Music publisher (popular music)

music publishermusic publishingpublishingpublisherspublisherpublishing rightsmusic publishersmusic publishing companypublishedpublishing company
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.wikipedia
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Music industry

Musicmusic businessrecording industry
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.
Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music (e.g., music publishers, music producers, recording studios, engineers, record labels, retail and online music stores, performance rights organizations); and those that help organize and present live music performances (sound engineers, booking agents, promoters, music venues, road crew).

Songwriter

songwritingwrittenwriter
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.
Pop songs may be written by group members from the band or by staff writers – songwriters directly employed by music publishers.

Record label

labelmajor labelrecord company
(The other is the copyright on a master recording which is typically owned by a record company) Publishing companies play a central role in managing this vital asset. These royalties are paid to publishers by record companies (through the Harry Fox Agency as well as through American Mechanical Rights Agency in the U.S.).
Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos, while also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists ("artists and repertoire" or "A&R"), and maintaining contracts with recording artists and their managers.

Performance rights organisation

performance rights organizationperforming rights organizationperformance-rights organization
Performance royalties are collected by performance rights organizations such as Pro Music Rights, SESAC, BMI, ASCAP or PRS and are paid by radio stations and others who broadcast recorded music; and are paid by venues, event organizers for live performances of the compositions.
Rights owners – especially independents and newcomers not represented by large publishing companies – criticise the PROs for what they deem to be "mystical" formulas for deciding who gets what share of the total licensing revenue received.

Harry Fox Agency

HFAHarry Fox publishing agencyHARRY-FOX
These royalties are paid to publishers by record companies (through the Harry Fox Agency as well as through American Mechanical Rights Agency in the U.S.).
The Harry Fox Agency (HFA) is a provider of rights management and collector and distributor of mechanical license fees on behalf of music publishers in the United States.

American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

ASCAPASCAP AwardsASCAP Award
Performance royalties are collected by performance rights organizations such as Pro Music Rights, SESAC, BMI, ASCAP or PRS and are paid by radio stations and others who broadcast recorded music; and are paid by venues, event organizers for live performances of the compositions.
As of July 2018, ASCAP membership included over 670,000 songwriters, composers, and music publishers, with over 11 million registered works.

Broadcast Music, Inc.

BMIBroadcast Music IncorporatedBMI Film & TV Awards
Performance royalties are collected by performance rights organizations such as Pro Music Rights, SESAC, BMI, ASCAP or PRS and are paid by radio stations and others who broadcast recorded music; and are paid by venues, event organizers for live performances of the compositions.
It collects license fees on behalf of songwriters, composers, and music publishers and distributes them as royalties to those members whose works have been performed.

Publishing contract

publishing dealpublishingcontract
Through an agreement called a publishing contract, a songwriter or composer "assigns" the copyright of their composition to a publishing company.
In the case of music publishing, the emphasis is not on printed or recorded works.

SESAC

Society of European Stage Authors & ComposersSociety of European Stage Authors and ComposersSESAC Nashville Music Awards
Performance royalties are collected by performance rights organizations such as Pro Music Rights, SESAC, BMI, ASCAP or PRS and are paid by radio stations and others who broadcast recorded music; and are paid by venues, event organizers for live performances of the compositions.
While ASCAP, BMI, & Pro Music Rights distribute all income from performance royalties to their composer and publisher affiliates (less an administrative fee), SESAC retains an undisclosed amount of performance royalty income.

Demo (music)

demodemosdemo tape
Songsharks make their profit not on royalties from sales, but by charging inexperienced writers for "services" (some real, such as demo recording or musical arranging, some fictional, such as "audition" or "review" fees) a legitimate publisher would provide without cost to the writer, as part of their job.
Musicians often use demos as quick sketches to share with bandmates or arrangers, or simply for personal reference during the songwriting process; in other cases, a songwriter might make a demo to send to artists in hopes of having the song professionally recorded, or a publisher may need a simple recording for publishing or copyright purposes.

Songshark

song sharksong sharking
The most unscrupulous type of music publisher is the songshark, who does little if any real "legwork" or promotion on behalf of songwriters.
Songshark is a term for a dishonest music publisher, whose main source of income is the naivete of new songwriters, whom they charge for services a reputable publisher would provide free to their clients.

Song book

songbooksongbookstune book
Music print publishers also supervise the issue of songbooks and sheet music by their artists.
Music publishers also produced printed editions for group singing.

Musical composition

compositionmusic compositioncomposing
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.

Dick James

Dick James MusicDJM
A large factor in the Beatles' breakup was when their publisher Dick James sold his share of Northern Songs, the company they'd formed with him in 1963 (then taken public in 1967, with shares trading on the London Stock Exchange), to Britain's Associated TeleVision (ATV) in 1969.
Dick James (born Leon Isaac Vapnick; 12 December 1920 – 1 February 1986) was a British music publisher and singer, and, together with his son Stephen, founded the DJM record label and recording studios, as well as (with Brian Epstein) the Beatles' publisher Northern Songs.

Murry Wilson

MurryMurry Gage WilsonReggie Dunbar
Brian Wilson and Mike Love of The Beach Boys were crushed to learn that Murry Wilson (father to three of the Beach Boys, Love's uncle, and the band's music publisher) had sold their company Sea of Tunes to A&M Records during 1969 for a fraction of what it was worth – or earned in the following years.
For most of the 1960s, Murry also worked as a music publisher for the band.

Northern Songs

Maclen MusicATV Northern SongsNorthern Songs Ltd
A large factor in the Beatles' breakup was when their publisher Dick James sold his share of Northern Songs, the company they'd formed with him in 1963 (then taken public in 1967, with shares trading on the London Stock Exchange), to Britain's Associated TeleVision (ATV) in 1969.
Northern Songs Ltd was a limited company founded in 1963, by music publisher Dick James, artist manager Brian Epstein, and songwriters John Lennon and Paul McCartney of the Beatles to publish songs written by Lennon and McCartney.

Buddy Holly

Charles HardinBuddy Holly and the CricketsHolly
Rock-n-roll pioneer Buddy Holly split with longtime manager Norman Petty over publishing matters in late 1958, as did the Buckinghams with producer James William Guercio almost a decade later.
McCartney owns the publishing rights to Holly's song catalogue.

Paul McCartney

McCartneyPaulSir Paul McCartney
Losing control of the company, John Lennon and Paul McCartney elected to sell their share of Northern Songs (and thus their own copyrights), while retaining their writer's royalties.
In addition to an interest in Apple Corps and MPL Communications, an umbrella company for his business interests, he owns a significant music publishing catalogue, with access to over 25,000 copyrights, including the publishing rights to the musicals Guys and Dolls, A Chorus Line, Annie and Grease.

Associated Television

ATVATV MidlandsATV Music
A large factor in the Beatles' breakup was when their publisher Dick James sold his share of Northern Songs, the company they'd formed with him in 1963 (then taken public in 1967, with shares trading on the London Stock Exchange), to Britain's Associated TeleVision (ATV) in 1969.
As a side note to ATV's television activities, the company also set up a music publishing division.

History of music publishing

music publishermusic printingmusic publishing
A music publisher does a lot to negotiate the uses and fees for the songwriters and composers on their roster.

Composer

music composercomposedmusic
In the music industry, a music publisher (or publishing company) is responsible for ensuring the songwriters and composers receive payment when their compositions are used commercially.

Copyright

copyright lawcopyrightscopyrighted
Through an agreement called a publishing contract, a songwriter or composer "assigns" the copyright of their composition to a publishing company.

Royalty payment

royaltiesroyaltyroyalty payments
Performance royalties are collected by performance rights organizations such as Pro Music Rights, SESAC, BMI, ASCAP or PRS and are paid by radio stations and others who broadcast recorded music; and are paid by venues, event organizers for live performances of the compositions. In return, the company licenses compositions, helps monitor where compositions are used, collects royalties and distributes them to the composers.

Musician

recording artistartistsartist
They also secure commissions for music and promote existing compositions to recording artists, film and television.

Intellectual property

intellectual property rightsIPintellectual property law
The copyrights owned and administered by publishing companies are one of the most important forms of intellectual property in the music industry.