NCR Corporation

NCRNational Cash RegisterNational Cash Register Company4Front TechnologiesNational Cash Register CorporationNCR Corp.National Cash Register (NCR)NCR CorpNational Cash Register Co.National Cash Register Company (now NCR Corporation)
The NCR Corporation, previously known as National Cash Register, and for a brief period known as AT&T Global Information Solutions, is an American technology company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.wikipedia
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Dayton, Ohio

DaytonDayton, OHDayton Ohio
NCR had been based in Dayton, Ohio, starting in 1884, but in June 2009 the company sold most of the Dayton properties and moved its headquarters to the Atlanta metropolitan area in unincorporated Gwinnett County, Georgia, near Duluth.
In 1884, John Henry Patterson acquired James Ritty's National Manufacturing Company along with his cash register patents and formed the National Cash Register Company (NCR).

Automated teller machine

ATMATMsautomatic teller machine
The NCR Corporation, previously known as National Cash Register, and for a brief period known as AT&T Global Information Solutions, is an American technology company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.
Not only did future entrants into the cash dispenser market such as NCR Corporation and IBM licence Goodfellow's PIN system, but a number of later patents reference this patent as "Prior Art Device".

Thomas J. Watson

Thomas J. Watson, Sr.Thomas J. Watson Sr.Thomas Watson
Other significant figures in the early history of the company were Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Charles F. Kettering and Edward A. Deeds.
Watson developed IBM's management style and corporate culture from John Henry Patterson's training at NCR.

John Henry Patterson (NCR owner)

John H. PattersonJohn Henry PattersonJohn Patterson
In 1884, the company and patents were bought by John Henry Patterson and his brother Frank Jefferson Patterson, and the firm was renamed the National Cash Register Company.
John Henry Patterson (December 13, 1844 – May 7, 1922) was an industrialist and founder of the National Cash Register Company.

Carbonless copy paper

carbonlessCarbonless papertriplicate
This became US Patent 2,730,457 and was commercialized as "NCR Paper."
Carbonless copy paper (CCP), non-carbon copy paper, or NCR paper (No Carbon Required, taken from the initials of its creator, National Cash Register) is a type of coated paper designed to transfer information written on the front onto sheets beneath.

NCR 315

NCR-315slabNCR 315-100
In 1962, NCR introduced the NCR-315 Electronic Data Processing System which included the CRAM storage device, the first automated mass storage alternative to magnetic tape libraries accessed manually by computer operators.
The NCR 315 Data Processing System, released in January 1962 by NCR, is an obsolete second-generation computer.

Edward Andrew Deeds

Edward A. DeedsEdward DeedsColonel Deeds
Other significant figures in the early history of the company were Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Charles F. Kettering and Edward A. Deeds.
The National Cash Register Company was headquartered in the same building as the Thresher Company and in 1899, Frederick Patterson invited Deeds to join "the Cash" to strengthen its team.

Charles F. Kettering

Charles KetteringCharles Franklin KetteringC. F. Kettering
Other significant figures in the early history of the company were Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Charles F. Kettering and Edward A. Deeds.
Kettering was hired directly out of school to head the research laboratory at National Cash Register (later known as NCR Corporation).

Cash register

cash registerstillcash till
The company began as the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, was established to manufacture and sell the first mechanical cash register invented in 1879 by James Ritty.
In 1884 Eckert sold the company to John H. Patterson, who renamed the company the National Cash Register Company and improved the cash register by adding a paper roll to record sales transactions, thereby creating the journal for internal bookkeeping purposes, and the receipt for external bookkeeping purposes.

Teradata

Teradata CorporationTeradata version 14Teradata Aster
NCR, along with Teradata Corporation, are the only AT&T spin-off companies that have retained their original name—all the others have either been purchased or renamed following subsequent mergers.
In September 1991, AT&T Corporation acquired NCR Corporation, which announced the acquisition of Teradata for about $250 million in December.

Delco Electronics

DelcoDayton Engineering Laboratories CompanyDelco Electronics Corporation
Deeds and Kettering went on to found Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company which later became the Delco Electronics Division of General Motors.
Initially Kettering and Deeds were co-workers at National Cash Register Company (NCR).

NCR Century 100

Century 100NCR CenturyCentury
The company's first all-integrated circuit computer was the Century 100 of 1968.
The NCR Century 100 was NCR's first all integrated circuit computer built in 1968.

Control Data Corporation

Control DataCDCControl Data Corporation (CDC)
By 1986, the number of mainframe makers had dropped from 8 (IBM and the "seven dwarfs") to 6 (IBM and the "BUNCH") to 4: IBM, Unisys, NCR, and Control Data Corporation.
CDC was one of the nine major United States computer companies through most of the 1960s; the others were IBM, Burroughs Corporation, DEC, NCR, General Electric, Honeywell, RCA, and UNIVAC.

NCR 304

With the General Electric Company (now known as GE ), the company manufactured its first transistor-based computer in 1957, the NCR 304.
The NCR 304, announced in 1957, first delivered in 1959, was National Cash Register (NCR)'s first transistor-based computer.

Think (IBM)

THINKGuide To ThimkingIBM's ''Think'' magazine
Watson then wrote THINK on the easel.
The "THINK" slogan was first used by Thomas J. Watson in December, 1911, while managing the sales and advertising departments at the National Cash Register Company.

General Electric

GEGeneral Electric CompanyGeneral Electric Co.
With the General Electric Company (now known as GE ), the company manufactured its first transistor-based computer in 1957, the NCR 304.
GE was one of the eight major computer companies of the 1960s along with IBM, Burroughs, NCR, Control Data Corporation, Honeywell, RCA and UNIVAC.

Transaction Management eXecutive

TMX
These 5000-series systems were based on Motorola 68k CPUs and supported NCR's proprietary transaction processing system TMX, which was mainly used by financial institutions.
Transaction Management eXecutive or TMX was NCR Corporation's proprietary transaction processing system running on NCR Tower 5000-series systems which were based on Motorola 680xx CPUs.

BUNCH

eight major computer companiesIBM and the Seven Dwarfsits mainframe competitors in the 1960s
By 1986, the number of mainframe makers had dropped from 8 (IBM and the "seven dwarfs") to 6 (IBM and the "BUNCH") to 4: IBM, Unisys, NCR, and Control Data Corporation.
The name is derived from the names of the five companies: Burroughs, UNIVAC, NCR, Control Data Corporation (CDC), and Honeywell.

Joseph Desch

IEEE Joseph Desch Award for Innovation
During the first World War, NCR manufactured fuses and aircraft instrumentation, and during World War II built aero-engines, bomb sights and code-breaking machines, including the American bombe designed by Joseph Desch.
He then followed Williams to the National Cash Register Company in 1938 to form the innovative Electrical Research Laboratory at the direction of Edward A. Deeds, then president of the company.

NCR CRAM

CRAM
In 1962, NCR introduced the NCR-315 Electronic Data Processing System which included the CRAM storage device, the first automated mass storage alternative to magnetic tape libraries accessed manually by computer operators.
CRAM, or Card Random Access Memory, model 353-1, was a data storage device invented by NCR, which first appeared on their model NCR-315 mainframe computer in 1962.

Technology Square (Atlanta)

Technology SquareTech SquareBusiness Building
In early January 2018, the new NCR Global Headquarters opened in Midtown Atlanta near Technology Square (adjacent to the Georgia Institute of Technology).
Chick-fil-A, Delta Air Lines, Coca-Cola, UPS, AT&T Mobility, Boeing, NCR, Panasonic, Georgia Power, Siemens, The Home Depot, Emerson Climate Technologies, Anthem Inc., Stanley Black & Decker, Thyssenkrupp Materials Services, Worldpay Inc., UCB, and KeySight Technologies.

SCSI

SASISmall Computer System InterfaceShugart Associates System Interface
The majority of the System 3000 range utilised IBM's Micro Channel architecture rather than the more prevalent ISA architecture, and utilised SCSI peripherals as well as the more popular parallel and serial port interfaces, resulting in a premium product with premium pricing.
A number of companies such as NCR Corporation, Adaptec and Optimem were early supporters of SCSI.

James Ritty

James
The company began as the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, was established to manufacture and sell the first mechanical cash register invented in 1879 by James Ritty.
John H. Patterson became majority owner in 1884, when the company was renamed The National Cash Register Company.

Bombe

US Navy Bombebombe machineTuring-Welchman Bombe
During the first World War, NCR manufactured fuses and aircraft instrumentation, and during World War II built aero-engines, bomb sights and code-breaking machines, including the American bombe designed by Joseph Desch.
Production of bombes by BTM at Letchworth in wartime conditions was nowhere near as rapid as the Americans later achieved at NCR in Dayton, Ohio.

MS-DOS

DOSMS-DOS 5.0MS-DOS 6.0
They proposed a customized version of MS-DOS named NCR-DOS, which for example offered support for switching the CPU between 6, 8 or 10 MHz speeds.
Microsoft licensed or released versions of MS-DOS under different names like Lifeboat Associates "Software Bus 86" a.k.a. SB-DOS, COMPAQ-DOS, NCR-DOS or Z-DOS before it eventually enforced the MS-DOS name for all versions but the IBM one, which was originally called "IBM Personal Computer DOS", later shortened to IBM PC DOS.