National Defence Act

Knowledge of French in the European Union and candidate countries

Primary enabling legislation for organizing and funding Canada's military.

- National Defence Act

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Canadian Armed Forces

Unified military of Canada, including sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force.

Badge of the Canadian Armed Forces
Uniforms of the Canadian militia in 1898. The Canadian Armed Forces traces its roots to the militia.
Soldiers of the 2nd Canadian Division behind a Mark II female tank during the Battle of Vimy Ridge
Two armourers of No. 440 Squadron RCAF, re-arming a Hawker Typhoon. By the end of the Second World War, Canada possessed the fourth-largest air force in the world.
Soldiers from the Canadian Grenadier Guards in Afghanistan. The Canadian Forces were in Afghanistan as a part of the NATO-led United Nations International Security Assistance Force until 2011.
Construction of a at Halifax Shipyard in 2018. The ship emerged from the Arctic Patrol Ship project.
A member of the Canadian Armed Forces briefs Vermont Army National Guard soldiers on the integration of women into the forces
The Armed Forces Council is the senior military body of the Canadian Forces. The Council typically operates from Pearkes building in Ottawa.
of the Royal Canadian Navy departs Pearl Harbor for the at-sea phase of RIMPAC 2014
Soldiers from Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry conducting an exercise during RIMPAC 2012
A Royal Canadian Air Force CF-18 Hornet over Iraq in support of Operation Impact
Members of the Canadian Special Operations Regiment during a freefall jump out of a USAF C-17 Globemaster III. The regiment is one of five units that make up CANSOFCOM.
A Canadian Rangers training camp in Alert, Nunavut. The Canadian Rangers are a sub-component of the Canadian Armed Forces reserve force.
Members of The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa, an infantry regiment of the Primary Reserve, march through Ottawa, Ontario
Operational dress uniforms for the three branches of the Canadian Armed Forces, shown here with naval rank insignia.
The Royal 22nd Regiment parading in full dress for the 400th anniversary of Quebec City. The Canadian Army's universal full dress includes a scarlet tunic, and midnight blue trousers.

Under the National Defence Act, the Canadian Armed Forces are an entity separate and distinct from the Department of National Defence (the federal government department responsible for administration and formation of defence policy), which also exists as the civilian support system for the Forces.

Department of National Defence (Canada)

Department of the Government of Canada which supports the Canadian Armed Forces in its role of defending Canadian national interests domestically and internationally.

National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Under the National Defence Act, the Canadian Armed Forces is a completely separate and distinct organization from, and is not part of, the Department of National Defence.

Unification of the Canadian Armed Forces

The unification of the Canadian Armed Forces took place on 1 February 1968, when the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force were merged to form the Canadian Armed Forces.

Badge of the Canadian Armed Forces

Unlike the situation prior to 1968 where the services existed as separate legal entities, the current Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force have no separate legal status and, under terms of amendments made to the National Defence Act in 2014, exist as commands within the unified Canadian Armed Forces.

Queen's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces

The Queen's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces (QR&O) are regulations having the force of law for the governance of the Canadian Forces.

Badge of the Canadian Armed Forces

They are regarded as the primary document of military law and regulations in Canada – aside from the National Defence Act.

Department of Naval Services

The department responsible for the naval services in Canada during the transition from the Royal Navy to the Royal Canadian Navy from 1910 to 1923.

The department was charged with the responsibility of the RCN until the passage of the National Defence Act in 1922 and the RCN was transferred over to the Department of National Defence (Canada) and the former department dissolved.

Non-Public Property

Knowledge of French in the European Union and candidate countries

In Canada, Non-Public Property (NPP) (French: Biens non publics; BNP) is created by the National Defence Act (NDA) and includes all money and property received for or administered by or through NPP organizations, and all money and property contributed to or by Canadian Forces members for their collective benefit and welfare.

Minister of National Defence (Canada)

Minister of the Crown in the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada.

A meeting of the Cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King in 1930

On 1 January 1923, the National Defence Act, 1922 came into effect, merging the Department of Militia and Defence, the Department of the Naval Service, and the Air Board to form the Department of National Defence.

War Measures Act

The War Measures Act (Loi sur les mesures de guerre; 5 George V, Chap.

Statute of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, written in Polish

Under provisions of the National Defence Act, the Canadian Forces were deployed to assist the police.

Military aid to the civil power

Use of the armed forces in support of the civil authorities of a state.

NATO military ceremony, Pabrade, Lithuania in November 2014

Canada has provisions, similar to the UK's military aid to the civil authorities, for military aid to the civil power inscribed in its National Defence Act, an historical inheritance from its days as a British dominion.

Military justice

Legal system (bodies of law and procedure) that governs the conduct of the active-duty personnel of the armed forces of a country.

Legal systems of the world

All Commands of the Canadian Forces (CF) (that is, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force, Canadian Joint Operations Command, and Canadian Special Operations Forces Command) are primarily governed by the National Defence Act (NDA).