Nagas of Vidisha

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Known from the Puranas, and probably ruled in the first century BCE.

- Nagas of Vidisha

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City in central Madhya Pradesh, India.

Relative locations of the Heliodorus pillar, Besnagar, Vidisha, Sanchi and the Udayagiri Caves.
The inscription 𑀯𑁂𑀤𑀺𑀲 Vedisa (for the city of Vidisha) at Sanchi, Brahmi script, 1st century BCE.
Pataria Jain temples
Pillar in the Bijamaṇḍal with an inscription of Naravarman
Maladevi temple
Capital of one of the pillars of Ashoka, from Udayagiri near Vidisha.
Jain sculpture inside Bajramath temple
Vidisha District Museum.
View of platform No.1
Archaeological plan of the old city of Besnagar
Archaeological layers at Besnagar: the Temple of Vāsudeva in the forefront, and the Heliodorus pillar in the back
Besnagar pottery Period V
Besnagar silver punch-marked coins.
Besnagar Yakshini
Besnagar Kalpadruma
Besnagar Buddhist railings
Besnagar Buddhist railings
Besnagar pillar capitals
View of Heliodorus pillar
Besnagar Ganga statue

The town of Besnagar, 3 km from present-day Vidisha on the west side of the river, became an important trade centre in the 6th and 5th centuries BCE, under the Shungas, Nagas, Satavahanas, and Guptas, and was mentioned in the Pali scriptures.

Nagas of Padmavati

The Naga (IAST: Nāga) dynasty ruled parts of north-central India during the 3rd and the 4th centuries, after the decline of the Kushan Empire and before the rise of the Gupta Empire.

The Nagas shown at their greatest extent, along with the rising Guptas.
Eastern Hemisphere in 200 CE

According to the Puranic texts as well as numismatic evidence, dynasties known as the Nagas also ruled at Vidisha, Kantipuri, and Mathura.


Vindhyashakti ((r.

Ruins of Nandivardhana fort

The Vayu Purana gives Vindhyashakti a fantastically long reign of 96 years, and the Puranic texts refer to Naga kings ruling between the time of Vindhyashakti and his son Pravira.