National Monument of Scotland

National MonumentScottish National Monument
The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.wikipedia
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Calton Hill

CaltonGreenside playfieldCalton Hill Park
The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.
Calton Hill is also the location of several iconic monuments and buildings: the National Monument, the Nelson Monument, the Dugald Stewart Monument, the old Royal High School, the Robert Burns Monument, the Political Martyrs' Monument and the City Observatory.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghCity of Edinburgh council area
The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.
Also a contributing factor was the later neoclassical architecture, particularly that of William Henry Playfair, and the National Monument.

William Henry Playfair

William PlayfairPlayfairW. H. Playfair
It was designed during 1823-6 by Charles Robert Cockerell and William Henry Playfair and is modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens.
1824 in collaboration with Charles Robert Cockerell, designed an exact replica of the Parthenon which was to be built on top of Calton Hill as the National Monument, Edinburgh. However, due to lack of investment it was never finished and became known as Edinburgh's Disgrace.

Charles Robert Cockerell

C. R. CockerellCharles CockerellC.R. Cockerell
It was designed during 1823-6 by Charles Robert Cockerell and William Henry Playfair and is modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens.
1824–29 – The National Monument, Edinburgh, with William Henry Playfair, unfinished.

Parthenon

the ParthenonParthenon of AthensTemple of Athena
It was designed during 1823-6 by Charles Robert Cockerell and William Henry Playfair and is modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens.
National Monument of Scotland, Edinburgh

Military history of Scotland

Scottish armydefence establishmentsproud military past
The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonicwar with FranceNapoleonic War
The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.

Princes Street

The monument dominates the top of Calton Hill, just to the east of Princes Street.

Athens

AthenianAtheniansAthens, Greece
It was designed during 1823-6 by Charles Robert Cockerell and William Henry Playfair and is modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens.

Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland

Highland SocietyHighland Society of EdinburghEdinburgh
As early as 1816, the Highland Society of Scotland called for the construction of a national monument to commemorate the fallen in the Napoleonic Wars.

The Mound

Earthen MoundEdinburgh's MoundThe Mound Precinct
Initially The Mound was considered as a site, but was rejected in favour of Calton Hill.

Henry Cockburn, Lord Cockburn

Henry CockburnLord CockburnHenry, Lord Cockburn
The appeal found support amongst many prominent Edinburgh residents such as Sir Walter Scott, Henry, Lord Cockburn and Francis, Lord Jeffrey.

Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

Francis JeffreyLord JeffreyFrancis, Lord Jeffrey
The appeal found support amongst many prominent Edinburgh residents such as Sir Walter Scott, Henry, Lord Cockburn and Francis, Lord Jeffrey.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
Sixteen months after the initial appeal, only £16,000 had been found with the possibility of a £10,000 grant from Parliament.

Catacombs

catacombcatacombecatacombes
Originally, the building was planned to have extensive catacombs in the area supporting the main structure, to provide a burial place for significant figures, intended as a "Scottish Valhalla".

Walhalla memorial

WalhallaValhallaWalhalla Ruhmes- und Ehrenhalle
Originally, the building was planned to have extensive catacombs in the area supporting the main structure, to provide a burial place for significant figures, intended as a "Scottish Valhalla".

Visit of King George IV to Scotland

visit to ScotlandKing George IV visited Scotlandvisit to Edinburgh
The foundation stone, which weighs 6 tons, was laid on 27 August 1822, during the visit of George IV to Scotland.

Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton

Alexander, 10th Duke of HamiltonDuke of Hamilton10th Duke of Hamilton
The Duke of Hamilton (the most senior non-royal Scottish noble and the Grand Master of Scotland) led a procession of masonic lodges, royal commissioners and other dignitaries from Parliament Square to the top of Calton Hill.

Peerage of Scotland

Scottish peerpeerScotland
The Duke of Hamilton (the most senior non-royal Scottish noble and the Grand Master of Scotland) led a procession of masonic lodges, royal commissioners and other dignitaries from Parliament Square to the top of Calton Hill.

List of Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland

Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of ScotlandGrand MasterGrand Master Mason
The Duke of Hamilton (the most senior non-royal Scottish noble and the Grand Master of Scotland) led a procession of masonic lodges, royal commissioners and other dignitaries from Parliament Square to the top of Calton Hill.

Masonic lodge

LodgelodgesMason
The Duke of Hamilton (the most senior non-royal Scottish noble and the Grand Master of Scotland) led a procession of masonic lodges, royal commissioners and other dignitaries from Parliament Square to the top of Calton Hill.

Parliament Square, Edinburgh

Parliament SquareParliament CloseParliament Square in Edinburgh
The Duke of Hamilton (the most senior non-royal Scottish noble and the Grand Master of Scotland) led a procession of masonic lodges, royal commissioners and other dignitaries from Parliament Square to the top of Calton Hill.

Royal Scots Greys

2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)2nd DragoonsScots Greys
The procession was escorted by the Scots Greys and the 3rd Dragoons.

3rd The King's Own Hussars

3rd Hussars3rd Dragoons3rd (King's Own) Hussars
The procession was escorted by the Scots Greys and the 3rd Dragoons.

Commemorative plaque

plaquehistorical markerplaques
The deposition of the inscription plates in the stone was accompanied by cannon salutes from Edinburgh Castle, Salisbury Crags, Leith Fort and the royal squadron on Leith Roads.