narcissisticnarcissistnarcissistsconversational narcissismnarcissistic personalityself-absorbedAcquired Situational NarcissismMedical narcissismnarcissticNarcissus
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self image and attributes.wikipedia
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Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self image and attributes.
Prior to the 14th century it did not have such narcissistic undertones, and merely meant futility.


Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self image and attributes.
Egotism is closely related to an egocentric love for one's imagined self or narcissism – indeed some would say "by egotism we may envisage a kind of socialized narcissism".

Narcissus (mythology)

Narcissusyouth of that nameeponymous figure from Greek legend
The term originated from Greek mythology, where the young Narcissus fell in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water.
Narcissus is the origin of the term narcissism, a fixation with oneself and one's physical appearance or public perception.

Dark triad

dark triad traitsmore self-admiring, more manipulative, and more psychopathic
It is one of the three dark triadic personality traits (the others being psychopathy and Machiavellianism).
In psychology, the dark triad refers to the personality traits of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy.

Narcissistic personality disorder

The American Psychiatric Association has listed the classification narcissistic personality disorder in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) since 1968, drawing on the historical concept of megalomania.
The narcissistic personality was first described by the psychoanalyst Robert Waelder, in 1925; and the term narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) was coined by Heinz Kohut, in 1968.


It is one of the three dark triadic personality traits (the others being psychopathy and Machiavellianism).
Otto Kernberg, from a particular psychoanalytic perspective, believed psychopathy should be considered as part of a spectrum of pathological narcissism, that would range from narcissistic personality on the low end, malignant narcissism in the middle, and psychopathy at the high end.

Havelock Ellis

Henry Havelock EllisEllis, Havelockeonism
He is credited with introducing the notions of narcissism and autoeroticism, later adopted by psychoanalysis.

Machiavellianism (psychology)

It is one of the three dark triadic personality traits (the others being psychopathy and Machiavellianism).
It is one of the dark triad traits, along with narcissism and psychopathy.

Narcissistic rage and narcissistic injury

narcissistic injurynarcissistic rageNarcissistic wound
Narcissistic rage is a psychological construct that describes a reaction to narcissistic injury, which is conceptualized as a perceived threat to a narcissist's self-esteem or self-worth.

On Narcissism

On Narcissism: An Introduction
Narcissism is a concept in psychoanalytic theory, which was popularly introduced in Sigmund Freud's essay On Narcissism (1914).
It is widely considered an introduction to Freud's theories of narcissism.

Healthy narcissism

entitlementhealthy self-love
Except in the sense of primary narcissism or healthy self-love, narcissism is usually considered a problem in a person's or group's relationships with self and others.
Ronnie Solan uses the metaphor of narcissism as an emotional-immune system for safeguarding the familiarity and the well-being of the individual against invasion by foreign sensations (1998) and small differences (Freud 1929–1930).

Narcissistic supply

admirationattendance on her leavesupplies
The narcissistic manager will have two main sources of narcissistic supply: inanimate – status symbols like company cars, company-issued smartphone or prestigious offices with window views; and animate – flattery and attention from colleagues and subordinates.
Building on Freud's concept of narcissistic satisfaction and on the work of his colleague the psychoanalyst Karl Abraham, Fenichel highlighted the narcissistic need in early development for supplies to enable young children to maintain a sense of mental equilibrium.

Narcissistic parent

narcissistic parentsnarcissistic fathertheir children
Narcissistic abuse was originally just defined as a specific form of emotional abuse of children by narcissistic parents – parents who require the child to give up their own wants and feelings in order to serve the parent's needs for esteem.
A narcissistic parent is a parent affected by narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder.


The child has a megalomaniac omnipotence of thought; the parents stimulate that feeling because in their child they see the things that they have never reached themselves.
In some narcissists, the 'period of primary narcissism which subjectively did not need any objects and was entirely independent...may be retained or regressively regained..."omnipotent" behavior'.


They are often driven by feelings of shame and guilt, conscious or unconscious.
It has been suggested that narcissism in adults is related to defenses against shame and that narcissistic personality disorder is connected to shame as well.

Otto F. Kernberg

Otto KernbergKernbergOtto Friedmann Kernberg
The clinical theorists Kernberg, Kohut and Theodore Millon all saw pathological narcissism as a possible outcome in response to unempathic and inconsistent early childhood interactions.
His principal contributions have been in the fields of narcissism, object relations theory and personality disorders.


interdependent culturesself enhancement
Participants were measured on both a comparative and a non-comparative self-enhancement strategy.
Narcissism is an exemplification of extreme candid self-enhancement.

Personality disorder

personality disorderspersonalitycluster A
There are several ongoing controversies within narcissism literature, namely: whether narcissism is healthy or unhealthy; a personality disorder; a discrete or continuous variable; defensive or offensive; the same across genders; the same across cultures; and changeable or unchangeable.


self-worthself-respectself esteem
Self-esteem works as a mediator between narcissism and psychological health.
Narcissism is a disposition people may have that represents an excessive love for one's self.

The Culture of Narcissism

culture of narcissismThe Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing ExpectationsThe Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations
In The Culture of Narcissism, Christopher Lasch defines a narcissistic culture as one where every activity and relationship is defined by the hedonistic need to acquire the symbols of wealth, this becoming the only expression of rigid, yet covert, social hierarchies.
The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations is a 1979 book by the cultural historian Christopher Lasch, in which the author explores the roots and ramifications of the normalizing of pathological narcissism in 20th-century American culture using psychological, cultural, artistic and historical synthesis.

Minimisation (psychology)

On the other hand, one technique used by Alfred Adler to combat neurosis was to minimise the excessive significance the neurotic attaches to his own symptoms —the narcissistic gains derived from pride in one's own illness.

Narcissus (plant)

In Black Narcissus, Rumer Godden describes the disorientation of English nuns in the Indian Himalayas, and gives the plant name an unexpected twist, alluding both to narcissism and the effect of the perfume Narcisse Noir (Caron) on others.

James F. Masterson

Masterson, James F.Masterson
In 1993, James F. Masterson proposed two categories for pathological narcissism, exhibitionist and closet.
In 1993, Masterson proposed two categories for pathological narcissism, "exhibitionist" and "closet".

Karen Horney

HorneyK.HorneyKaren Danielsan
Karen Horney saw the narcissistic personality as a temperament trait molded by a certain kind of early environment.
(Horney had previously focused on the psychiatric concept of narcissism in a book published in 1939, New Ways in Psychoanalysis).


entitlementsentitledentitlement programs
According to the DSM-5, individuals with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) are likely to have a "sense of entitlement to special treatment and to obedience from others", typically without commensurate qualities or accomplishments: Similarly, according to Vaknin, the narcissistic personality attempts to protect the vulnerable self by building layers of grandiosity and a huge sense of entitlement.