Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of FranceNapoléon BonaparteNapoleonicBonaparteNapoléonEmperor NapoleonNapoléon IEmperor Napoleon I
Napoléon Bonaparte (, ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.wikipedia
10,812 Related Articles

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
Napoléon Bonaparte (, ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond.

Military career of Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparteseveral successful campaigns
Napoléon Bonaparte (, ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The military career of Napoleon Bonaparte spanned over 20 years.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic WarNapoleonicwar with France
Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrench
He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over much of continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815.
The First French Empire, officially the French Empire (Empire Français; Imperium Francicum), was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

French Directory

DirectoryDirectoireDirectorate
The French Directory eventually gave him command of the Army of Italy after he suppressed the 13 Vendémiaire revolt against the government from royalist insurgents.
The Directory or Directorate (le Directoire) was a five-member committee that governed France from 2 November 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety, until 9 November 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, and replaced by the French Consulate.

French campaign in Egypt and Syria

Egyptian CampaignNapoleon's invasion of 1799French invasion of Egypt
In 1798, he led a military expedition to Egypt that served as a springboard to political power.
The French campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, proclaimed to defend French trade interests, seek further direct alliances with Tipu Sultan, weaken Britain's access to India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.

Coup of 18 Brumaire

18 Brumaire18 Brumaire coup18th Brumaire
He orchestrated a coup in November 1799 and became First Consul of the Republic.
The Coup of 18 Brumaire brought General Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France and in the view of most historians ended the French Revolution.

War of the Third Coalition

Third CoalitionThirdWar of the Third Coalition against France
Intractable differences with the British meant that the French were facing a Third Coalition by 1805.
During the war, France and its client states under Napoleon I defeated an alliance, the Third Coalition, made up of the Holy Roman Empire (in actuality Austria), Russia, Britain and others.

French Revolutionary Wars

French RevolutionaryFrench Revolutionary WarFrench Revolutionary troops
Napoléon Bonaparte (, ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
A hitherto unknown general named Napoleon Bonaparte began his first campaign in Italy in April 1796.

13 Vendémiaire

whiff of grapeshotroyalist insurrection13 Vendémiaire Year IV
The French Directory eventually gave him command of the Army of Italy after he suppressed the 13 Vendémiaire revolt against the government from royalist insurgents.
This battle was part of the establishing of a new form of government, the so-called Directory, and it was a major factor in the rapid advancement of Republican General Napoleon Bonaparte's career.

War of the Fourth Coalition

Fourth CoalitionFourthPrussian campaign
In 1806, the Fourth Coalition took up arms against him because Prussia became worried about growing French influence on the continent.
The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon's French Empire and were defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807.

Grande Armée

La Grande ArméeGrand ArmyFrench Army
Napoleon quickly defeated Prussia at the battles of Jena and Auerstedt, then marched his Grande Armée deep into Eastern Europe and annihilated the Russians in June 1807 at the Battle of Friedland.
The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon I during the Napoleonic Wars.

Corsica

CorseCorsicanCyrnus
He was born Napoleone di Buonaparte in Corsica to a relatively modest Italian family from minor nobility.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born the same year in Ajaccio, and his ancestral home (Maison Bonaparte) is today a significant visitor attraction and museum.

Battle of Austerlitz

AusterlitzAusterlitz 1805Austerlitz campaign
Napoleon shattered this coalition with decisive victories in the Ulm Campaign and a historic triumph over the Russian Empire and Austrian Empire at the Battle of Austerlitz which led to the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
In what is widely regarded as the greatest victory achieved by Napoleon, the Grande Armée of France defeated a larger Russian and Austrian army led by Emperor Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.

Russian Empire

RussiaImperial RussiaRussian
Napoleon shattered this coalition with decisive victories in the Ulm Campaign and a historic triumph over the Russian Empire and Austrian Empire at the Battle of Austerlitz which led to the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south.

Battle of Wagram

WagramWagram 1809victory at Wagram
In 1809, the Austrians and the British challenged the French again during the War of the Fifth Coalition, but Napoleon solidified his grip over Europe after triumphing at the Battle of Wagram in July.
The Battle of Wagram (5–6 July 1809) was a military engagement of the Napoleonic Wars that ended in a costly but decisive victory for Emperor Napoleon I's French and allied army against the Austrian army under the command of Archduke Charles of Austria-Teschen.

Army of Italy (France)

Army of Italyarmée d'ItalieFrench Army of Italy
The French Directory eventually gave him command of the Army of Italy after he suppressed the 13 Vendémiaire revolt against the government from royalist insurgents.
Though it existed in some form in the 16th century through to the present, it is best known for its role during the French Revolutionary Wars (in which it was one of the early commands of Napoleon Bonaparte, during his Italian campaign) and Napoleonic Wars.

War of the Fifth Coalition

Fifth Coalition1809 campaignFifth
In 1809, the Austrians and the British challenged the French again during the War of the Fifth Coalition, but Napoleon solidified his grip over Europe after triumphing at the Battle of Wagram in July.
The War of the Fifth Coalition was fought in 1809 by a coalition of the Austrian Empire and the United Kingdom against Napoleon's French Empire and its allied Allied German states, including Bavaria.

Treaties of Tilsit

Treaty of TilsitPeace of TilsitTilsit
France then forced the defeated nations of the Fourth Coalition to sign the Treaties of Tilsit in July 1807, bringing an uneasy peace to the continent.
The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.

Joseph Bonaparte

JosephJoseph IJoseph Napoleon
Napoleon then occupied the Iberian Peninsula, hoping to extend the Continental System and choke off British trade with the European mainland, and declared his brother Joseph Bonaparte the King of Spain in 1808.
Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, Comte de Survilliers, born Giuseppe di Buonaparte (, José Napoleón Bonaparte; 7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844), was a French lawyer and diplomat, the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808, as Giuseppe I), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).

French invasion of Russia

Russian campaignNapoleon's invasion of RussiaPatriotic War of 1812
The French launched a major invasion of Russia in the summer of 1812.
The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Отечественная война 1812 года) and in France as the Russian campaign (Campagne de Russie), began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian Army.

Battle of Friedland

Friedlandat Friedlandbattles of Friedland
Napoleon quickly defeated Prussia at the battles of Jena and Auerstedt, then marched his Grande Armée deep into Eastern Europe and annihilated the Russians in June 1807 at the Battle of Friedland.
The Battle of Friedland (June 14, 1807) was a major engagement of the Napoleonic Wars between the armies of the French Empire commanded by Napoleon I and the armies of the Russian Empire led by Count von Bennigsen.

Emperor of the French

EmperorFrench EmperorEmperor of France
He was Emperor of the French as Napoleon I from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days.
A title and office used by the House of Bonaparte starting when Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor on 18 May 1804 by the Senate and was crowned Emperor of the French on 2 December 1804 at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, in Paris, with the Crown of Napoleon.

Ulm campaign

Ulm1805 campaignagainst the Austrians
Napoleon shattered this coalition with decisive victories in the Ulm Campaign and a historic triumph over the Russian Empire and Austrian Empire at the Battle of Austerlitz which led to the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
The French Grande Armée, led by Napoleon Bonaparte, comprised 210,000 troops organized into seven corps, and hoped to knock out the Austrian army in the Danube before Russian reinforcements could arrive.

Continental System

Continental BlockadeNapoleonic blockade anti-British policies
Napoleon then occupied the Iberian Peninsula, hoping to extend the Continental System and choke off British trade with the European mainland, and declared his brother Joseph Bonaparte the King of Spain in 1808.
]]The Continental System or Continental Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.