Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West AfricaNAMNamibiansCulture of NamibiaNASouth-West Africa Namibia German W. Africa
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa.wikipedia
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South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.

Angola

Republic of AngolaAngolanAO
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Zambia

ZambianRepublic of ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

Botswana

MotswanaRepublic of BotswanaBotswanan
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.

Windhoek

Windhoek, NamibiaWindhukWindhoek City
Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Windhoek is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.

Zambezi

Zambezi RiverZambesiZambezi Valley
Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River separates the two countries.
The 2574 km arises in Zambia and flows through eastern Angola, along the north-eastern border of Namibia and the northern border of Botswana, then along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe to Mozambique, where it crosses the country to empty into the Indian Ocean.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (also known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

San people

SanBushmenBushman
Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara and Nama people.
The San or Saan peoples, also known as the "Bushmen" (also Sākhoen, Sonqua, and in Afrikaans: Boesmans, after Dutch Boschjesmens; and Saake in the Nǁng language), are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa.

Walvis Bay

WalvisbaaiWalfish BayWalvisbay
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
Walvis Bay (Afrikaans: Walvisbaai), meaning "Whale Bay", is a city in Namibia and the name of the bay on which it lies.

Ovambo people

OvamboOwamboOvambos
Since then, the Bantu groups, the largest being the Ovambo, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority.
They are the largest ethnic group of Namibia, found in its northern regions and more often called Ovambo.

Apartheid

South Africa under apartheidapartheid in South Africaapartheid South Africa
From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa.
Apartheid (South African English: ;, segregation; lit. "separateness") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s.

South West Africa

South-West AfricaSouthwest Africaoccupation
From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa.
South West Africa (Suidwes-Afrika; Südwestafrika; Zuidwest-Afrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was under South African administration, from 1915 to 1990.

Southern African Development Community

SADCSouthern Africa Development CommunitySADC PF
Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
SADCC was transformed into SADC on 17 August 1992, with the adoption by the founding members of SADCC and newly independent Namibia of the Windhoek declaration and treaty establishing SADC.

Herero and Namaqua genocide

Herero and Namaqua WarHerero genocidegenocide
Between 1904 and 1908 it perpetrated a genocide against the Herero and Nama people.
The Herero and Nama genocide was the first genocide of the 20th century, waged by the German Empire against the Ovaherero, the Nama, and the San in German South West Africa (now Namibia).

Mining in Namibia

mining industrymining industry of NamibiaOtjihase mine
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Mining is the biggest contributor to Namibia's economy in terms of revenue.

Economy of Namibia

economyNamibianational economy
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Although the majority of the population engages in subsistence agriculture and herding, Namibia has more than 200,000 skilled workers and a considerable number of well-trained professionals and managerials.

Penguin Islands

Offshore IslandsPenguin IslandPenguin
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
The Penguin Islands (Pikkewyn-eilande, Pinguininseln) are a historical group of mostly scattered islands and rocks situated along a stretch of 355 km along the coastline of Namibia.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
It was conferred the administration of South West Africa (now known as Namibia) as a League of Nations mandate.

Uranium mining

uranium minesuranium minemining
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Other important uranium producing countries in excess of 1,000 tons per year are Niger, Russia, Namibia, Uzbekistan, China, the United States and Ukraine.

Gobabis

On their way further north, however, the Oorlam encountered clans of the OvaHerero at Windhoek, Gobabis, and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment.
Gobabis is a city in eastern Namibia.

Nama people

NamaNamaquaNamaquas
Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara and Nama people.
From 1904 to 1908, the German Empire, which had colonised present-day Namibia, waged a war against the Nama and the Herero (a group of Bantu pastoralists), leading to the Herero and Namaqua genocide and a large loss of life for both the Nama and Herero populations.

Orange River

OrangeSenqu RiverGariep River
From the late 18th century onward, Oorlam people from Cape Colony crossed the Orange River and moved into the area that today is southern Namibia.
It is the longest river within the borders of Lesotho and the Orange River Basin extends extensively into South Africa, Namibia and Botswana to the north.

Okahandja

Okhandja
On their way further north, however, the Oorlam encountered clans of the OvaHerero at Windhoek, Gobabis, and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment.
Okahandja is a city of 24,100 inhabitants in Otjozondjupa Region, central Namibia, and the district capital of the Okahandja electoral constituency.

Tourism in Namibia

tourismNamibia's major tourist attractionstourism sector of Namibia
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Annually, over one million travelers visit Namibia, with roughly one in three coming from South Africa, then Germany and finally the United Kingdom, Italy and France.

German South West Africa

German South-West AfricaGerman Southwest AfricaSouth-West Africa
In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory, forming a colony known as German South West Africa.
It became independent as Namibia in 1990.