Nanga Parbat

Rakhiot glacier is located on part of the mountain
Nanga Parbat Rakhiot Face from Fairy Meadows
Nanga Parbat & river
Nanga Parbat Rupal Base camp, Gilgit Baltistan
Southwest aspect of the Rupal Face
At 4,100 m (13,450 ft), near the Rakhiot Base Camp
View from Latbo village. For a sense of scale, notice a four-man yellow tent, dwarfed by the peak, near the bottom right. Just above the tent is a large white building.

Ninth-highest mountain on Earth, its summit at 8126 m above sea level.

- Nanga Parbat

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The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)
The 6000 km journey of the India landmass (Indian Plate) before its collision with Asia (Eurasian Plate) about 40 to 50 million years ago
Icefall on Khumbu Glacier
Gurudongmar Lake in Sikkim

Its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of the Indus river.

List of highest mountains on Earth

There are at least 108 mountains on Earth with elevations of 7200 m or greater above sea level.

Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse, while Nuptse is the ridge on the left.
Figure demonstrating the concept of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak's summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col.
1. The summit of Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth
2. K2, the highest summit of the Karakoram
3. Kangchenjunga, the second-highest mountain of the Himalaya
4. Lhotse, the third-highest mountain of the Himalaya
5. Makalu in the Himalaya
6. Cho Oyu in the Himalaya
7. Dhaulagiri in the Himalaya
8. Manaslu in the Himalaya
9. Nanga Parbat in the Himalaya
10. Annapurna I in the Himalaya
11. Gasherbrum I, the second-highest mountain of the Karakoram
12. Broad Peak, the third-highest mountain of the Karakoram
13. Gasherbrum II in the Karakoram
14. Shishapangma in the Himalaya

There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure.

Porter (carrier)

Person who carries objects or cargo for others.

"Men laden with 'Brick Tea' for Thibet" from the personal notations of Ernest Henry Wilson in 1908
Sherpa porter carrying wood in the Himalaya, near Mount Everest
A porter's gear is typically simple but effective. In this example, the load goes into an oversized basket, or doko, which rests against the back. A strap runs underneath the doko and over the crown of the head, which bears most of the weight. Each porter in this region also carries a T-shaped walking stick called a tokma to take some of the strain off the back.
Porters with provisions for the dinosaur excavations at Tendaguru, near Lindi, Tanzania, between 1909 and 1912
A porter in China wearing a dǒulì
An Indian Railways porter
Porters at a ford on the Sakawa River, near Odawara
Nepali porters on Annapurna Circuit
Porter carrying luggage over a pedestrian bridge in Venice
Porter on Mount Kilimanjaro

Amir Mehdi was a Pakistani mountaineer and porter known for being part of the team which managed the first successful ascent of Nanga Parbat in 1953, and of K2 in 1954 with an Italian expedition.

Indus River

Transboundary river of Asia and a trans-Himalayan river of South and Central Asia.

The course of the Indus in the disputed Kashmir region; the river flows through Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan, administered respectively by India and Pakistan
The major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization fl 2600–1900 BCE in Pakistan, India and Afghanistan
Indus River near Leh, Ladakh
Confluence of Indus and Zanskar rivers. The Indus is at the left of the picture, flowing left-to-right; the Zanskar, carrying more water, comes in from the top of the picture.
Fishermen on the Indus River, c. 1905
Skyline of Sukkur along the shores of the Indus River
The Indus River near Skardu, in Gilgit–Baltistan.
Affected areas as of 26 August 2010
Lansdowne Bridge and Ayub Bridge connecting the cities of Rohri and Sukkur in Sindh, Pakistan.
Frozen Indus, Near Nyoma
Indus at Skardu
Indus near Dera Ismail Khan

The 3180 km river rises in Western Tibet, flows northwest through the disputed region of Kashmir, bends sharply to the left after the Nanga Parbat massif, and flows south-by-southwest through Pakistan, before emptying into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi.


Mountain range in Kashmir spanning the borders of Pakistan, China, and India, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

The black gravel of Karakoram mountains, as seen near Pakistan's Biafo Glacier
Hunza Valley in the Gilgit-Baltistan region administered by Pakistan
Highest Karakoram peaks in the Baltoro region as seen from International Space Station
View of the Moon over Karakoram Range in Pakistan

In the last ice age, a connected series of glaciers stretched from western Tibet to Nanga Parbat, and from the Tarim basin to the Gilgit District.


Section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures.

Aerial view of Mont Blanc massif, an example of a massif and also the highest summit in the Alps.
Panorama of Pirin Mountain massif, Bulgaria

Nanga Parbat – Pakistan


The International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation (UIAA) recognises eight-thousanders as the 14 mountains that are more than 8000 m in height above sea level, and are considered to be sufficiently independent from neighbouring peaks.

Locations of the world's 14 eight-thousanders, which are split between the Himalayan (right), and the Karakoram mountain ranges (left)
Flight over Khumbu-region; six eight-thousanders are visible
Comparison of the heights of the Eight-thousanders (red triangles) with the Seven Summits and Seven Second Summits
The 30–highest peaks in the world with over 500. m in prominence.
Reinhold Messner, first to climb all 14 eight-thousanders, and first to do so without supplementary oxygen.
Edurne Pasaban, first woman to climb all 14 eight-thousanders after Oh Eun-sun’s claim was disputed.
Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, first woman to climb all 14 eight-thousanders without supplementary oxygen.
No. 1 – Mount Everest
No. 2 – K2
No. 3 – Kangchenjunga
No. 4 – Lhotse
No. 5 – Makalu
No. 6 – Cho Oyu
No. 7 – Dhaulagiri
No. 8 – Manaslu
No. 9 – Nanga Parbat
No. 10 – Annapurna
No. 11 – Gasherbrum I
No. 12 – Broad Peak
No. 13 – Gasherbrum II
No. 14 – Shishapangma

On a variety of statistical techniques, the deadliest eight-thousander is consistently Annapurna I (one death – climber or climber support – for every three summiters), followed by K2 and Nanga Parbat (one death for every four to five summiters), and Dhaulagiri, and Kangchenjunga (one for every six to seven summiters).


Third highest mountain in the world.

Kangchenjunga and surrounding peaks at sunset from ISS, December 2019
Kangchenjunga map by Garwood, 1903
Southwest (Yalung) face of Kangchenjunga seen from Nepal
Kanchenjunga-north from base camp in Nepal
Painting of Kanchinjínga as seen from the Singalila Ridge by Hermann Schlagintweit, 1855
Sunset on Kangchenjunga, 1905
South face of Kangchenjunga seen from Goecha La, Sikkim at 4940 m
Kangchenjunga seen from Darjeeling War Memorial
A sign board on the last traversable road to Kangchenjunga
First ascent reunion of 1990– front (left to right): Neil Mather, John Angelo Jackson, Charles Evans and Joe Brown and rear (left to right): Tony Streather, Norman Hardie, George Band, and Professor John Clegg.
Kanchenjunga from Tiger Hill at dawn
Kanchenjunga as seen from Gangtok, Sikkim
Five Treasures of Snow
Kangchenjunga seen from Tetulia, Panchagarh, Northern Bangladesh.
East face of Kangchenjunga, from near the Zemu Glacier, Sikkim
View of Kangchenjunga as seen from Darjeeling
North face of Kangchenjunga from Pang Pema, Nepal

It is however, the 4th most prominent peak in the Himalaya, after Everest, and the western and eastern anchors of the Himalaya, Nanga Parbat, and Namcha Barwa, respectively.


Northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

Political map of the Kashmir region, showing the Pir Panjal range and the Kashmir Valley or Vale of Kashmir
Pahalgam Valley, Kashmir
Nanga Parbat in Kashmir, the ninth-highest mountain on Earth, is the western anchor of the Himalayas
Map of India in 1823, showing the territories of the Sikh empire (northermost, in green) including the region of Kashmir
1909 Map of the Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu. The names of regions, important cities, rivers, and mountains are underlined in red.
The prevailing religions by district in the 1901 Census of the Indian Empire
A white border painted on a suspended bridge delineates Azad Kashmir from Jammu and Kashmir
Topographic map of Kashmir
K2, a peak in the Karakoram range, is the second highest mountain in the world
The Indus River system
Large Kashmir Durbar Carpet (detail), 2021 photo. "Durbar", in this context, means Royal or Chiefly.
A Muslim shawl-making family shown in Cashmere shawl manufactory, 1867, chromolithograph, William Simpson
A group of Pandits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the 1890s
Brokpa women from Kargil, northern Ladakh, in local costumes

The Himalayas terminate in the western boundary of Kashmir at Nanga Parbat.

Reinhold Messner

Italian mountaineer, explorer, and author from South Tyrol.

Messner in 2017
Reinhold Messner in June 2002
Location of the eight-thousanders
Reinhold Messner in 1985 in Pamir Mountains.
Rupal face of Nanga Parbat.
Mount Everest north face.
K2 seen from Concordia.
Broad Peak.
Messner's attempt on the summit in 1977 failed on Dhaulagiri's South Face.
Messner Mountain Museum in Monte Rite, Dolomites.

In 1970, Messner was invited to join a major Himalayan expedition that was going to attempt the unclimbed Rupal face of Nanga Parbat.