National Monument (Indonesia)

National MonumentMonasMonumen NasionalThe National Monument Monas (National Monument) Indonesian National MonumentMonas monumentMonas SquareNational Monument ("Monas")National Monument (''Monumen Nasional'')
The National Monument (Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia.wikipedia
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Merdeka Square, Jakarta

Merdeka SquareKoningspleinGambir Square
The National Monument (Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia.
At its center stands the National Monument, often called Monas (Monumen Nasional). The paved plaza surrounds the monument often host national events such as military and float parades, as well as civic demonstrations.

National monument

Historical Monument and National HeritageNational Monument.national monuments
It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence. After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.
The National Monument (Indonesia)

Jakarta

BataviaJakarta, IndonesiaDjakarta
After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.
Projects included a clover-leaf highway, a major boulevard (Jalan MH Thamrin-Sudirman), monuments such as The National Monument, Hotel Indonesia, a shopping centre, and a new parliament building.

Sukarno

President SukarnoSoekarnoPresident of the Republic of Indonesia
Construction began in 1961 under the direction of President Sukarno.
As part of his prestige-building program, Sukarno ordered the construction of large monumental buildings such as National Monument (Monumen Nasional), Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, CONEFO Building (now the Parliament Building), Hotel Indonesia, and the Sarinah shopping centre to transform Jakarta from a former colonial backwater to a modern city.

Central Jakarta

Jakarta PusatCentralCity of Central Jakarta
The National Monument (Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia.

List of museums and cultural institutions in Indonesia

IndonesiaMuseums and cultural institutions in IndonesiaMuseums in Jakarta
List of museums and cultural institutions in Indonesia
Several museums clustered in central Jakarta around the Merdeka Square area include: National Museum of Indonesia, Monas, Istiqlal Islamic Museum in Istiqlal mosque, and Jakarta Cathedral Museum on the second floor of Jakarta Cathedral.

Juche Tower

Juche'' TowerChuch'e TowerTower of the Juche Idea
Juche Tower, a similarly designed monument-tower in Pyongyang, North Korea, topped with flame statue and elevator ride to the top observation deck.
Monas, a similarly designed monument-tower in Jakarta, Indonesia, topped with flame statue and elevator ride to the top observation deck.

Obelisk

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
The National Monument (Monumen Nasional, abbreviated Monas) is a 132 m (433 ft) tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia. It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence.

Indonesian National Revolution

National RevolutionIndonesian RevolutionIndonesian War of Independence
It is the national monument of the Republic of Indonesia, built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence. After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.

UTC+07:00

ICTUTC+7local time
The monument and the museum are open daily from 08.00 until 16.00 Western Indonesia Time (UTC+7) throughout the week except for the Mondays when the monument is closed.

Yogyakarta

JogjakartaDI YogyakartaJogja
After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.

Eiffel Tower

the Eiffel TowerTour Eiffela tower
After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.

Merdeka Palace

Presidential PalaceGambir PalaceGovernor General's Palace
After the Indonesian government returned to Jakarta from Yogyakarta in 1950 following the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence, President Sukarno began to contemplate the construction of a national monument comparable to the Eiffel Tower on the square in front of the Presidential Palace.

Yoni

yoniclingam-yoniyoni pitha
However, Sukarno did not like the design as he wanted the monument to be in the form of a linga and yoni.

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

Indonesian independenceIndonesia's independenceindependence
Soedarsono incorporated the numbers 17, 8 and 45, representing the 17 August 1945 Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, in the dimensions of the monument.

30 September Movement

attempted coupAn attempted coupcoup attempt
Work in the second stage, from 1966 to 1968, was delayed by shortages of funding and the aftermath of the 30 September Movement coup attempt.

Lingam

lingashivalingaShiva Linga
However, Sukarno did not like the design as he wanted the monument to be in the form of a linga and yoni.

Mortar and pestle

mortarpestlemortars
Lingga resembles an alu rice pestle and Yoni resembles a lesung rice mortar, two important traditional Indonesian tools.

Phallus

phallicithyphallicphallic symbol
Lingga and Yoni also symbolize harmony, balance, fertility and eternal life with the lingga phallic symbol, representing masculinity, positive elements, and daytime and the Yoni the female organs symbol, representing femininity, negative elements, and night.

Reproductive system

reproductive tractreproductivegenital system
Lingga and Yoni also symbolize harmony, balance, fertility and eternal life with the lingga phallic symbol, representing masculinity, positive elements, and daytime and the Yoni the female organs symbol, representing femininity, negative elements, and night.

Amorphophallus titanum

titan arumCorpse plant
It also resembles the bloom of the famous Amorphophallus titanum, native to Indonesia.

Rafflesia

Raff-Rafflesia
Indeed, fiberglass Amorphophallus and Rafflesia sculptures are installed around the monument.

Italy

🇮🇹ItalianITA
The obelisk itself is clad with Italian marble.