Natalia Republic

NataliaNatalRepublic of Natalia
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic straddling the coast of Southern Africa and the Drakensberg range, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.wikipedia
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Colony of Natal

NatalNatal ColonyGovernor of the Colony of Natal
The republic (from the coast to the Drakensberg) was annexed by Britain in 1843 to form the Colony of Natal.
It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces.

Orange Free State

Orange Free State RepublicOranje VrystaatFree State
After the British annexation of the Natalia Republic, most local Voortrekkers trekked north into Transorangia, later known as the Orange Free State, and the South African Republic.
The Voortrekker Republic of Natalia, founded in 1837, administered the northern part of the territory through a landdrost based at Winburg.

Piet Retief

RetiefPieter Maurits Retief
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.
The short-lived Boer republic Natalia suffered from ineffective government and succumbed to British annexation.

Durban

Durban, South AfricaPort NatalDurban, KwaZulu-Natal
He next sighted the bluff at the entrance to what is now the harbour of Durban.
The Voortrekkers established the Republic of Natalia in 1839, with its capital at Pietermaritzburg.

Landdrost

drostLandrostanti-bailiff or droste
The republic also covered the northern parts of what is now the Free State, represented by a landdrost at Winburg.
*The Republic of Natalia appointed three landdrosts: one in Pietermaritzburg (Jacobus Nicolaas Boshof), one in Durban (an English trader) and one in Winburg.

Andries Pretorius

Andries W. J. PretoriusPretorius
In December 460 men set out under Boer general Andries Pretorius to take on the Zulus.
Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (27 November 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the South African Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic, in present-day South Africa.

Battle of Blood River

Blood RiverThe Battle of Blood Riverbattle
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic straddling the coast of Southern Africa and the Drakensberg range, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
They agreed on the Tugela River as the border between Zululand and the Republic of Natalia.

Pietermaritzburg

MaritzburgPietermaritzburg, South AfricaPietermartizburg
Meantime the Boers had founded Pietermaritzburg, named in honour of leaders Piet Retief and Gerrit Maritz.
The city was founded by the Voortrekkers, following the defeat of Dingane at the Battle of Blood River, and was the capital of the short-lived Boer republic, Natalia.

Zulu Kingdom

ZululandZuluZulus
A small clan living north of the Tugela River, the amaZulu, was greatly enlarged by its leader Shaka, and between 1818 and 1820 his Zulu Kingdom’s military campaigns overran the area. After the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, the British defeated the Zulu army, and annexed Zululand to Natal in 1897.
Following the campaign against Dingane, in 1839 the Voortrekkers, under Pretorius, formed the Boer republic of Natalia, south of the Tugela, and west of the British settlement of Port Natal (now Durban).

Piet Uys

Petrus Lafras UysPieter Lafras UysPieter Uys
The Boers had repelled the Zulu attacks on their laagers; joined by others from the Drakensberg, about 400 men under Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys advanced to attack Dingane.
As a result of this, Uys was chosen to lead the "Commission Trek" to Natal in 1834, where he visited Port Natal and may also have met Dingane.

Hendrik Potgieter

Andries PotgieterAndries Hendrik PotgieterA. H. Potgieter
The Boers had repelled the Zulu attacks on their laagers; joined by others from the Drakensberg, about 400 men under Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys advanced to attack Dingane.
His group joined up with Retief and Maritz at Thaba Nchu, where they formed a Voortrekker government and decided to move to Natal.

Battle of Maqongqo

Battle of Maqongqe
At the Battle of Maqongqo, Dingane was crushed and was put to flight with what retainers chose to follow him into exile.
The Boer settlers under Pretorius had inflicted a crushing defeat on Dingane in 1838 at the Battle of Blood River, allowing them to carve out territory and create the Natalia Republic.

Johan Arnold Smellekamp

J.A. SmellekampLanddrost Smellekamp
Johan Arnold Smellekamp concluded a treaty with the volksraad assuring them of the protection of the Netherlands.
In 1841 he made a first voyage to Port Natal with the objective to establish trading contracts with the Voortrekkers who had established the Natalia Republic only two years before.

KwaZulu-Natal

NatalKwaZulu NatalKwa-Zulu Natal
One of the four founding provinces of South Africa, it is now KwaZulu-Natal.
During the 1830s and early 1840s, the northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was occupied by the Zulu Kingdom while the southern part was, briefly, the Boer republic of Natalia before becoming, in 1843, the British Colony of Natal.

Anglo-Zulu War

Zulu WarAnglo–Zulu WarZulu Wars
After the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, the British defeated the Zulu army, and annexed Zululand to Natal in 1897.
Natal in south-eastern Africa was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia.

Great Trek

VoortrekkersVoortrekkerThe Great Trek
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic straddling the coast of Southern Africa and the Drakensberg range, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
The Great Trek led directly to the founding of several autonomous Boer republics, namely the South African Republic (also known simply as the Transvaal), the Orange Free State, and the Natalia Republic.

Volkstaat

Boere-AfrikanersBoerestaatVolkstaat movement
The Voortrekkers proclaimed separate independent republics, most notably Natalia Republic, the Orange Free State and the South African Republic (the Transvaal).

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
One of the four founding provinces of South Africa, it is now KwaZulu-Natal.
The Boers founded the Boer Republics: the South African Republic (now Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West provinces), the Natalia Republic (KwaZulu-Natal), and the Orange Free State (Free State).

Boer

BoersBoer peopleBoere-Afrikaner
The next Europeans to settle the country were emigrant Boers from the Cape Colony, who came by land over the passes of the Drakensberg.
During that period some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers (including women and children), impatient of British rule, emigrated from Cape Colony into the great plains beyond the Orange River, and across them again into Natal and the vastness of the Zoutspansberg, in the northern part of the Transvaal.

Boer Republics

Boer republicrepublicBoer
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic straddling the coast of Southern Africa and the Drakensberg range, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.
The Natalia Republic was established in 1839 by the local Boers after Pretorius entered into an alliance with Mpande, the new Zulu king.

Dingane kaSenzangakhona

DinganeDingaanKing Dingane
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

Tugela River

TugelaThukelaThukela River
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

Port St. Johns

Port St JohnsPort Saint JohnsUmzimvubu River mouth
The area was ceded by the Zulu king Dingane to Piet Retief and his party in 1838 and stretched from the Tugela River to present day Port St. Johns.

Free State (province)

Free StateFree State ProvinceOrange Free State
The republic also covered the northern parts of what is now the Free State, represented by a landdrost at Winburg.

Winburg

Makeleketla
The republic also covered the northern parts of what is now the Free State, represented by a landdrost at Winburg.