Narrative

A page of a birth register for Jews from 1859

Any account of a series of related events or experiences, whether nonfictional or fictional (fairy tale, fable, legend, thriller, novel, etc.).

- Narrative
A page of a birth register for Jews from 1859

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An illustration from Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, depicting the fictional protagonist, Alice, playing a fantastical game of croquet.

Fiction

An illustration from Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, depicting the fictional protagonist, Alice, playing a fantastical game of croquet.

Fiction is any creative work, chiefly any narrative work, portraying individuals, events, or places in ways that are imaginary or inconsistent with history, fact, or plausibility.

Ballads of bravery (1877) part of Arthurian mythology

Myth

Ballads of bravery (1877) part of Arthurian mythology
Opening lines of one of the Mabinogi myths from the Red Book of Hergest (written pre-13c, incorporating pre-Roman myths of Celtic gods):
Gereint vab Erbin. Arthur a deuodes dala llys yg Caerllion ar Wysc...
(Geraint the son of Erbin. Arthur was accustomed to hold his Court at Caerlleon upon Usk...)
Odysseus Overcome by Demodocus' Song, by Francesco Hayez, 1813–15
Myths and legends of Babylonia and Assyria (1916)
This panel by Bartolomeo di Giovanni relates the second half of the Metamorphoses. In the upper left, Jupiter emerges from clouds to order Mercury to rescue Io.
Väinämöinen, the wise demigod and one of the significant characters of Finnish mythological 19th-century epic poetry, The Kalevala. (Väinämöinen's Play, Robert Wilhelm Ekman, 1866)
Prometheus (1868) by Gustave Moreau. In the mythos of Hesiodus and possibly Aeschylus (the Greek trilogy Prometheus Bound, Prometheus Unbound and Prometheus Pyrphoros), Prometheus is bound and tortured for giving fire to humanity.
1929 Belgian banknote, depicting Ceres, Neptune and caduceus

Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths.

Netherlandish Proverbs by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, 1559

Folklore

Body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

Body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

Netherlandish Proverbs by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, 1559
Indian Folk Worship at Batu Caves, Selangor Malaysia
Folk dancing, Plovdiv Bulgaria
Serbian Folk Group, Music and Costume. A group of performers sharing traditional Serbian folk music on the streets of Belgrade, Serbia.
Friends in the farm
Folklore theater in Mansoura, Egypt
United Arab Emirates traditional folk dance, the women flip their hair sideways in brightly coloured traditional dress.
The story of Jahangir and Anarkali is popular folklore in the former territories of the Mughal Empire.
Horse and sulky weathervane, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Santa Claus giving gifts to children, a common folk practice associated with Christmas in Western nations
Hajji Firuz is a fictional character in Iranian folklore who appears in the streets by the beginning of Nowruz, dances through the streets while singing and playing tambourine.
Practitioners of hoodening, a folk custom found in Kent, southeastern England, in 1909
Children's Games by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, 1560; there are five boys playing a game of buck buck in the lower right-hand corner of the painting.
Folk-dance-kalash in Pakistan
Slovene Folklore Dancers
Dancing Hungarians by J. B. Heinbucher, 1816
Some elements of folk culture might be in the center of local culture and an import part of self-identity. For instance folk dance is highly popular in Estonia and it has evolved into a sort of a national sport. XIX Estonian Dance Celebration in 2015 that was held together with Estonian Song Festival.

This includes oral traditions such as tales, legends, proverbs and jokes.

A page of a birth register for Jews from 1859

Nonfiction

Any document or media content that attempts, in good faith, to provide accurate information regarding a real-world topic.

Any document or media content that attempts, in good faith, to provide accurate information regarding a real-world topic.

A page of a birth register for Jews from 1859

Nonfiction is one of the fundamental divisions of narrative writing (specifically, prose) — in contrast to fiction, largely populated by imaginary characters and events, though sometimes ambiguous regarding its basis in reality.

A conversation in American Sign Language

Rhetorical modes

A conversation in American Sign Language

The rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse) are a long-standing attempt to broadly classify the major kinds of language-based communication, particularly writing and speaking, into narration, description, exposition, and argumentation.

An anthropologist with indigenous American people

Anthropology

Scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics, in both the present and past, including past human species.

Scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics, in both the present and past, including past human species.

An anthropologist with indigenous American people
Bernardino de Sahagún is considered to be the founder of modern anthropology.
Forensic anthropologists can help identify skeletonized human remains, such as these found lying in scrub in Western Australia, c. 1900–1910.
The Rosetta Stone was an example of ancient communication.
A Punu tribe mask, Gabon, Central Africa
Five of the seven known fossil teeth of Homo luzonensis found in Callao Cave.

Linguistic anthropologists often draw on related fields including sociolinguistics, pragmatics, cognitive linguistics, semiotics, discourse analysis, and narrative analysis.

In this 1891 painting of Lady Godiva by Jules Joseph Lefebvre, the authentic historical person is fully submerged in the legend, presented in an anachronistic high medieval setting.

Legend

In this 1891 painting of Lady Godiva by Jules Joseph Lefebvre, the authentic historical person is fully submerged in the legend, presented in an anachronistic high medieval setting.
Holger Danske, a legendary character
Giants Mata and Grifone, celebrated in the streets of Messina, Italy, the second week of August, according to a legend are founders of the Sicilian city.
The mediaeval legend of Genevieve of Brabant connected her to Treves.
The tale of the White Lady who haunts Union Cemetery is a variant of the Vanishing hitchhiker legend.
Bahay na Pula in the Philippines is believed to be haunted by all those who were murdered and raped by the Japanese army within the property during World War II.

A legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions, believed or perceived, both by teller and listeners, to have taken place in human history.

Four commedia dell'arte characters, whose costumes and demeanor indicate the stock character roles that they portray in this genre.

Character (arts)

Four commedia dell'arte characters, whose costumes and demeanor indicate the stock character roles that they portray in this genre.
Literary scholar Patrick Grant matches characters from The Lord of the Rings with Jungian archetypes.

In fiction, a character (or speaker, in poetry) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, radio or television series, music, film, or video game).

The Boyhood of Raleigh by Sir John Everett Millais, oil on canvas, 1870.
A seafarer tells the young Sir Walter Raleigh and his brother the story of what happened out at sea

Storytelling

The Boyhood of Raleigh by Sir John Everett Millais, oil on canvas, 1870.
A seafarer tells the young Sir Walter Raleigh and his brother the story of what happened out at sea
A very fine par dated 1938 A.D. The epic of Pabuji is an oral epic in the Rajasthani language that tells of the deeds of the folk hero-deity Pabuji, who lived in the 14th century.
Illustration from Silesian Folk Tales (The Book of Rubezahl)
Orunamamu storyteller, griot with cane
The Historian – An Indian artist is painting in sign language, on buckskin, the story of a battle with American soldiers.
Example of the use of storytelling in education.

Storytelling is the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, sometimes with improvisation, theatrics or embellishment.

The Mona Lisa (1503–1517) by Leonardo da Vinci is one of the world's most recognizable paintings.

Painting

Practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface .

Practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface .

The Mona Lisa (1503–1517) by Leonardo da Vinci is one of the world's most recognizable paintings.
An artistic depiction of a group of rhinos was made in the Chauvet Cave 30,000 to 32,000 years ago.
Prehistoric cave painting of aurochs (Bos primigenius primigenius) ), Lascaux, France
The oldest known figurative painting is a depiction of a bull that was discovered in the Lubang Jeriji Saléh cave in Indonesia. It was painted 40,000 - 52,000 years ago or earlier.
Chen Hongshou (1598–1652), Leaf album painting (Ming dynasty)
Georges Seurat, Circus Sideshow (Parade de cirque) (1887–88)
Jean Metzinger, La danse (Bacchante) (c.1906), oil on canvas, 73 x 54 cm, Kröller-Müller Museum
Piet Mondrian, Composition en rouge, jaune, bleu et noir (1921), Gemeentemuseum Den Haag
Female painter sitting on a campstool and painting a statue of Dionysus or Priapus onto a panel which is held by a boy. Fresco from Pompeii, 1st century
Nino Pisano, Apelles or the Art of painting in detail (1334–1336); relief of the Giotto's Bell Tower in Florence, Italy
Encaustic icon from Saint Catherine's Monastery, Egypt (6th-century)
John Martin, Manfred on the Jungfrau (1837), watercolor
Sesshū Tōyō, Landscapes of the Four Seasons (1486), ink and light color on paper
Jean de Court (attributed), painted Limoges enamel dish in detail (mid-16th century), Waddesdon Bequest, British Museum
White Angel (fresco), Mileševa monastery, Serbia
Honoré Daumier, The Painter (1808–1879), oil on panel with visible brushstrokes
Maurice Quentin de La Tour, Portrait of Louis XV of France (1748), pastel
Ray Burggraf, Jungle Arc (1998), acrylic paint on wood
Claude Monet's 1872 Impression, Sunrise inspired the name of the movement
Khan Bahadur Khan with Men of his Clan, c. 1815, from the Fraser Album, Company Style
19th Century Mysore Painting of Goddess Saraswathi
Krishna and Radha, might be the work of Nihâl Chand, master of Kishangarh school of Rajput Painting
Francisco de Zurbarán, Still Life with Pottery Jars (Bodegón de recipientes) (1636), oil on canvas, 46 x 84 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid
Reza Abbasi, Two Lovers (1630)
Andreas Achenbach, Clearing Up, Coast of Sicily (1847), The Walters Art Museum
Otto Marseus van Schrieck, A Forest Floor Still-Life (1666)

Painting is an important form in the visual arts, bringing in elements such as drawing, composition, gesture (as in gestural painting), narration (as in narrative art), and abstraction (as in abstract art).