Music box

musical boxmusic boxesmusic-boxMechanical music boxCylinder Music BoxesDisc Music BoxesmechanicalMusic Box DollMusic Box Slovakiamusic-playing device
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.wikipedia
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Polyphon

In the last decades of the 19th century, however, mass-produced models such as the Polyphon and others all made use of interchangeable metal disks instead of cylinders.
Polyphon is a disc-playing music box, a mechanical device first manufactured by the Polyphon Musikwerke, located in Leipzig, Germany.

Clockwork

clockwork motorclockworksClockwork Doll
They were usually powered by clockwork and originally produced by artisan watchmakers.
The adjectives wind-up and spring-powered refer to mainspring-powered clockwork devices, which include clocks and watches, kitchen timers, music boxes, and wind-up toys.

Player piano

pianolareproducing pianoplayer pianos
At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, most music boxes were gradually replaced by player pianos, which were louder and more versatile and melodious, when kept tuned, and by the smaller gramophones which had the advantage of playing back voices.
These devices were later extended to operate musical boxes, which contain a set of tuned metal teeth plucked by the player mechanism.

Lamellophone

lamellaphoneLamellophonesplucked idiophone
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.

Comb

Afro pickhair combscombs
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.
A comb with teeth of unequal length, capable of producing different notes when picked, eventually evolved into the thumb piano and musical box.

Singing bird box

Mechanical Singing Birdssinging bird
1780: The mechanical singing bird is invented by the Jaquet-Droz brothers, clockmakers from La Chaux-de-Fonds.
From 1816 until 1822 he resided in London working on musical boxes and automata and it was during this period that his son also named Charles Abraham, was born in 1818.

Jukebox

juke boxjukeboxesjuke boxes
These were, in a sense, the precursors to jukebox.
A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.

Antoine Favre-Salomon

1796: Antoine Favre-Salomon, a clockmaker from Geneva replaces the stack of bells by a comb with multiple pre-tuned metallic notes in order to reduce space.
In 1796, he invented a pocket watch with an embedded musical mechanism, which was later recognised as the first "comb" music box.

Sainte-Croix, Switzerland

Sainte-CroixSainte CroixSainte-Croix VD
1811: The first music boxes are produced in Sainte-Croix; an industry which surpasses the watchmaking and lace industries, and rapidly brings renown to the town.
The village of L'Auberson in the municipality is known for its music-box museum, the Musée Baud.

Karlheinz Stockhausen

StockhausenStockhausen, KarlheinzControversy
In 1974–75, German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen composed Tierkreis, a set of twelve pieces on the signs of the zodiac, for twelve music boxes.
In addition to electronic music—both with and without live performers—they range from miniatures for musical boxes through works for solo instruments, songs, chamber music, choral and orchestral music, to a cycle of seven full-length operas.

Book of Ingenious Devices

Kitab al-Hiyalautomatic flute player (and possibly automatic hydropowered organ)
9th century: In Baghdad, Iraq, the Banū Mūsā brothers, a trio of Persian inventors, produced "the earliest known mechanical musical instrument", in this case a hydropowered organ which played interchangeable cylinders automatically, which they described in their Book of Ingenious Devices.
The Banu Musa invented an early mechanical musical instrument, in this case a hydropowered organ which played interchangeable cylinders automatically.

Tierkreis (Stockhausen)

TierkreisZodiac for OrchestraFünf weitere Sternzeichen
In 1974–75, German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen composed Tierkreis, a set of twelve pieces on the signs of the zodiac, for twelve music boxes.
Tierkreis was originally written for music boxes as a component part of a theater piece for percussion sextet titled Musik im Bauch (Music in the Belly), which has been interpreted variously as "a fairy tale for children" or else as "a ritual played out in Mexican Indian scenery".

Cuckoo clock

cuckoo clockscuckoocuckoo-clock
Some have musical devices, and play a tune on a Swiss music box after striking the hours and half-hours.

Oriental Art Center

Shanghai Oriental Art CenterShanghai Oriental Arts CenterShanghai Gallery of Antique Music Boxes and Automata
One of these first music boxes is now displayed at the Shanghai Gallery of Antique Music Boxes and Automata in Pudong's Oriental Art Center.
The Shanghai Gallery of Antique Music Boxes and Automata is located at the SHOAC, displaying over 200 antique music boxes and European automata, including the oldest extant music box in the world, constructed in 1796 by Antoine Favre-Salomon.

Musical instrument

instrumentsmusical instrumentsinstrument
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.

Musical note

notenotesmusical notes
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.

Pin

pinsstraight pindressmaker's pin
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.

Cylinder

cylindricalcylindersrod
A music box or musical box is an automatic musical instrument in a box which produces musical notes by using a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc to pluck the tuned teeth (or lamellae) of a steel comb.

Decorative box

snuff boxsnuffboxsnuff boxes
They were developed from musical snuff boxes of the 18th century and called carillons à musique (French for "chimes of music").

Drum

drumsBass Drumdrummer
Some of the more complex boxes also contain a tiny drum and/or bells in addition to the metal comb.

Bell

bellschimesclapper
Some of the more complex boxes also contain a tiny drum and/or bells in addition to the metal comb.

Watchmaker

watchmakingwatchmakerswatch-maker
They were usually powered by clockwork and originally produced by artisan watchmakers.

Wind instrument

Windwind instrumentswinds
Instead, the cylinder (or disk) worked by actuating bellows and levers which fed and opened pneumatic valves which activated a modified wind instrument or plucked the chords on a modified string instrument.

String instrument

stringsstringstring instruments
Instead, the cylinder (or disk) worked by actuating bellows and levers which fed and opened pneumatic valves which activated a modified wind instrument or plucked the chords on a modified string instrument.