National Museum of Natural History, France

Muséum national d'histoire naturelleNational Museum of Natural HistoryMuseum National d'Histoire NaturelleMNHNFrench National Museum of Natural HistoryMuséum d'Histoire NaturelleMuseum d'Histoire NaturelleNational Museum of Natural History (France)Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis Museum of Natural History
The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN; ), is the natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of Sorbonne Universities.wikipedia
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Sorbonne University Association

SorbonneSorbonne University groupSorbonne University
The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN; ), is the natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of Sorbonne Universities.
Other members include the INSEAD, the University of Technology of Compiègne, the National Museum of Natural History, and research centers such as the French National Centre for Scientific Research, the French Institute of Health and Medical Research, the French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, and the French Institute of Research for the Development.

Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

É. GeoffroyGeoffroy Saint-HilaireGeoffroy
Some of its early professors included eminent comparative anatomist Georges Cuvier and evolutionary pioneers Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.
By a law passed in June 1793, Geoffroy was appointed one of the twelve professors of the newly constituted Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, being assigned the chair of zoology.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
The main museum is located in Paris, on the left bank of the Seine.
This was followed by the Louvre Museum (10.1 million visitors); Centre Pompidou (3.5 million visitors); Musée d'Orsay(3.3 million); The National Museum of Natural History, France (2.4 million visitors); The Chapel of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal (2 million visitors); the Arc de Triomphe (1.7 million visitors) and Sainte-Chapelle (1.3 million visitors).

Paul Gervais

GervaisFrançois Louis Paul GervaiseGervais, P.
In France, the Muñiz collection ended up in the National Museum of Natural History where they were studied by Paul Gervais.
Gervais was born in Paris, where he obtained the diplomas of doctor of science and of medicine, and in 1835 he began palaeontological research as assistant in the laboratory of comparative anatomy at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.

Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy

Galerie de paléontologie et d'anatomie comparéefossils and dinosaurs and comparative anatomyGalerie de paléontologie et d’anatomie comparée
The galleries open to the public are the Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology, the Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy, the Gallery of Botany, and the famous Gallery of Evolution (grande galerie de l'Évolution). The Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy and other parts of Jardin des Plantes was a source of inspiration for French graphic novelist Jacques Tardi.
The Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy (in French, galerie de Paléontologie et d'Anatomie comparée) is a part of the French National Museum of Natural History (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, MNHN).

Henri Becquerel

Antoine Henri BecquerelBecquerelAntoine Becquerel
For example, during the period that Henri Becquerel held the chair for Applied Physics at the Muséum (1892–1908) he discovered the radiation properties of uranium.
In Becquerel's early career, he became the third in his family to occupy the physics chair at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in 1892.

Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology

Galerie de Minéralogie et de Géologieminerals and gems
The galleries open to the public are the Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology, the Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy, the Gallery of Botany, and the famous Gallery of Evolution (grande galerie de l'Évolution).
The Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology (in French, galerie de Minéralogie et de Géologie) is a part of the French National Museum of Natural History (Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, MNHN).

Michel Eugène Chevreul

ChevreulEugène ChevreulEugene Chevreul
It continued to flourish during the 19th century, and, particularly under the direction of chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul, became a rival to the University of Paris in scientific research.
At around the age of seventeen Chevreul went to Paris and entered L.N. Vauquelin's chemical laboratory, afterwards becoming his assistant at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (National Museum of Natural History) in the Jardin des Plantes.

5th arrondissement of Paris

5th arrondissement5th5
The museum comprises fourteen sites throughout France with four in Paris, including the original location at the Jardin des Plantes in the 5th arrondissement (métro Place Monge).

Ménagerie du Jardin des plantes

Paris MenagerieMuséum'' s MenagerieMénagerie
The Muséum s Menagerie is also located in the Jardin des plantes.
Created in 1626 and opened for the public in 1635, it is the oldest part of the national research and educational institute for science, the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, which was founded in 1793.

Natural history museum

Museum of Natural HistoryNatural historynatural history museums
The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN; ), is the natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of Sorbonne Universities. In the 19th century Argentine naturalist Francisco Javier Muñiz developed a collection that he intended to be used to create a natural history museum.
The Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, established in Paris in 1635, was the first natural history museum to take the form that would be recognized as a natural history museum today.

Francisco Javier Muñiz

In the 19th century Argentine naturalist Francisco Javier Muñiz developed a collection that he intended to be used to create a natural history museum.
In France Muñiz collection ended up in the National Museum of Natural History where they were studied by Paul Gervais.

Paris Zoological Park

Paris ZooVincennes ZooParc zoologique de Vincennes
The Paris Zoological Park (parc zoologique de Paris), formerly known as the Bois de Vincennes Zoological Park, and commonly called the Vincennes Zoo, is a facility of the National Museum of Natural History, located in the 12th arrondissement of Paris, which covers an area of 14.5 ha in the bois de Vincennes.

List of Chairs of the National Museum of Natural History (France)

List of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelleList of Chairs of the ''Muséum national d'histoire naturelle
The list of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle includes major figures in the history of the Natural sciences.
The following is a list persons who have held the Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.

Pierre Allorge

Prof (A-)Pierre Allorge
The bryophyte collection contains 900,000 specimens collected by notable bryologists including Sébastien Vaillant, Jean-Baptiste Mougeot, Camille Montagne, Wilhelm Philippe Schimper, Émile Bescherelle, Irénée Thériot, and Pierre Allorge.
In 1933 he became chair of cryptogamy at the Muséum d'histoire naturelle.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

LamarckLam.Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck
Some of its early professors included eminent comparative anatomist Georges Cuvier and evolutionary pioneers Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Early chaired positions were held by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, René Desfontaines and Georges Cuvier, and later occupied by Paul Rivet, Léon Vaillant and others. The historical collections incorporated into the herbarium, each with its P prefix, include those of Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (P-LA) René Louiche Desfontaines (P-Desf.), Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Charles Plumier (P-TRF).
When the French National Assembly founded the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in 1793, Lamarck became a professor of zoology.

Herbarium

herbariahortus siccusHortorium
The current Gallery of Botany, erected in 1935, is intended to preserve the vast herbarium of the museum.

Jardin des plantes

Jardin du RoiJardin des Plantes de ParisBotanical Gardens
The Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy and other parts of Jardin des Plantes was a source of inspiration for French graphic novelist Jacques Tardi.
Headquarters of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (National Museum of Natural History), the Jardin des plantes is situated in the 5th arrondissement, Paris, on the left bank of the river Seine, and covers 28 hectares (280,000 m²).

Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet

Aubl.AubletJean Baptiste Aublet
In 1762 Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet was sent to Cayenne in French Guiana, where he assembled a vast herbarium which allowed him to prepare his Histoire des plantes de la Guiane françoise, published in 1775 and including almost 400 copperplate engravings.
It was eventually acquired by the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in 1953.

Irénée Thériot

The bryophyte collection contains 900,000 specimens collected by notable bryologists including Sébastien Vaillant, Jean-Baptiste Mougeot, Camille Montagne, Wilhelm Philippe Schimper, Émile Bescherelle, Irénée Thériot, and Pierre Allorge.
Thériot's personal herbarium collection is currently housed at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.

Louis Cordier

Pierre Louis Antoine Cordier
He was professor of geology at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris from 1819 to 1861, and was responsible for the development of the geological gallery in the museum.

Léon Vaillant

VaillantLeon VaillantLéon Louis Vaillant
Early chaired positions were held by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, René Desfontaines and Georges Cuvier, and later occupied by Paul Rivet, Léon Vaillant and others.
In 1875, he became a professor at the Museum of Natural History in Paris.

André Marie Constant Duméril

DumérilA.M.C. DumérilDuméril AMC
He was professor of anatomy at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle from 1801 to 1812, when he became professor of herpetology and ichthyology.

Joseph Pitton de Tournefort

TournefortTourn.Joseph de Tournefort
The historical collections incorporated into the herbarium, each with its P prefix, include those of Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (P-LA) René Louiche Desfontaines (P-Desf.), Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Charles Plumier (P-TRF).
Now part of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.

Bernard Germain de Lacépède

LacépèdeLacepèdeBernard Germain Étienne de la Ville, Comte de Lacépède
When the Jardin du Roi was reorganised as the Jardin des Plantes and as the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in 1793, Lacépède was appointed to the chair allocated to the study of reptiles and fishes.