultureIndonesia's agricultural ability
Next to rice, the bas-reliefs of Borobudur describe other indigenous agricultural products as well, like banana (musa paradisiaca), coconut (Cocos nucifera), sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum'), Java apple (Syzygium samarangense), jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), durian (Durio zibethinus) and mangosteen (Mangifera indica).