Musaceae

banana familybanana and plantainbananas
Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.wikipedia
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Musa (genus)

MusabananaMusa'' (genus)
In most treatments, the family has three genera, Musella, Musa and Ensete. The genus Musa was formally established in the first edition of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum in 1753 — the publication that marks the start of the present formal botanical nomenclature.
Musa is one of two or three genera in the family Musaceae; it includes bananas and plantains.

Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Cultivated bananas are commercially important members of the family, and many others are grown as ornamental plants. The largest and most economically important genus in the family is Musa, famous for the banana and plantain.
It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.

Ensete

ensetfalse banana
In most treatments, the family has three genera, Musella, Musa and Ensete. In this clearing up of the taxonomy, Ernest Entwistle Cheesman in 1947 revived the genus name Ensete which had been published in 1862, by Horaninow, but had not been accepted.
It is one of the two genera in the banana family, Musaceae, and includes the false banana or enset (E. ventricosum), an economically important food crop in Ethiopia.

Strelitziaceae

Bird of Paradise family
Older circumscriptions of the family commonly included the genera now included in Heliconiaceae and Strelitziaceae.
The Strelitziaceae comprise a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, very similar in appearance and growth habit to members of the related families Heliconiaceae and Musaceae (banana family).

Monocotyledon

monocotmonocotsmonocotyledonous
The APG III system, of 2009 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids in the monocots.
Other economically important monocot crops include various palms (Arecaceae), bananas and plantains (Musaceae), gingers and their relatives, turmeric and cardamom (Zingiberaceae), asparagus (Asparagaceae), pineapple (Bromeliaceae), water chestnut (Cyperaceae), and leeks, onion and garlic (Amaryllidaceae).

Zingiberales

Zingiberales sp.zingiberaleans
The APG III system, of 2009 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids in the monocots. Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.
family Musaceae Juss. (3/91 e.g. Musa bananas)

Heliconia

Heliconia bihaiHeliconian flowersheliconias
Older circumscriptions of the family commonly included the genera now included in Heliconiaceae and Strelitziaceae.
The Heliconia are a monophyletic genus in the family Heliconiaceae, but was formerly included in the family Musaceae, which includes the bananas (e.g., Musa, Ensete; ).

APG system

APG1998APG I
The APG III system, of 2009 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids in the monocots.
family Musaceae

APG III system

APG III classification systemAPG III2009
The APG III system, of 2009 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids in the monocots.
Musaceae Juss.

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
It is known today that most cultivated seedless bananas are hybrids or polyploids of two wild banana species - Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
It belongs to the family Musaceae of the order Zingiberales.

Ernest Entwistle Cheesman

CheesmanE. E. CheesmanErnest E. Cheesman
In this clearing up of the taxonomy, Ernest Entwistle Cheesman in 1947 revived the genus name Ensete which had been published in 1862, by Horaninow, but had not been accepted.
Ernest Entwistle Cheesman (21 September 1898 Wood Green - 9 January 1983 Weybridge), was an English botanist noted for his work on the family Musaceae.

Musella lasiocarpa

MusellaMusella'' (plant)
Musella lasiocarpa, commonly known as Chinese dwarf banana, golden lotus banana or Chinese yellow banana, is the sole species in the genus Musella. It is thus a close relative of bananas, and also a member of the Musaceae family.

Musa balbisiana

banana treesM. balbisiana
It is known today that most cultivated seedless bananas are hybrids or polyploids of two wild banana species - Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.

Order (biology)

ordersuborderorders
Musaceae is a family of flowering plants composed of three genera with ca 91 known species, placed in the order Zingiberales.

Wood

heartwoodwoodensapwood
The plants have a large herbaceous growth habit with leaves with overlapping basal sheaths that form a pseudostem making some members appear to be woody trees.

Ornamental plant

ornamental treeornamentalornamentals
Cultivated bananas are commercially important members of the family, and many others are grown as ornamental plants.

Commelinids

commelinidcommelinid monocotscommelinoids
The APG III system, of 2009 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales in the clade commelinids in the monocots.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
In most treatments, the family has three genera, Musella, Musa and Ensete.

Old World

Oldold-worldAfro-Eurasian
All genera and species are native to the Old World tropics.

True plantains

plantainplantainsMusa acuminata × balbisiana
The largest and most economically important genus in the family is Musa, famous for the banana and plantain.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Linnaeus C
The genus Musa was formally established in the first edition of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum in 1753 — the publication that marks the start of the present formal botanical nomenclature.

Species Plantarum

1753Linnaeus (1753)
The genus Musa was formally established in the first edition of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum in 1753 — the publication that marks the start of the present formal botanical nomenclature.