Mustard procedure

Mustard cardiovascular procedureMustardMustard surgical procedure
The Mustard procedure was developed in 1963 by Dr. William Mustard at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.wikipedia
18 Related Articles

William Thornton Mustard

William T MustardWilliam Thorton Mustard
The Mustard procedure was developed in 1963 by Dr. William Mustard at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
He developed two operations named for him: the "Mustard operation" in orthopedics used to help hip use in people with polio and the "Mustard cardiovascular procedure" used to help correct heart problems in "blue babies," which has saved thousands of children worldwide.

The Hospital for Sick Children

Hospital for Sick ChildrenToronto (Hospital For Sick Children) HeliportSick Kids
The Mustard procedure was developed in 1963 by Dr. William Mustard at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
In 1963 William Thornton Mustard developed the Mustard surgical procedure used to help correct heart problems in blue baby syndrome.

Senning procedure

SenningSenning operation
Dr. Mustard, with support from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, developed an alternative and simplified technique to the Senning procedure which was used to correct a congenital heart defect that produced “blue babies”.
In 1963, Mustard described an alternative technique, the Mustard procedure, in which the atrial septum is excised, and the atrial baffle is created by the placement of a single elephant trunk-shaped patch made of pericardial tissue.

Arterial switch operation

arterial switchJatene operation
The Mustard procedure was largely replaced in the late 1980s by the Jatene procedure (arterial switch), in which the native arteries were switched back to normal flow, so that the RV (right ventricle) would be connected to the pulmonary artery and the LV (left ventricle) would be connected to the aorta.
Use of the arterial switch is historically preceded by two atrial switch methods: the Senning and Mustard procedures.

Transposition of the great vessels

transposition of the great arteriestransposition of great vesselsransposition of the great arteries
The defect is called transposition of the great vessels, or transposition of the great arteries (TGV or TGA).
Mustard Procedure

Toronto

Toronto, OntarioToronto, ONToronto, Canada
The Mustard procedure was developed in 1963 by Dr. William Mustard at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada

Heart and Stroke FoundationHeart & Stroke FoundationCanadian Heart & Stroke Foundation
Dr. Mustard, with support from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, developed an alternative and simplified technique to the Senning procedure which was used to correct a congenital heart defect that produced “blue babies”.

Blue baby syndrome

blue babyblue babiesblue baby operation
Dr. Mustard, with support from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, developed an alternative and simplified technique to the Senning procedure which was used to correct a congenital heart defect that produced “blue babies”.

South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
In his autobiography, South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard claims to have been the first to perform the operation, with Mustard only following 'several years later'.

Christiaan Barnard

Chris BarnardDr. Christiaan BarnardFirst Heart Transplant
In his autobiography, South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard claims to have been the first to perform the operation, with Mustard only following 'several years later'.

Lung

lungspulmonaryright lung
The defect causes blood from the lungs to flow back to the lungs and blood from the body to flow back to the body.

Pulmonary artery

pulmonary arteriespulmonary trunkpulmonary
This occurs because the aorta and the pulmonary artery, the two major arteries coming out of the heart, are connected to the wrong chambers.

Baffle (medicine)

baffle
The procedure employs a baffle to redirect caval blood flow to the left atrium which then pumps blood to the left ventricle which then pumps the deoxygenated blood to the lungs.

Congenital heart defect

congenital heart diseaseheart defectcongenital heart defects
Congenital heart disease

List of University of Toronto alumni

President of the University of TorontoPresident, University of Toronto
William Thornton Mustard (M.D. 1937) – physician and cardiac surgeon, one of the first to perform open-heart surgery, well known for Mustard cardiovascular procedure

University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine

Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoToronto School of Medicine
William Thornton Mustard, class of 1947: pediatric cardiac surgeon, developed the Mustard procedure, a procedure to treat transposition of the great arteries

Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries

complete transposition of the great arteriesd-Transposition of the great arteriesdextro-TGA
When an arterial switch is impossible, an atrial switch will be attempted using either the Senning or Mustard procedure.

Atrial switch

Two variants of the atrial switch operation exist - the Senning procedure which uses the patient's own tissue (pericardium) to construct the baffle, and the Mustard procedure, which uses a synthetic material.