National Government (1931)
National GovernmentNational I1st1st National Min.First National ministryFirst National Government1st Nat. coalitionFirst National Government 1931formed two months previouslyNational Government of 1931
The National Government of August–October 1931, also known as the First National Government was the first of a series of national governments formed during the Great Depression in the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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19311931 general election1931 election
The 1931 general election took place on 27 October 1931 and led to a landslide victory for candidates supporting the National Government.
The 1931 United Kingdom general election was held on Tuesday 27 October 1931 and saw a landslide election victory for the National Government which had been formed two months previously after the collapse of the second Labour government.
Second Labour GovernmentMacDonald IILabour Government
It was formed by Ramsay MacDonald as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the collapse of the previous minority government, led by the Labour Party, known as the Second MacDonald ministry.
The Second Labour Government was succeeded by the First National Ministry, also headed by Ramsay MacDonald and made up of members of Labour, the Conservatives and Liberals, calling itself a National Government.
Philip SnowdenLord SnowdenSnowden
He broke with Labour policy in 1931, and was expelled from the party and excoriated as a turncoat, as the Party was overwhelmingly crushed that year by the National Government coalition that Snowden supported.
ChamberlainNevilleArthur Neville Chamberlain
The Labour government resigned on 24 August, and MacDonald formed a National Government supported by most Conservative MPs.
Samuel HoareSir Samuel HoareSir Samuel Hoare, Bt
Hoare was one of the Conservative negotiators in talks with Ramsay MacDonald in August 1931 over the formation of the National Government.
Rufus IsaacsLord ReadingThe Earl of Reading
In MacDonald's National Government in August 1931, Reading briefly served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Leader of the House of Lords, but stood down after the first major reshuffle in November due to ill-health.
Lord PresidentThe Lord President of the CouncilLord President of the Privy Council
Minister of Agriculture and FisheriesPresident of the Board of AgricultureMinister of Agriculture
Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
Minister of LabourDepartment of EmploymentMinister of Labour and National Service
National GovernmentNational II2nd National Min.
MacDonald reconstructed his government on 5 November 1931, establishing the 1931-35 National Government.
ChancellorSecond Lord of the TreasuryChancellors of the Exchequer
President of the Board of EducationSecretary of State for Education and ScienceEducation Secretary
Sir Kingsley WoodHoward Kingsley WoodRt Hon. Sir Kingsley Wood
When the National Government was formed by Ramsay MacDonald in 1931, Wood was made Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education.
First Lords of the AdmiraltyList of the First Lords of the AdmiraltyFirst Lord
Minister of TransportTransport SecretaryMinistry of Civil Aviation
Colonial SecretaryColonial OfficeBritish Secretary of State for the Colonies
Secretary for ScotlandScottish SecretarySecretary of State
Robert William HamiltonSir Robert HamiltonSir Robert William Hamilton
He became Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in the National Government in September 1931, working under the Conservative Philip Cunliffe-Lister.
In 1931 he became Secretary for Mines in the National Government, but resigned the following year in protest at the protectionist Ottawa Agreements.
Secretary of State for India and BurmaSecretary of StateIndia Secretary
First Lord of TradeBoard of TradePresident
George GillettGeorge Masterman GillettGeorge Masterman Gillet
When a National Government was formed in 1931, Gillett was one of the minority of Labour MPs who continued to support the premiership of Ramsay MacDonald, forming what became the National Labour Organisation.