Natalia Republic

NataliaNatalRepublic of Natalia
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic on the coast of Southern Africa, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.wikipedia
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Colony of Natal

NatalGovernor of the Colony of NatalLieutenant-governor of the Colony of Natal
The republic was annexed by Britain in 1843 to form the Colony of Natal.
It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces.

Piet Retief

Retief
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.
The short-lived Boer republic Natalia suffered from ineffective government and succumbed to British annexation.

Durban

Durban, South AfricaPort NatalDurban, KwaZulu-Natal
Vasco da Gama sighted the bluff at the entrance to what is now the harbour of Durban on Christmas Day in 1497 and named the country Terra Natalis.
The Voortrekkers established the Republic of Natalia in 1839, with its capital at Pietermaritzburg.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
After the British annexation of the Natalia Republic, most local Voortrekkers trekked north into Transorangia, later known as the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal.
The year in which the treaty with Moshoeshoe was made, several large parties of Boers recrossed the Drakensberg into the country north of the Orange, refusing to remain in Natal when the British annexed the newly formed Boer Republic of Natalia to form the Colony of Natal.

Andries Pretorius

Pretorius
In December 460 men set out under Boer general Andries Pretorius to take on the Zulus.
Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (27 November 179823 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the South African Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic, in present-day South Africa.

Battle of Blood River

Blood River
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic on the coast of Southern Africa, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
They agreed on the Tugela River as the border between Zululand and the Republic of Natalia.

Zulu Kingdom

ZululandZuluZulus
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the region was inhabited by Xhosa people, who were overrun between 1818 and 1820 by the Zulu Kingdom's military campaigns under Shaka. After the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, the British defeated the Zulu army, and annexed Zululand to Natal in 1897.
Following the campaign against Dingane, in 1839 the Voortrekkers, under Pretorius, formed the Boer republic of Natalia, south of the Tugela, and west of the British settlement of Port Natal (now Durban).

Pietermaritzburg

Maritzburgdefining moment in 1893history
Meantime the Boers had founded Pietermaritzburg, named in honour of leaders Piet Retief and Gerrit Maritz.
The city was founded by the Voortrekkers, following the defeat of Dingane at the Battle of Blood River, and was the capital of the short-lived Boer republic, Natalia.

Piet Uys

Petrus Lafras UysUys
The Boers had repelled the Zulu attacks on their laagers; joined by others from the Drakensberg, about 400 men under Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys advanced to attack Dingane.
His conduct during the Cape Frontier wars led him to assume a leadership role at the relatively young age of 37. As a result of this, Uys was chosen to lead the "Commission Trek" to Natal in 1834, where he visited Port Natal and may also have met Dingane.

Hendrik Potgieter

Andries PotgieterAndries Hendrik PotgieterPotgieter
The Boers had repelled the Zulu attacks on their laagers; joined by others from the Drakensberg, about 400 men under Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys advanced to attack Dingane.
His group joined up with Retief and Maritz at Thaba Nchu, where they formed a Voortrekker government and decided to move to Natal.

Battle of Maqongqo

At the Battle of Maqongqo, Dingane was crushed and was put to flight with what retainers chose to follow him into exile.
The Boer settlers under Pretorius had inflicted a crushing defeat on Dingane in 1838 at the Battle of Blood River, allowing them to carve out territory and create the Natalia Republic.

Jacobus Nicolaas Boshoff

State President BoshoffBoshoffJ.N. Boshoff
On 21 February 1842 the settlers responded, with a document written by Jacobus Boshoff.
Boshoff was one of the original Voortrekkers in Natal, that established the Natalia Republic.

Johan Arnold Smellekamp

J.A. SmellekampLanddrost Smellekamp
Johan Arnold Smellekamp concluded a treaty with the volksraad assuring them of the protection of the Netherlands.
In 1841 he made a first voyage to Port Natal with the objective to establish trading contracts with the Voortrekkers who had established the Natalia Republic only two years before.

KwaZulu-Natal

NatalZululandKwaZulu-Natal Province
One of the four founding provinces of South Africa, it is now KwaZulu-Natal.
During the 1830s and early 1840s, the northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was occupied by the Zulu Kingdom while the southern part was, briefly, the Boer republic of Natalia before becoming, in 1843, the British Colony of Natal.

Anglo-Zulu War

Zulu WarZulu WarsZulu
After the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, the British defeated the Zulu army, and annexed Zululand to Natal in 1897.
Natal in south-eastern Africa was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia.

Great Trek

voortrekkervoortrekkersBoer Trek
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic on the coast of Southern Africa, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
The Great Trek led directly to the founding of several autonomous Boer republics, namely the South African Republic (also known simply as the Transvaal), the Orange Free State, and the Natalia Republic.

Volkstaat

Boere-AfrikanersVolkstaat movement
Volkstaat
The Voortrekkers proclaimed separate independent republics, most notably Natalia Republic, the Orange Free State and the South African Republic (the Transvaal).

South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
One of the four founding provinces of South Africa, it is now KwaZulu-Natal.
The Boers founded the Boer Republics: the South African Republic (now Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West provinces), the Natalia Republic (KwaZulu-Natal), and the Orange Free State (Free State).

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
The next Europeans to settle the country were emigrant Boers from the Cape Colony, who came by land over the passes of the Drakensberg.
During that period some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers (including women and children), impatient of British rule, emigrated from Cape Colony into the great plains beyond the Orange River, and across them again into Natal and the vastness of the Zoutspansberg, in the northern part of the Transvaal.

Boer Republics

Boer RepublicrepublicBoer
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic on the coast of Southern Africa, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
The Natalia Republic was established in 1839 by the local Boers after Pretorius entered into an alliance with Mpande, the new Zulu king.

Dingane kaSenzangakhona

DinganeDingaanKing Dingane kaSenzangakhona
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

Tugela River

TugelaTukhelaThukela
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

Port St. Johns

Port St JohnsUmzimvubu River mouth
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
After the British annexation of the Natalia Republic, most local Voortrekkers trekked north into Transorangia, later known as the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal.

Vasco da Gama

Vasco de GamaCaravel ''BĂ©rrioCR Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama sighted the bluff at the entrance to what is now the harbour of Durban on Christmas Day in 1497 and named the country Terra Natalis.