Muslin

mousselineSindonDhakai muslinJamdani muslinmuslin clothsheeting
Muslin ( or ), also mousseline or Malmal, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.wikipedia
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Cotton

cotton woolcotton industrycotton fiber
Muslin ( or ), also mousseline or Malmal, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.
The largest manufacturing industry in the Mughal Empire was cotton textile manufacturing, which included the production of piece goods, calicos, and muslins, available unbleached and in a variety of colours.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
Muslins were imported into Europe from the Bengal region, specifically from the central areas of current day Bangladesh, during much of the 17th and 18th centuries and were later manufactured in Scotland and England. While English-speakers call it muslin because Europeans believed it originated in the Iraqi city of Mosul, its origins are now thought to have been farther east — in particular Dhaka, the capital of what is now Bangladesh.
Mughal Bengal attracted foreign traders for its muslin and silk goods, and the Armenians were a notable merchant community.

Jamdani

Dhakai JamdaniJamdani technique
Dhaka’s jamdani muslin, with its distinctive patterns woven in layer by layer, was one of the Mughal Empire’s most prestigious and lucrative exports. In 2013, the traditional art of weaving Jamdani muslin in Bangladesh was included in the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
Jamdani is a fine muslin textile of Bengal, produced for centuries in South Rupshi of Narayanganj district in Bangladesh.

Dhaka

DaccaDhaka, BangladeshDhaka City
While English-speakers call it muslin because Europeans believed it originated in the Iraqi city of Mosul, its origins are now thought to have been farther east — in particular Dhaka, the capital of what is now Bangladesh. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Mughal Bengal emerged as the foremost muslin exporter in the world, with Mughal Dhaka as capital of the worldwide muslin trade.
The city was a center of the worldwide muslin, cotton and jute industries, with 80,000 skilled weavers.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengal, IndiaBengali
Muslins were imported into Europe from the Bengal region, specifically from the central areas of current day Bangladesh, during much of the 17th and 18th centuries and were later manufactured in Scotland and England.
Under Mughal rule, Bengal was a center of the worldwide muslin and silk trades.

Machilipatnam

MasulipatamMasulipatnamBandar
During the Roman period, muslin was the foremost export of Masulipatam, in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Muslin was traded by ancient Greeks from the town and the word muslin originated from the name Maisolos.

Mughal Empire

MughalMughalsMughal India
Dhaka’s jamdani muslin, with its distinctive patterns woven in layer by layer, was one of the Mughal Empire’s most prestigious and lucrative exports. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Mughal Bengal emerged as the foremost muslin exporter in the world, with Mughal Dhaka as capital of the worldwide muslin trade.
The largest manufacturing industry in the Mughal Empire was textile manufacturing, particularly cotton textile manufacturing, which included the production of piece goods, calicos, and muslins, available unbleached and in a variety of colours.

Khadi

KhādīKhaddarcoarse sheeting
It is made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting.
In the 6th century a local variation of Khadi cloth was described by Huen Tsang of China and Marco Polo in the 12th century AD describes a fabrics, most probably khadi Muslin in the Bengal region to be as fine as the spider's web.

Bengal Subah

Mughal BengalBengalMughal
During the 17th and 18th centuries, Mughal Bengal emerged as the foremost muslin exporter in the world, with Mughal Dhaka as capital of the worldwide muslin trade.
Dhaka emerged as the commercial capital of the Mughal Empire, given that it was the centre for the empire's largest exports: cotton muslin textiles.

Plain weave

plain wovenplain-wovenplain
Muslin ( or ), also mousseline or Malmal, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.
Its uses range from heavy and coarse canvas and blankets made of thick yarns to the lightest and finest cambries and muslins made in extremely fine yarns.

Pudding cloth

clothcloth bagfloured cloth
Muslin is the material for the traditional cloth wrapped around a Christmas pudding.
A pudding cloth is a culinary utensil similar to a cheesecloth or muslin.

Muslin trade in Bengal

Bengali muslinmuslinBengali Muslim
Muslin, a cotton fabric of plain weave, was hand woven in the region around Dhaka, Bengal (now Bangladesh), and exported to Europe, the Middle East, and other markets, for much of the 17th and 18th centuries.

Sewing

seamstresssewnsew
When sewing clothing, a dressmaker may test the fit of a garment, using an inexpensive muslin fabric before cutting pieces from expensive fabric, thereby avoiding potential costly mistakes.
Before work is started on the final garment, test garments may be made, sometimes referred to as muslins.

Sonargaon

Sonargaon-Panam CityPanamPanam City
The 16th-century English traveler Ralph Fitch lauded the muslin he saw in Sonargaon.
Sonargaon was an ancient center of muslin production and textile manufacturing.

Chroma key

green screenbluescreengreenscreen
In video production as well, muslin is used as a cheap greenscreen or bluescreen, either pre-colored or painted with latex paint (diluted with water).

Textile

textilesfabriccloth
Muslin ( or ), also mousseline or Malmal, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.

Sheer fabric

sheersheerstransparency
It is made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting.

Mosul

Mosul, IraqMusulMossul
While English-speakers call it muslin because Europeans believed it originated in the Iraqi city of Mosul, its origins are now thought to have been farther east — in particular Dhaka, the capital of what is now Bangladesh. Muslin (AmE: Muslin gauze) from French mousseline, from Italian mussolina, from Mussolo ‘Mosul’ (Mosul, Iraq, where European traders are said to have first encountered the cloth).

Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity

Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of HumanityMasterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of HumanityMasterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity
In 2013, the traditional art of weaving Jamdani muslin in Bangladesh was included in the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
In 2013, the traditional art of weaving Jamdani muslin in Bangladesh was included in the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

American English

EnglishAmericanEnglish-language
Muslin (AmE: Muslin gauze) from French mousseline, from Italian mussolina, from Mussolo ‘Mosul’ (Mosul, Iraq, where European traders are said to have first encountered the cloth).

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
In the prehistoric period, a mother goddess figurine from Indus Valley Civilisation appears to be draped in a very thin tight tunic top compared to her skirt which exposes her bosoms which maybe a cloth-like muslin.

Chandraketugarh

Muslin is depicted frequently in terracotta figurines as early as 2nd century BCE in Chandraketugarh, an archaeological site in modern-day West Bengal, India.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Muslin is depicted frequently in terracotta figurines as early as 2nd century BCE in Chandraketugarh, an archaeological site in modern-day West Bengal, India.

Sigiriya

Ancient City of SigiriyaRAF SigiriyaSigiri
In the fifth century Sigiriya painting depicts royal females drapped in muslin.