Music therapy

music therapistmusic therapistssound healingsound therapytherapyMelodic intonation therapyneurologic music therapyreceptive music therapymusichealing properties of music
Music therapy is an evidence-based clinical use of musical interventions to improve clients' quality of life.wikipedia
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Clive Robbins

Clive Robbins, a special educator, partnered with Nordoff for over 17 years in the exploration and research of music's effects on disabled children—first in the UK, and then in the US in the 1950s and 60s.
was a British music therapist, Special Needs educator, anthroposophist and co-founder of Nordoff-Robbins music therapy.

Brainwave entrainment

Brainwave synchronizationentrainmentBWE
Some common music therapy practices include developmental work (communication, motor skills, etc.) with individuals with special needs, songwriting and listening in reminiscence, orientation work with the elderly, processing and relaxation work, and rhythmic entrainment for physical rehabilitation in stroke victims.
These findings have contributed to the development of neurologic music therapy, which uses music and song as an active and receptive intervention, to contribute to the treatment and management of disorders characterized by impairment to parts of the brain and central nervous system, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer's disease, and autism.

Guided imagery

Guided Affective Imageryvisualizationimagery
Guided imagery refers to a technique used in natural and alternative medicine that involves using mental imagery to help with the physiological and psychological ailments of patients.
The therapeutic use of guided imagery, as part of a multimodal treatment plan incorporating other suitable methods, such as guided meditation, receptive music therapy, and relaxation techniques, as well as physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychotherapy, aims to educate the patient in altering their mental imagery, replacing images that compound pain, recollect and reconstruct distressing events, intensify feelings of hopelessness, or reaffirm debilitation, with those that emphasize physical comfort, functional capacity, mental equanimity, and optimism.

Oliver Sacks

Oliver SachsOliver Wolf SacksDr. Oliver Sacks
Neurologist Oliver Sacks, author of Musicophilia: Tales of music and the Brain, studied neurological oddities in people, trying to understand how the brain works.
The IMNF again bestowed a Music Has Power Award on him in 2006 to commemorate "his 40 years at Beth Abraham and honour his outstanding contributions in support of music therapy and the effect of music on the human brain and mind".

Capilano University

Capilano CollegeCapilano BluesCapilano
Canada's first music therapy training program was founded in 1976, at Capilano College (now Capilano University) in North Vancouver, by Nancy McMaster and Carolyn Kenny.
Capilano offered its first bachelor degree, a collaborative degree in music therapy with the British Columbia Open University in 1990 with a second music degree in jazz studies being established in 1992.

Aphasia

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Neurological impairments following a brain injury can be in the form of apraxia – loss to perform purposeful movements, dysarthria, muscle control disturbances (due to damage of the central nervous system), aphasia (defect in expression causing distorted speech), or language comprehension.
Melodic intonation therapy is used to treat non-fluent aphasia and has proved to be effective in some cases.

Music psychology

music cognitionpsychology of musicmusic perception
Music psychology is a field of research with practical relevance for many areas, including music performance, composition, education, criticism, and therapy, as well as investigations of human attitude, skill, performance, intelligence, creativity, and social behavior.

Grieg Academy

GriegakademietBergen Music ConservatoryBergen Musikkonservatorium
Its two major research centers are the Center for Music and Health with the Norwegian Academy of Music in Oslo, and the Grieg Academy Centre for Music Therapy (GAMUT), at University of Bergen.
The department's music therapy program, Grieg Academy Center for Music Therapy (GAMUT) is especially well-known, and attracts many postgraduate students and funding for PhD research projects.

Al-Farabi

FarabiAlfarabiAl Farabi
The Turco-Persian psychologist and music theorist al-Farabi (872–950), known as Alpharabius in Europe, dealt with music therapy in his treatise Meanings of the Intellect, in which he discussed the therapeutic effects of music on the soul.
He also wrote a treatise on the Meanings of the Intellect, which dealt with music therapy and discussed the therapeutic effects of music on the soul.

Psychoanalysis and music

Music therapy, too, has utilized psychoanalytic theories.

Music

audiomusicalPop
Music has been used as a healing implement for centuries.
In addition to its focus on fundamental perceptions and cognitive processes, music psychology is a field of research with practical relevance for many areas, including music performance, composition, education, criticism, and therapy, as well as investigations of human aptitude, skill, intelligence, creativity, and social behavior.

Music as a coping strategy

Rather than focusing on the stressor itself, music therapy is typically geared towards reducing or eliminating the emotions that arise in response to stress.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapistpsychotherapeutictherapy
Norway's main contribution to the field is mostly in the area of "community music therapy", which tends to be as much oriented toward social work as individual psychotherapy, and music therapy research from this country uses a wide variety of methods to examine diverse methods across an array of social contexts, including community centers, medical clinics, retirement homes, and prisons.
This includes the modalities dance therapy, drama therapy, art therapy, music therapy, writing therapy, among others.

Expressive therapies

expressive therapycreative arts therapiescreative therapy
The expressive therapies are the use of the creative arts as a form of therapy, including the distinct disciplines expressive arts therapy and the creative arts therapies (art therapy, dance/movement therapy, drama therapy, music therapy, poetry therapy, and psychodrama).

Biomusicology

biomusicologicalbiomusicologistscomputational
Applied biomusicology "attempts to provide biological insight into such things as the therapeutic uses of music in medical and psychological treatment; widespread use of music in the audiovisual media such as film and television; the ubiquitous presence of music in public places and its role in influencing mass behavior; and the potential use of music to function as a general enhancer of learning."

Psychoacoustics

psychoacousticpsychoacoustic modelperceptual coding
Psychoacoustics includes topics and studies that are relevant to music psychology and music therapy.

Eloise (psychiatric hospital)

EloiseEloise hospital complexEloise Infirmary
Musician Horace Flinders was also a patient, and received music therapy.

Musical improvisation

improvisationimprovised musicimprovised
These experiences include improvisation, re-creation, composition, receptive methods, and discussion of music.

Songwriter

songwritingwrittenwriter
Some common music therapy practices include developmental work (communication, motor skills, etc.) with individuals with special needs, songwriting and listening in reminiscence, orientation work with the elderly, processing and relaxation work, and rhythmic entrainment for physical rehabilitation in stroke victims.

Psychological stress

stressstressfulmental stress
Music therapists use their techniques to help their patients in many areas, ranging from stress relief before and after surgeries to neuropathologies such as Alzheimer's disease.

Neuropathology

neuropathologistneuropathologicalneuropathologies
Music therapists use their techniques to help their patients in many areas, ranging from stress relief before and after surgeries to neuropathologies such as Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's disease

AlzheimerAlzheimer’s diseaseAlzheimer disease
Music therapists use their techniques to help their patients in many areas, ranging from stress relief before and after surgeries to neuropathologies such as Alzheimer's disease.