Hall at FAME Recording Studios, 2010
FAME Recording Studios in Muscle Shoals (photograph by Carol M. Highsmith)

Roe Erister "Rick" Hall (January 31, 1932 – January 2, 2018) was an American record producer, songwriter, and musician who became known as the owner of FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama.

- Rick Hall

These are FAME Studios, founded by Rick Hall, where Arthur Alexander, Percy Sledge, Aretha Franklin, Wilson Pickett, Otis Redding and numerous others recorded; and Muscle Shoals Sound Studio, founded by the musicians known as The Swampers.

- Muscle Shoals, Alabama

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FAME Recording Studios in 2010

FAME Studios

FAME Recording Studios in 2010
Rick Hall at FAME Studios in 2010

FAME (Florence Alabama Music Enterprises) Studios is a recording studio located at 603 East Avalon Avenue in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, an area of northern Alabama known as the Shoals.

It was started in the 1950s by Rick Hall, known as the Founder of Muscle Shoals Music.

Franklin in 1968

Aretha Franklin

American singer, songwriter and pianist.

American singer, songwriter and pianist.

Franklin in 1968
Franklin's birthplace, 406 Lucy Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee
Franklin in 1967
Franklin in 1998
Franklin performing in April 2007 at the Nokia Theater in Dallas, Texas
Franklin performs in the East Room of the White House in 2015
Franklin waiting to perform at the White House, in 2015
Franklin and William Wilkerson at the 2011 US Open
Franklin wipes a tear after being given the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 9, 2005, at the White House. She is seated between fellow recipients Robert Conquest (left) and Alan Greenspan

In January 1967, Franklin traveled to Muscle Shoals, Alabama, to record at FAME Studios and recorded the song "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)", backed by the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section.

Franklin only spent one day recording at FAME, as an altercation broke out between her manager and husband Ted White, studio owner Rick Hall, and a horn player, and sessions were abandoned.

3614 Jackson Highway September 2007

Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section

3614 Jackson Highway September 2007
Muscle Shoals Sound - New Location

The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section is a group of American session musicians based in the northern Alabama town of Muscle Shoals.

Over the years from 1962 to 1969, there have been two successive groups under the name "Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section" and the common factor in the two was an association with Rick Hall at FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals.

Original studios at 3614 Jackson Highway, Sheffield

Muscle Shoals Sound Studio

American recording studio in Sheffield, Alabama, formed in 1969 by four session musicians known as The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section.

American recording studio in Sheffield, Alabama, formed in 1969 by four session musicians known as The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section.

Original studios at 3614 Jackson Highway, Sheffield
1979-2005 location, 1000 Alabama Avenue in Sheffield, Alabama (34.77°N, -87.7067°W)
The 1979-2005 location, now the home of Cypress Moon Studios

They had left nearby FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals to create their own recording facility.

The four founders of the studio, Barry Beckett, Roger Hawkins, Jimmy Johnson and David Hood, were session musicians at Rick Hall's FAME Studios; they were officially known as the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section but widely referred to as "The Swampers," who were recognized as having crafted the "Muscle Shoals sound" in conjunction with Hall.

Muscle Shoals Theatrical Poster

Muscle Shoals (film)

Muscle Shoals Theatrical Poster

Muscle Shoals (2013) is an American documentary film about FAME Studios and Muscle Shoals Sound Studio in Muscle Shoals, Alabama.

Rick Hall

Shenandoah in July 2008. L-R: Mike Folsom, Stan Munsey, Jimmy Yeary, Jim Seales, Mike McGuire.

Shenandoah (band)

Shenandoah in July 2008. L-R: Mike Folsom, Stan Munsey, Jimmy Yeary, Jim Seales, Mike McGuire.
The original lineup as depicted in Modern Screen's Country Music magazine, August 1994. Top, L-R: Stan Thorn, Marty Raybon, Jim Seales. Bottom: Mike McGuire (left) and Ralph Ezell.
Marty Raybon at CMA Music Festival, June 2010.

Shenandoah is an American country music band founded in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, in 1984 by Marty Raybon (lead vocals, acoustic guitar), Ralph Ezell (bass guitar, backing vocals), Stan Thorn (keyboards, backing vocals), Jim Seales (lead guitar, backing vocals), and Mike McGuire (drums, background vocals).

In 1987, Shenandoah released its self-titled debut studio album, which Byrne and Rick Hall produced.