National Library of Russia

The 18th-century building of the library
faces Nevsky Prospekt
The 18th-century building of the library
faces Nevsky Prospekt
The Neoclassical building on the Nevsky Avenue.
The new building on the Moskovsky Avenue
St. Petersburg Bede (746)
Trebizond Gospel (10th century)
Codex Zographensis (c. 1000)
Leningrad Codex (c. 1008)
Ostromir Gospel (1056)
Spiridon Psalter (1397)
Guyart de Moulin's Bible Historiale (1350s)
Simon Marmion's Grandes Chroniques de France (1450s)
Breviary of Mary Stuart (1490s)
Lancelot du Lac (c. 1500)

First national public library in Russia.

- National Library of Russia

209 related topics

Relevance

Saint Petersburg

Second-largest city in Russia.

The Bronze Horseman, monument to Peter the Great
Catherine Palace in Tsarskoe Selo
Map of Saint Petersburg, 1744
Street leading to St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral
Palace Square backed by the General staff arch and building; as the main square of the Russian Empire, it was the setting of many events of historic significance.
Decembrist revolt at the Senate Square, 26 December 1825
Bolsheviks celebrating 1 May near the Winter Palace half a year after taking power, 1918
Leningrad in 1935
Citizens of Leningrad during the 872-day siege, in which more than one million civilians died, mostly from starvation. Nevsky Prospect
View of Lermontovski Prospekt, Egyptian Bridge and the Fontanka River, 1972
Griboedov Canal and the Church of the Saviour on Blood, 1991
View of the city from the Saint Isaac's Cathedral
Moyka River, flowing through Central Saint Petersburg
Satellite image of Saint Petersburg and its suburbs
While not originally named for Tsar Peter the Great, during World War I the city was changed from the Germanic "Peterburg" to "Petrograd" in his honour.
From 1924 to 1991 the city was known as 'Leningrad'. This is a picture of the Saint Petersburg port entrance with an old 'Ленинград' (Leningrad) sign.
People walking on the main street of Saint Petersburg, Nevsky Prospekt
The city assembly meets in the Mariinsky Palace.
The Smolny Institute, seat of the governor
The Saint Petersburg International Economic Forum is a major Russian investment forum
Admiralty Shipyard
Power Machines plant building on Sverdlovskaya embankment in Saint Petersburg
Lakhta Center, the tallest building in Europe
Kazan Cathedral, an example of Neoclassical architecture
Saint Isaac's Square
Aerial view of Peter and Paul Fortress
Nevsky Prospekt
Palace Square during Christmas
Church of the Savior on Blood, seen from Griboyedov Canal
Smolny Convent, an example of Baroque architecture
Aerial view of Peterhof Palace
The "Temple of Friendship" in Pavlovsk Park
The Amber Room in the Catherine Palace
The Bolshoi Zal (Grand Hall) of Saint Petersburg Philharmonia
The main auditorium of the Mariinsky Theatre
Scarlet Sails celebration on the Neva River
The Alexandrinsky Theatre
The Pushkin House
Konstantin Khabensky, known for his roles in Night Watch, Day Watch and Admiral, is a native of Saint Petersburg.
Gazprom Arena on Krestovsky Island
A section of the Western High-Speed Diameter
Tram passing by Kronverksy Avenue
Narvskaya station of the Saint Petersburg Metro, opened in 1955
Trolleybus on Nevsky Prospekt
Hydrofoil docking in Saint Petersburg upon arrival from Peterhof Palace (2008)
The Sapsan high-speed train runs between Saint Petersburg and Moscow.
Pulkovo International Airport
The Trinity Bridge i s a landmark of Art Nouveau design.
Lakhta Center, the tallest building in Europe
The Field of Mars.
Grand Peterhof Palace and the Grand Cascade
Old Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange and Rostral Columns.
The main auditorium of the Mariinsky Theatre
Panorama of Stalls and Boxes at the Main Mariinsky Theatre.
The Alexandrinsky Theatre
alt=|Cameron gallery in Catherine park of Tsarskoe Selo.
alt=|Grotto pavilion in Catherine park of Tsarskoe Selo
alt=|The Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo.
alt=|Grand Menshikov Palace.
alt=|The State Hermitage Museum is the largest art museum in the world by gallery space.
alt=|The State Russian Museum is the world's largest depository of Russian fine art.
alt=|The Russian Museum of Ethnography is one of the largest ethnographic museums in the world.<ref>{{Cite web |title=“The Heart of Yugra” exhibition at the Russian Museum of Ethnography |url=https://forumspb.com/en/archive/2022/programme/102598/?year=2022&ELEMENT_ID=102598 |access-date=2022-06-18 |website=forumspb.com}}</ref>

It is also a seat for the National Library of Russia and a planned location for the Supreme Court of Russia, as well as the home to the headquarters of the Russian Navy, and the Western Military District of the Russian Armed Forces.

Leningrad Codex

Oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew, using the Masoretic Text and Tiberian vocalization.

Leningrad Codex (cover page E, folio 474a)
Leningrad Codex text sample, portions of Exodus 15:21-16:3

The Leningrad Codex (a codex is a handwritten book bound at one side, as opposed to a scroll) is so named because it has been housed at the National Library of Russia in Saint Petersburg since 1863 (before 1917 named Imperial Public Library).

Primary Chronicle

Old East Slavic chronicle (letopis) of Kievan Rus' from about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiev around 1113.

The Historian Nestor by Leo Mol
Oleg of Novgorod's campaign against Constantinople during the Rus'–Byzantine War in 907 (from the Radziwill Chronicle)
The baptism of Prince Vladimir I in Korsun in 988 (from the Radziwill Chronicle)

The manuscript was acquired by the famous Count Musin-Pushkin in 1792 and subsequently presented to the National Library of Russia in Saint Petersburg.

Hypatian Codex

Svod (compendium) of three letopis chronicles: the Primary Chronicle, Kievan Chronicle and Galician-Volhynian Chronicle.

Letopisets. Novoseltsev A. N.

Since 1810, the codex has been preserved in the Russian National Library, St Petersburg.

Ivan Krylov

Russia's best-known fabulist and probably the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors.

Portrait of Krylov by Karl Briullov, 1839
Monument to Ivan Krylov in the Summer Garden (1854–55), by Peter Klodt von Urgensburg
"Demyan’s Fish Soup", by Andrei Popov, 1857. The Russian Museum, St Petersburg
Heorhiy Narbut’s 1911 illustration of "The beggar and fortune"
Portrait of Ivan Krylov by Roman Maximovich Volkov (1812)
{{ill|Parade at Tsaritsyn Meadow|ru|Парад 6 октября 1831 года в Петербурге (картина)}} by Gregory Chernetsov (detail)
Ivan Krylov by {{ill|Peter A. Olenin |ru|Оленин, Пётр Алексеевич (1794)}} (1824)
by {{ill|Johann Lebrecht Eggink|de}} (1834)
Stamp by {{ill|Vasili Vasilievich Zavyalov|ru|Завьялов, Василий Васильевич (художник)}} (1959)

From 1812 to 1841 he was employed by the Imperial Public Library, first as an assistant, and then as head of the Russian Books Department, a not very demanding position that left him plenty of time to write.

Załuski Library

Public library nationalized and renamed upon its founders' death into the Załuski Library of the Republic (Biblioteka Rzeczypospolitej Załuskich) which existed until the final demise of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Third Partition of Poland in 1795.

Załuski Library's original seat: now "House Under the Kings" (Dom Pod Królami), Warsaw
Załuski Library exlibris
Załuski Library under construction, by Vogel
"House of the Kings" deliberately destroyed by the Germans in World War II
"House of the Kings" today (ul. Daniłowiczowska 14, corner of ul. Hipoteczna 2, Warsaw)

After the Kościuszko Uprising (1794), Russian troops, acting on orders from Czarina Catherine II, seized the library's holdings and transported them to her personal collection at Saint Petersburg, where a year later it formed the cornerstone of the newly founded Imperial Public Library.

Carlo Rossi (architect)

Italian architect who worked in Imperial Russia.

Portrait by B. S. Mityar, 1820
the same tombstone

These include: the Yelagin Palace with the hothouse and the pavilions (1816-1818), the Mikhailovsky Palace, General Staff Building, the buildings of the Senate and Synod (1829-1833), the façade of the Russian National Library that faces Alexandrinskaya Square, the pavilions of Anichkov Palace, the arch of the General Staff Building, the Alexandrine Theatre and the buildings of the Board of Theaters and Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Legal deposit

Legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library.

Brazilian law of legal deposit of Pedro II of Brazil in 1847.

In Russia the Russian State Library (Moscow), the National Library of Russia (St Petersburg), the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St Petersburg), as well as the libraries of the Moscow State University, the President of the Russian Federation, and the two Houses of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation are entitled to a copy of every book published.

Nevsky Prospect

Main street in the federal city of St. Petersburg in Russia.

Nevsky prospect near Admiralty in 1753. Engraving A. Kachalova
View of Nevsky Prospekt and Stroganov Palace, third quarter of the 18th century. Further to the right is the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, to the left – the Lutheran Church of St. Peter
B. Patersen. Nevsky Prospect near Gostiny Dvor. 1799
Colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral, in front of it are the monuments to Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly. Vasily Sadovnikov. Watercolor 1837
View of the building of the Imperial Public Library, Sadovaya Street and Gostiny Dvor. 1800s
Statue of Barclay de Tolly in front of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg, by Boris Orlovsky
View from the Anichkov bridge to the Beloselsky-Belozersky palace. I. I. Charlemagne. 1850s.
Nikolaevsky railway station building. Ligovsky Canal in the foreground Photo 1860s
Eliseev brothers' store. View from the Catherine Garden Postcard from the 1910s
This is a photo of House of the company "Singer" (also known as "House of Books"), a cultural heritage object in Russia, located at the intersection of Nevsky Prospekt and the Griboyedov Canal, directly opposite the Kazan Cathedral. It is recognized as a historical and tourist landmark.
alt=View of Nevsky Prospect and Anichkov Bridge, 1753|View of Nevsky Prospect and Anichkov Bridge, 1753
alt=Nevsky Prospect near Gostiny Dvorб 1799. Printmaking (engraving) by Benjamin Patersen.|Nevsky Prospect near Gostiny Dvorб 1799. Printmaking (engraving) by Benjamin Patersen.
alt="View of the Palace Square and the Winter Palace from the beginning of Nevsky Prospect", 1801. Engraving by Benjamin Patersen.|"View of the Palace Square and the Winter Palace from the beginning of Nevsky Prospect", 1801. Engraving by Benjamin Patersen.
alt=The avenue near the Nicholas Station, 1890s. Engraving by Benjamin Patersen.|The avenue near the Nicholas Station, 1890s. Engraving by Benjamin Patersen.
alt=The Fontanka River at the Anichkov Bridge. 19th or early 20th century|The Fontanka River at the Anichkov Bridge. 19th or early 20th century
alt=Panorama of Nevsky Prospect, 1830s. Engraving by Vasily Sadovnikov. |Panorama of Nevsky Prospect, 1830s. Engraving by Vasily Sadovnikov.
alt=Anichkov Bridge and the Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, 1850s. Engraving by Charlemagne.|Anichkov Bridge and the Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, 1850s. Engraving by Charlemagne.
alt=Frontal view of the Singer House, located at the Nevsky prospect (photo)|Frontal view of the Singer House, located at the Nevsky prospect
The tower with the globe on the top
alt=Singer House' sculptures on the facade|Sculptures on the facade
alt=The Horse Tamers, on the on the Anichkov Bridge, designed by the Russian sculptor, Baron Peter Klodt von Jurgensburg. The silhouettes of the sculptural groups on high pedestals are so expressive that they ensured incredible success for this monument. (photo)|The Horse Tamers, on the on the Anichkov Bridge, designed by the Russian sculptor, Baron Peter Klodt von Jurgensburg. The silhouettes of the sculptural groups on high pedestals are so expressive that they ensured incredible success for this monument.
alt=The Horse Tamers, on the on the Anichkov Bridge, designed by the Russian sculptor, Baron Peter Klodt von Jurgensburg. The silhouettes of the sculptural groups on high pedestals are so expressive that they ensured incredible success for this monument. (photo)|The Horse Tamers, on the on the Anichkov Bridge, designed by the Russian sculptor, Baron Peter Klodt von Jurgensburg. The silhouettes of the sculptural groups on high pedestals are so expressive that they ensured incredible success for this monument.

At the corner with Sadovaya Street in 1801 according to the project of the architect E. T. Sokolov built the first building library with a smoothly rounded facade with a colonnade.

Order of the Red Banner of Labour

Order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities.

Order of the Red Banner of Labour (obverse), type 2 post 1943
Reverse of a post 1943 type 2 Order of the Red Banner of Labour
Olympic gold medalist figure skater Irina Rodnina, twice recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour

National Library of Russia