Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
Musa acuminata is a species of banana native to Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Musa acuminata is a species of banana native to Southeast Asia. Most banana cultivars which exhibit purely or mostly Musa acuminata genomes are dessert bananas, while hybrids of M. acuminata and M. balbisiana are mostly cooking bananas or plantains.
Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Musa balbisiana

banana treesM. balbisiana
Many of the modern edible dessert bananas are from this species, although some are hybrids with Musa balbisiana.
It is one of the ancestors of modern cultivated bananas, along with Musa acuminata.

Musa (genus)

MusabananaMusa'' (genus)
Musa acuminata belongs to section Musa (formerly Eumusa) of the genus Musa.
The giving of species names to what are actually very complex, largely asexual, hybrids (mostly of two species of wild bananas, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana) led to endless confusion in banana botany.

List of banana cultivars

AAAAAAAB
Known as saging matsing and saging chonggo (both meaning 'monkey banana'), saging na ligao ('wild banana'), and agutay in Filipino. Found in the Philippines. It is a significant maternal ancestor of many modern dessert bananas (AA and AAA groups). It is an attractive subspecies with blue-violet inflorescence and very pale green unripe fruits. Commonly known as blood bananas. Native to Java. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for the dark red patches of color on their predominantly dark green leaves. They have very slender pseudostems with fruits containing seeds like that of grapes. It is one of the earliest bananas spread eastwards to the Pacific and westward towards Africa where it became the paternal parent of the East African Highland bananas (the Mutika/Lujugira subgroup of the AAA group). In Hawaii it is known as the Mai'a 'Oa', and is of cultural and folk medicinal significance as the only seeded bananas to be introduced to the islands before European contact.
Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Blood banana

M acuminata'' ssp. ''zebrinaMusa acuminata'' subsp. ''zebrina
Musa acuminata subsp. zebrina (Van Houtte) R. E. Nasution Commonly known as blood bananas. Native to Java. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for the dark red patches of color on their predominantly dark green leaves. They have very slender pseudostems with fruits containing seeds like that of grapes. It is one of the earliest bananas spread eastwards to the Pacific and westward towards Africa where it became the paternal parent of the East African Highland bananas (the Mutika/Lujugira subgroup of the AAA group). In Hawaii it is known as the Mai'a 'Oa', and is of cultural and folk medicinal significance as the only seeded bananas to be introduced to the islands before European contact.
zebrina), is a variety of the wild banana Musa acuminata native to Sumatra, Indonesia.

Cavendish banana

Cavendishbananasbanana
The most familiar dessert banana cultivars belong to the Cavendish subgroup.
Cavendish bananas are a subgroup of the triploid (AAA) group cultivars of Musa acuminata.

Musaceae

banana familybanana and plantainbananas
It belongs to the family Musaceae of the order Zingiberales.
It is known today that most cultivated seedless bananas are hybrids or polyploids of two wild banana species - Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

East African Highland bananas

matokematookeibitoke
Commonly known as blood bananas. Native to Java. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for the dark red patches of color on their predominantly dark green leaves. They have very slender pseudostems with fruits containing seeds like that of grapes. It is one of the earliest bananas spread eastwards to the Pacific and westward towards Africa where it became the paternal parent of the East African Highland bananas (the Mutika/Lujugira subgroup of the AAA group). In Hawaii it is known as the Mai'a 'Oa', and is of cultural and folk medicinal significance as the only seeded bananas to be introduced to the islands before European contact.
zebrina) of the wild banana species Musa acuminata.

Luigi Aloysius Colla

Colla
Musa acuminata was first described by the Italian botanist Luigi Aloysius Colla in the book Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino (1820).
In 1820 Colla described two species, Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata, that are the basis for almost all cultivated bananas.

Cooking banana

plantainplantainscooking plantain
Most banana cultivars which exhibit purely or mostly Musa acuminata genomes are dessert bananas, while hybrids of M. acuminata and M. balbisiana are mostly cooking bananas or plantains.
Many are hybrids derived from the cross of two wild species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Latundan banana

Latundanpisang raja
Found in peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. It is the paternal parent of the latundan banana.
It has since been discovered that Musa sapientum is actually a hybrid cultivar of the wild seeded bananas Musa balbisiana and Musa acuminata and not a species.

Gros Michel banana

Gros Michel
Gros Michel banana
Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.

History of agriculture

agricultureagricultural historydevelopment of agriculture
History of agriculture
Banana cultivation of Musa acuminata, including hybridization, dates back to 5000 BC, and possibly to 8000 BC, in Papua New Guinea.

Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia

canoe plantscanoe plantoriginal major crops
Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia
They hybridized with other (possibly independently domesticated) subspecies of Musa acuminata as well as Musa balbisiana in the Philippines, northern New Guinea, and possibly Halmahera.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
Musa acuminata is a species of banana native to Southeast Asia.

Year

myaMamillion years ago
First cultivated by humans around 10 kya (8000 BCE), it is one of the early examples of domesticated plants.

List of domesticated plants

domesticated plantsdomesticatedplants
First cultivated by humans around 10 kya (8000 BCE), it is one of the early examples of domesticated plants.

Evergreen

evergreen treeevergreen treesevergreens
Musa acuminata is an evergreen perennial, not a tree.

Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
Musa acuminata is an evergreen perennial, not a tree.

Tree

treessaplingarboreal
Musa acuminata is an evergreen perennial, not a tree.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
The trunk (known as the pseudostem) is made of tightly packed layers of leaf sheaths emerging from completely or partially buried corms.

Leaf

leavesaxilfoliage
The trunk (known as the pseudostem) is made of tightly packed layers of leaf sheaths emerging from completely or partially buried corms.

Corm

cormscorm-scalesGabi
The trunk (known as the pseudostem) is made of tightly packed layers of leaf sheaths emerging from completely or partially buried corms.

Inflorescence

cymeinflorescencescymes
The inflorescence grows horizontally or obliquely from the trunk.

Flower

flowersfloralflowering
The individual flowers are white to yellowish-white in color and are negatively geotropic (that is, growing upwards and away from the ground).