Namibia

🇳🇦Republic of NamibiaNamibianSouth West AfricaNAMNASouth-West Africa Namibia German W. AfricaNamib
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa.wikipedia
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South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is bounded to the south by {{convert|2,798|km|mi}} of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.

Angola

🇦🇴AngolanRepublic of Angola
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Zambia

🇿🇲ZambianNorthern Rhodesia
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It neighbours the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

Windhoek

Windhuk Windhoek, NamibiaAris Quarry
Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Windhoek (Windhuk) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.

Botswana

🇧🇼MotswanaRepublic of Botswana
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.

Zambezi

Zambezi RiverUpper ZambeziZambezi Basin
Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries.
The 2574 km rises in Zambia and flows through eastern Angola, along the eastern border of Namibia and the northern border of Botswana, then along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe to Mozambique, where it crosses the country to empty into the Indian Ocean.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouth Africasouthern African
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

San people

SanBushmanbushmen
Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples.
The San or Saan peoples, also known as the Bushmen (also Sākhoen, Sonqua, and in Afrikaans: Boesmans, after Dutch Boschjesmens; and Saake in the Nǁng language), are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa.

Walvis Bay

WalvisbaaiWalfish BayWalvis Bay, Namibia
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
Walvis Bay (Afrikaans: Walvisbaai), meaning "Whale Bay", is a city in Namibia and the name of the bay on which it lies.

Ovambo people

OvamboOwamboOvambos
Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority.
They are the largest ethnic group of Namibia, found in its northern regions and more often called Ovambo.

South West Africa

South-West AfricaoccupationSouth African rule
From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa.
South West Africa (Suidwes-Afrika; Zuidwest-Afrika; Südwestafrika) was the name for modern-day Namibia when it was under South African administration, from 1915 to 1990.

Mining in Namibia

mining industryMining industry of Namibiauntapped resources
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Mining is the biggest contributor to Namibia's economy in terms of revenue.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
Following the First World War, the Union of South Africa was granted the administration of South West Africa (now known as Namibia) as a League of Nations mandate.

Economy of Namibia

economyNamibia12
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Although the majority of the population engages in subsistence agriculture and herding, Namibia has more than 200,000 skilled workers and a considerable number of well-trained professionals and managerials.

Penguin Islands

Offshore IslandsPenguin IslandPenguin
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
The Penguin Islands (Pikkewyn-eilande, Pinguininseln) are a historical group of mostly scattered islands and rocks situated along a stretch of 355 km along the coastline of Namibia.

Uranium mining

uranium mineuranium minesmining
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Other important uranium producing countries in excess of 1,000 tons per year are Niger, Russia, Namibia, Uzbekistan, China, the United States and Ukraine.

Gobabis

On their way further northwards, however, the Oorlam encountered clans of the Herero at Windhoek, Gobabis, and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment.
Gobabis is a city in eastern Namibia.

Herero people

HereroOvahereroHereros
On their way further northwards, however, the Oorlam encountered clans of the Herero at Windhoek, Gobabis, and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment.
The majority reside in Namibia, with the remainder found in Botswana and Angola.

Orange River

OrangeOranjeSenqu River
From the late 18th century onward, Oorlam people from Cape Colony crossed the Orange River and moved into the area that today is southern Namibia.
The Orange River (from Afrikaans/Dutch: Oranjerivier) is the longest river in South Africa and the Orange River Basin extends extensively into Namibia and Botswana to the north.

Southern African Development Community

SADCSADC PFSADC States
Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
SADCC was transformed into SADC on 17 August 1992, with the adoption by the founding members of SADCC and newly independent Namibia of the Windhoek declaration and treaty establishing SADC.

Tourism in Namibia

tourismNamibia's tourismtourism sector of Namibia
Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy.
Annually, over one million travelers visit Namibia, with roughly one in three coming from South Africa, then Germany and finally the United Kingdom, Italy and France.

Okahandja

On their way further northwards, however, the Oorlam encountered clans of the Herero at Windhoek, Gobabis, and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment.
Okahandja is a city of 24,100 inhabitants in Otjozondjupa Region, central Namibia, and the district capital of the Okahandja electoral constituency.

Cape Colony

Cape of Good HopeCapeGovernor of the Cape of Good Hope
In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.
In the north, the Orange River, also known as the Gariep River, served as the boundary for some time, although some land between the river and the southern boundary of Botswana was later added to it. From 1878, the colony also included the enclave of Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands, both in what is now Namibia.

Nama people

NamaNamaquaDamara
Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples.
From 1904 to 1907, the Germans, who had colonised present-day Namibia, waged war against the Nama and the Herero (a group of Bantu pastoralists), leading to the Herero and Namaqua genocide in which they killed at least 80% of the Nama and Herero populations.

Herero and Namaqua genocide

Herero and Namaqua WarHerero genocidegenocide
In calculated punitive action by the German occupiers, government officials ordered extinction of the natives in the Herero and Namaqua genocide In what has been called the 'first genocide of the Twentieth Century', the Germans systematically killed 10,000 Nama (half the population) and approximately 65,000 Herero (about 80% of the population).
The Herero and Nama genocide was a campaign of racial extermination and collective punishment that the German Empire undertook in German South West Africa (now Namibia) against the Ovaherero, the Nama and the San.