Myrtus

myrtlemyrtlesMyrtus nivelleiSaharan MyrtleMyrtus communisMirtimyrtle berries
Myrtus, with the common name myrtle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, described by Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1753.wikipedia
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Myrtaceae

myrtlemyrtle familymyrtles
Myrtus, with the common name myrtle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, described by Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1753.
Myrtle, pohutukawa, bay rum tree, clove, guava, acca (feijoa), allspice, and eucalyptus are some notable members of this group.

Myrtus communis

myrtlecommon myrtlemyrtles
Myrtus communis, the "common myrtle", is native across the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia, western Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
For uses, see Myrtus.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Myrtus, with the common name myrtle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, described by Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1753.

Tibesti Mountains

TibestiTibesti MassifToubouland
It is found in a restricted range in the Tassili n'Ajjer Mountains in southern Algeria, and the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad.
Myrtus nivellei and Nerium oleander grow between elevations of 1500 and 2300 m in the western part of the range, while Tamarix nilotica grow at similar elevations in its northern part.

Mortadella

mortadellMortadella Bologna
They contribute to the distinctive flavor of Mortadella sausage and the related American Bologna sausage.
It is flavoured with spices, including whole or ground black pepper, myrtle berries, and pistachios.

Aphrodite

CyprisVenusAphrodite Urania
In Greek mythology and ritual the myrtle was sacred to the goddesses Aphrodite and also Demeter: Artemidorus asserts that in interpreting dreams "a myrtle garland signifies the same as an olive garland, except that it is especially auspicious for farmers because of Demeter and for women because of Aphrodite. For the plant is sacred to both goddesses."
Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans.

Sahara

Sahara DesertSaharanSaharan Desert
Myrtus nivellei, the Saharan myrtle, (Tuareg language: tefeltest), is endemic to the mountains of the central Sahara Desert.
Higher and more regular rainfall and cooler temperatures support woodlands and shrublands of date palm, acacias, myrtle, oleander, tamarix, and several rare and endemic plants.

Shrub

shrubssubshrubbush
The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 m tall.

Bologna sausage

bolognapolonybaloney
They contribute to the distinctive flavor of Mortadella sausage and the related American Bologna sausage.
Typical seasoning for bologna includes black pepper, nutmeg, allspice, celery seed, and coriander, and like mortadella, myrtle berries give it its distinctive flavor.

Tassili n'Ajjer

TassiliTassili N'Ajjer National ParkTassili Plateau
It is found in a restricted range in the Tassili n'Ajjer Mountains in southern Algeria, and the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad.
Because of the altitude and the water-holding properties of the sandstone, the vegetation here is somewhat richer than in the surrounding desert; it includes a very scattered woodland of the endangered endemic species Saharan Cypress and Saharan Myrtle in the higher eastern half of the range.

Lulav

Four Speciesfrondlulav'' (palm)
The etrog or citron is the fruit held in the other hand as part of the lulav wave ritual.
The other Species are the hadass (myrtle), aravah (willow), and etrog (citron).

Topiary

topiariestopiaristclipped in green hedges
Because of its elegance of habit, appealing odour, and amenity to clipping by the topiarius, as much as for sacred associations, the myrtle was an indispensable feature of Roman gardens.
Common species chosen for topiary include cultivars of European box (Buxus sempervirens), arborvitae (Thuja species), bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), holly (Ilex species), myrtle (Eugenia or Myrtus species), yew (Taxus species), and privet (Ligustrum species).

Four species

lulav and etrogarba'at haminimFour Minim
In Jewish liturgy, the myrtle is one of the four sacred plants (Four Species) of Sukkot, the Feast of Tabernacles representing the different types of personality making up the community.

Venus (mythology)

VenusVenus VictrixVenus Erycina
In Rome, Virgil explains that "the poplar is most dear to Alcides, the vine to Bacchus, the myrtle to lovely Venus, and his own laurel to Phoebus."
Myrtle was thought a particularly potent aphrodisiac.

Syzygium

Lilly Pillyrose appleCleistocalyx
Many other related plants native to South America, New Zealand and elsewhere, previously classified in a wider interpretation of the genus Myrtus, are now species within other genera, including: Eugenia, Lophomyrtus, Luma, Rhodomyrtus, Syzygium, Ugni, and at least a dozen other genera.
Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSAIDNSAIDsnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Myrtle's effects are due to high levels of salicylic acid, a compound related to aspirin and the basis of the modern class of drugs known as NSAIDs.
Myrtle leaves were in use by 1500 BCE.

Ugni

Many other related plants native to South America, New Zealand and elsewhere, previously classified in a wider interpretation of the genus Myrtus, are now species within other genera, including: Eugenia, Lophomyrtus, Luma, Rhodomyrtus, Syzygium, Ugni, and at least a dozen other genera.
The genus was formerly often included in either Myrtus or Eugenia; it is distinguished from these by the drooping flowers with stamens shorter than the petals.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Myrtus, with the common name myrtle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, described by Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1753.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Carl von Linné
Myrtus, with the common name myrtle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Myrtaceae, described by Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1753.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth

Evergreen

evergreen treeevergreen treesevergreens
The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 m tall.

Tree

treessaplingarboreal
The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 m tall.

Leaf

leavesaxilfoliage
The leaf is entire, 3–5 cm long, with a fragrant essential oil.