Myoviridae

myovirus
The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.wikipedia
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Bacteriophage

phagebacteriophagesphages
The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.

Caudovirales

Tailed bacteriophages
The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.
Because of the lack of homology between the amino acid and DNA sequences of these viruses these factors are precluded from being used as taxonomic markers as is common for other organisms, the three families discussed below (Myoviridae, Podoviridae, and Siphoviridae) are defined on the basis of morphology.

Archaea

archaeonarcheaarchaebacteria
Bacteria and archaea serve as natural hosts.

Type species

typesingle speciestype specimen
The subfamily Tevenvirinae (synonym: Teequatrovirinae) is named after its type species Enterobacteria phage T4.

Escherichia virus T4

bacteriophage T4T4T4 phage
The subfamily Tevenvirinae (synonym: Teequatrovirinae) is named after its type species Enterobacteria phage T4.

Firmicutes

FirmicuteendobacteriaFirmacutes
The subfamily Spounavirinae are all virulent, broad-host range phages that infect members of the Firmicutes.

Capsomere

capsomercapsomershexon capsomeres
They possess isometric heads of 87-94 nm in diameter and conspicuous capsomers, striated 140-219 nm long tails and a double base plate.

GC-content

GC contentguanine and cytosine contentG+C content
The GC-content is ~35%.

5-Hydroxymethylcytosine

5-hydroxylmethylcytidine5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC)hydroxymethylated DNA
5-Hydroxymethylcytosine may be present in the genome (instead of thymidine).

Thymidine

deoxythymidineTdeoxythymidilate
5-Hydroxymethylcytosine may be present in the genome (instead of thymidine).

Tectivirus

TectiviridaePRD1
It is similar to Tectiviridae, but differs in the fact that a myovirus' tail is permanent.

Adenosine triphosphate

ATPadenosine triphosphate (ATP)adenosine 5'-triphosphate
Contractions of the tail require ATP.

Lytic cycle

lyticlytic life cyclelytic stage
Although Myoviruses are in general lytic, lacking the genes required to become lysogenic, a number of temperate species are known.

Lysogenic cycle

lysogeniclysogenylysogenic conversion
Although Myoviruses are in general lytic, lacking the genes required to become lysogenic, a number of temperate species are known.

Cyanophage N-1

N-1
Cyanophage N-1 is a myovirus bacteriophage that infects freshwater filamentous cyanobacteria of the Nostoc genus.

T-even bacteriophages

T-Even phageT-even bacteriophage
coli'' phages, are a group of double-stranded DNA bacteriophages from the family Myoviridae.

Tevenvirinae

Tevenvirinae is a subfamily of viruses in the order Caudovirales, in the family Myoviridae.

Viunalikevirus

Viunalikevirus is a genus of bacteriophages in the Myoviridae family.

Bacteriophage Mu

Mu phageMuEnterobacteria phage Mu
Bacteriophage Mu, also known as mu phage or mu bacteriophage, is a mulikevirus (the first of its kind to be identified) of the family Myoviridae which has been shown to cause genetic transposition.

T4virus

T2 bacteriophage
T4virus is a genus of viruses in the order Caudovirales, in the family Myoviridae, in the subfamily Tevenvirinae.

Listeria phage P100

Listeria phage P100 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.

Staphylococcus phage G1

Staphylococcus phage G1 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.

Pseudomonas phage phiCTX

Pseudomonas phage phiCTX is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2like virus.