Myanmar

BurmaBurmeseBurma (Myanmar)Republic of the Union of MyanmarMyanmar (Burma)Burma/MyanmarMayanmarBurma (now Myanmar)BirmaBurmese people
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; မြန်မာ ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal to the south.

Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.

Laos

LaotianLao People's Democratic RepublicLao
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
Located at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, Laos is bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southeast, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; မြန်မာ ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
The Bay of Bengal is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and northwest by India, on the north by Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India.

Naypyidaw

Nay Pyi TawNaypyidaw, MyanmarNaypyitaw
Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon).
Naypyidaw, officially spelled Nay Pyi Taw (, formerly known as Kyetpyay, Pyinmana or Kyatpyay, Pyinmana), is the capital city of Myanmar.

Pagan Kingdom

PaganPagan DynastyPagan Empire
In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
The Kingdom of Pagan (ပုဂံခေတ်, lit. "Pagan Period"; also commonly known as the Pagan Dynasty and the Pagan Empire) was the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern-day Burma (Myanmar).

Irrawaddy River

IrrawaddyAyeyarwady RiverAyeyarwady
In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
The Irrawaddy or, officially, Ayeyarwady River (, also spelt Ayeyarwaddy, eventually from Indic revatī "abounding in riches" ) is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar.

Andaman Sea

AndamanAndaman seacoast
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
The Andaman Sea (historically also known as the Burma Sea) is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India and touching Myanmar, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula.

Burmese language

BurmeseMyanmarMyanmar language
In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
The Burmese language (မြန်မာဘာသာ, MLCTS: mranmabhasa, IPA: ) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group.

First Mongol invasion of Burma

Mongol invasionsMongol invasionMongol invasion of Burma
The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged.
The first Mongol invasions of Burma (present-day Myanmar) were a series of military conflicts between Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty, division of the Mongol Empire, and the Pagan Empire that took place between 1277 and 1287.

Mon kingdoms

MonMon KingdomMon King
Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma.
Mon kingdoms were political establishments by the Mon-speaking people that ruled large sections of present-day Burma (Myanmar) at various times in the last 1200 years.

History of Southeast Asia

Southeast Asian historySoutheast Asiahistory
In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia.
Southeast Asia can be studied as two distinct sub-regions: Mainland Southeast Asia (or Indochina), which comprises the modern states of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma) and West Malaysia, and Maritime Southeast Asia (or Insular Southeast Asia), which comprises the modern states of Indonesia, East Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, East Timor, Brunei, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Christmas Island.

Manipur

Manipur StateKangleipakManipuris
The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well.
It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Myanmar (Sagaing Region and Chin State) lies to its east.

Lower Myanmar

Lower BurmaLowerLower Burmese
Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma.
Lower Burma (အောက်မြန်မာပြည်, also called Lower Myanmar) is a geographic region of Burma (Myanmar) and includes the low-lying Irrawaddy delta (Ayeyarwady, Bago and Yangon Regions), as well as coastal regions of the country (Rakhine and Mon States and Tanintharyi Region).

Internal conflict in Myanmar

Internal conflict in BurmaBurmese Civil Warcivil conflict in Myanmar
For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars.
The internal conflict in Myanmar is a series of primarily ethnic conflicts within Myanmar that began shortly after the country, then known as Burma, became independent from the United Kingdom in 1948.

2015 Myanmar general election

2015 general election2015 election2015
In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses.
General elections were held in Myanmar on 8 November 2015, with the National League for Democracy winning a supermajority of seats in the combined national parliament.

2010 Myanmar general election

2010 general election2010 Burmese general election2010 elections
In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed.
General elections were held in Myanmar on 7 November 2010, in accordance with the new constitution, which was approved in a referendum held in May 2008.

Aung San Suu Kyi

Daw Aung San Suu KyiAung San Su KyiAung Sang Suu Kyi
This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions.
Aung San Suu Kyi ( ; born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese politician, diplomat, author, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1991).

1962 Burmese coup d'état

coup d'état1962 coup d'étatmilitary coup
Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.
The 1962 Burmese coup d'état on 2 March 1962 marked the beginning of totalitarian rule and the political dominance of the army in Burma (now Myanmar) which spanned the course of 26 years.

Mainland Southeast Asia

IndochinaIndo-ChinaIndochinese
With a size of 676578 km2, Myanmar is the largest of the Mainland Southeast Asian states by area.
It includes the countries of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Burma Socialist Programme Party

BSPPBurmese Socialist Programme Partymilitary government
Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.
The Burma Socialist Programme Party (မြန်မာ့ဆိုရှယ်လစ်လမ်းစဉ်ပါတီ; ; also Burmese acronyms ) was formed by the Ne Win's military regime that seized power in 1962 and was the sole political party allowed to exist legally in Burma during the period of military rule from 1964 until its demise in the aftermath of the popular uprising of 1988.

Bamar people

BamarBurmeseBurman
In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
The Bamar ; also historically the Burmese and Burmans) are a Sino-Tibetan ethnic group and nation native to Myanmar (Burma) where they are the dominant group.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation

BIMSTECBay of Bengal InitiativeBay of Bengal Initiative for MultiSectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
Myanmar is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement, ASEAN and BIMSTEC, but not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The BIMSTEC member states—Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan —are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.