Natchez, Mississippi

Steamboat operating out of New Orleans
House on Broadway Street, Eidelweiss

County seat and only city of Adams County, Mississippi, United States.

- Natchez, Mississippi

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Natchez people

Pre-contact distribution of the Natchez people
Emerald Mound
Platform mounds (in the distance) and reconstructed wattle-and-daub house at the Grand Village of the Natchez.
A modern reconstruction of a traditional Natchez dwelling at the Grand Village of the Natchez in Adams County, Mississippi
Mississippian culture pottery from the Grand Village of the Natchez historic site
Natchez Great Temple on Mound C and the Sun Chiefs cabin, drawn by Alexandre de Batz in the 1730s
"The Great Sun, Paramount Chief of the Natchez People" in a 1758 drawing by Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz
The funeral procession of Tattooed Serpent in 1725, with retainers waiting to be sacrificed from a drawing by Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz
The Natchez Revolt of 1729, where the Natchez slaughtered most of the French soldiers and colonists, with Fort Rosalie in the background, from a panoramic painting by John Egan, circa 1850
1835 oil painting by Eugène Delacroix of a Natchez mother and father with their newborn child on the banks of the Mississippi River, inspired by Chateaubriand's fictionalized account of the Natchez Wars in Louisiana
"Carte de Lousiane" from Dumont de Montigny (1753), Mémoires Historiques sur la Louisiane. Annotated to show paths of d'Artaguette and Bienville in Chickasaw Campaign of 1736
Postcard of Fort Rosalie, 1907

The Natchez ( Natchez pronunciation ) are a Native American people who originally lived in the Natchez Bluffs area in the Lower Mississippi Valley, near the present-day city of Natchez, Mississippi in the United States.

Vidalia, Louisiana

Largest city and the parish seat of Concordia Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Natchez-Vidalia Bridge over Mississippi River

The city of Natchez, Mississippi, lies on the opposite bank of the river, connected by the Natchez–Vidalia Bridge, carrying U.S. Routes 65, 84, and 425.

Natchez Trace

Part of the original Natchez Trace near Natchez, Mississippi
Old Trace historical marker
The "Sunken Trace"
One of numerous overpasses on the Natchez Trace toward the exit to Vicksburg
A trail on the Natchez Trace
A cypress swamp along the side of the Natchez Trace near Jackson, Mississippi
Another view of the Sunken Trace (June 2015)
Buzzard Roost Stand
The spring located at Buzzard Roost Spring at Milepost 320.3 near Cherokee, Alabama.
Meriwether Lewis National Monument and Grave, April 2014

The Natchez Trace, also known as the Old Natchez Trace, is a historic forest trail within the United States which extends roughly 440 mi from Nashville, Tennessee, to Natchez, Mississippi, linking the Cumberland, Tennessee, and Mississippi rivers.

Natchez Trace Parkway

National parkway in the southeastern United States that commemorates the historic Natchez Trace and preserves sections of that original trail.

Old Natchez Trace sign southwest of Mathiston, Mississippi
Entrance sign to the parkway near Natchez, Mississippi
The Natchez Trace Parkway seen from Twentymile Bottom Overlook, milepost 278.4, about 20 miles northeast of Tupelo, MS.
Captain John Gordon's house on the site where the Natchez Trace crosses the Duck River. Originally a ferry operated by Gordon and Chickasaw Chief William Colbert was located here. Gordon and his wife built this Federal style plantation home which is one of the oldest structures along the trace.
Natchez Trace Parkway Bridge over SR 96 in Tennessee
Rocky Springs Methodist Church
Rocky Springs Cemetery
Cypress Swamp
Scenic waterfall
Meriwether Lewis National Monument and gravesite
Mount Locust

Its central feature is a two-lane road that extends 444 miles (715 km) from Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee.

Jackson, Mississippi

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi.

The entire Choctaw Nation's location and size compared to the U.S. state of Mississippi
Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States and the city's namesake
"Raising the Stars and Stripes Over the Capitol of the State of Mississippi", engraving from Harper's Weekly, June 20, 1863, after the capture of Jackson by Union forces during the American Civil War
September 1863 map of the Siege of Jackson
Mississippi Old Capitol, downtown Jackson
Map of Jackson in 1919
April 16, 1921 flood on Town Creek, a tributary of the Pearl River in Jackson. The photo is a view of East Capitol Street looking east from North Farish Street.
Standard Life Building, downtown Jackson
Old Greyhound Bus Station
Photograph of Jackson Mississippi taken from the International Space Station
Map of racial distribution in Jackson, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
1874 engraving in Scribner's Monthly of the Old Capitol, the seat of Mississippi's legislature from 1839 to 1903.
Jackson State University band "The Sonic Boom"
Millsaps College is one of several institutions in and around Jackson established before 1900.
Mississippi State Capitol
Thalia Mara Hall in Jackson, Mississippi
Lamar Life Building, downtown Jackson.
Veterans Memorial Stadium is the largest stadium facility in Jackson. Its parking lot often is used by employees of the University of Mississippi Medical Center nearby.

The Mississippi General Assembly decided in 1821 that the state needed a centrally located capital (the legislature was then located in Natchez).


State in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee; to the east by Alabama; to the south by the Gulf of Mexico; to the southwest by Louisiana; and to the northwest by Arkansas.

Choctaw Village near the Chefuncte, by Francois Bernard, 1869, Peabody Museum—Harvard University. The women are preparing dye in order to color cane strips for making baskets.
Pushmataha, Choctaw Principal Chief
The Big House at D'Evereux Plantation. Built in 1840, the mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Confederate lines, Vicksburg, May 19, 1863. Shows assault by US 1st Battalion, 13th Infantry
The legislature of the State of Mississippi in 1890
Child workers, Pass Christian, 1911, by Lewis Hine
Mexican American boy and African American man at the Knowlton Plantation, Perthshire, Mississippi, in 1939, by Marion Post Wolcott
Dancing at a juke joint near Clarksdale, Mississippi, in 1939, by Marion Post Wolcott
The previous flag of Mississippi, used until June 30, 2020, featured the Confederate battle flag
Bottomland hardwood swamp near Ashland
Map of the Mississippi Delta Region (outlined in green)
Map with all counties and their county seats
Köppen climate types of Mississippi, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Hurricanes Camille (left) and Katrina from satellite imagery, as they approached the Mississippi Gulf Coast
Leaving Tennessee on US Highway 61
Clark Creek Natural Area, Wilkinson County
A racial/ethnic map of the state of Mississippi. The purple counties have black majorities, the blue ones have white majorities. The darker the color, the larger the majority.
Mississippi population density map
Liberty Baptist Church, Amite County
A Mississippi U.S. quarter
Sharecropper's daughter, Lauderdale County, 1935
2014 Corolla built by Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi on display at the Tupelo Automobile Museum
Five Governors of Mississippi in 1976, from left: Ross Barnett, James P. Coleman, William L. Waller, John Bell Williams, and Paul B. Johnson Jr.
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
The Vicksburg Bridge carries I-20 and U.S. 80 across the Mississippi River at Vicksburg.
The Ross Barnett Reservoir at sunset
The Mississippi State Capitol was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2016.

In 1716, the French founded Natchez on the Mississippi River (as Fort Rosalie); it became the dominant town and trading post of the area.

New Orleans

Consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana.

The New Orleans cityscape in early February 2007
The Revolt took place in what is now Natchez National Historical Park in Natchez, Mississippi.
1724 plan for Saint Louis Parish Church, New Orleans, Louisiana, by Adrien de Pauger
The Battle of New Orleans (1815)
Plan of the city and suburbs of New Orleans: from a survey made in 1815
Mississippi River steamboats at New Orleans, 1853
The starving people of New Orleans under Union occupation during the Civil War, 1862
Esplanade Avenue at Burgundy Street, looking lakewards (north) towards Lake Pontchartrain in 1900
1943 waiting line at wartime Rationing Board office in New Orleans
Richard Nixon in New Orleans, August 1970. Royal at Iberville Streets, heading to Canal Street.
A view of the New Orleans Central Business District, as seen from the Mississippi River. USS New Orleans (LPD-18) in foreground (2007).
Hurricane Katrina at its New Orleans landfall
An aerial view from a United States Navy helicopter showing floodwaters around the Louisiana Superdome (stadium) and surrounding area (2005)
A true-color satellite image taken on NASA's Landsat 7, 2004
Vertical cross-section, showing maximum levee height of 23 ft
Bourbon Street, New Orleans, in 2003, looking towards Canal Street
New Orleans contains many distinctive neighborhoods.
Skyline of the Central Business District of New Orleans
Snow falls on St. Charles Avenue in December 2008.
Hurricanes of Category 3 or greater passing within 100 miles, from 1852 to 2005 (NOAA)
Map of racial distribution in New Orleans, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
2016 New Orleans Pride
Cathedral-Basilica of St. Louis, King of France
Beth Israel synagogue building on Carondelet Street
A tanker on the Mississippi River in New Orleans
Intracoastal Waterway near New Orleans
The steamboat Natchez operates out of New Orleans.
Aerial view of NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility
French Quarter in 2009
Street artist in the French Quarter (1988)
The New Orleans Museum of Art (NOMA) located in City Park
New Orleans Mardi Gras in the early 1890s
Mounted krewe officers in the Thoth Parade during Mardi Gras
Louis Armstrong, famous New Orleans jazz musician
Frank Ocean is a musician from New Orleans.
Steamship Bienville on-board restaurant menu (April 7, 1861)
Café du Monde, a landmark New Orleans beignet cafe established in 1862
The fleur-de-lis is often a symbol of New Orleans and its sports teams.
A view of Gibson Hall at Tulane University
University of New Orleans
Xavier University of Louisiana, 2019
A New Orleans streetcar traveling down Canal Street
Streetcar network
Ferries connecting New Orleans with Algiers (left) and Gretna (right)

Notably, the Natchez, whose traditional lands were along the Mississippi near the modern city of Natchez, Mississippi, had a series of wars culminating in the Natchez Revolt that began in 1729 with the Natchez overrunning Fort Rosalie.

Antebellum architecture

Neoclassical architectural style characteristic of the 19th-century Southern United States, especially the Deep South, from after the birth of the United States with the American Revolution, to the start of the American Civil War.

Barrington Hall is one classic example of an antebellum home.
The Herndon Glanton Reeves house, built in 1845 in Troup County, Georgia, was home to several prominent citizens and used as a hospital for both Confederate and Union soldiers during the Civil War. The detail on the staircase newel and on the wall are both common features of antebellum architecture.

Lansdowne in Natchez, Mississippi

Alcorn State University

Public historically black land-grant university adjacent to the unincorporated community of Lorman, Mississippi.

Oakland Chapel on the campus of Alcorn State University
The Literary Society Building on the campus of Alcorn State University
Levi J. Rowan
Alcorn State University entrance sign
Alcorn athletics logo

The Nursing School and the Business School's Master of Business Administration (MBA) program are located in Natchez, Mississippi.

Adams County, Mississippi

County located in the U.S. state of Mississippi.

Stone wall provides protection to Natchez, Mississippi from the Mississippi River.
A portion of the historic Natchez City Cemetery in Adams County

The county seat is Natchez.