National Revolutionary Army

Chinese Nationalist ArmyNationalist ArmyNRANationalist Chinese ArmyNationalistNationalist Revolutionary ArmyChinese ArmyKuomintang ArmyarmyChinese
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA; ), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army before 1928, and as National Army after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.wikipedia
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Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA; ), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army before 1928, and as National Army after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.
Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, the KMT formed the National Revolutionary Army and succeeded in its Northern Expedition to unify much of mainland China in 1928, ending the chaos of the Warlord Era.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
A large number of the Army's officers passed through the Whampoa Military Academy, and the first commandant, Chiang Kai-shek, became commander-in-chief of the Army in 1925 before launching the successful Northern Expedition.
Commander in chief of the National Revolutionary Army (from which he came to be known as Generalissimo), he led the Northern Expedition from 1926 to 1928, before defeating a coalition of warlords and nominally reunifying China under a new Nationalist government.

People's Liberation Army

PLAChinese People's Liberation ArmyChinese Army
Originally organized with Soviet aid as a means for the KMT to unify China during the Warlord Era, the National Revolutionary Army fought major engagements in the Northern Expedition against the Chinese Beiyang Army warlords, in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) against the Imperial Japanese Army and in the Chinese Civil War against the People's Liberation Army.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945, the Communist military forces were nominally integrated into the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China forming two main units known as the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army.

Chen Cheng

Other prominent commanders included Du Yuming and Chen Cheng.
Chen Cheng (January 4, 1897 – March 5, 1965) was a Chinese political and military leader, and one of the main National Revolutionary Army commanders during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.

Republic of China Army

ArmyROC ArmyTaiwanese army
With the promulgation of the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1947 and the formal end of the KMT party-state, the National Revolutionary Army was renamed the Republic of China Armed Forces, with the bulk of its forces forming the Republic of China Army, which retreated to the island of Taiwan in 1949.
The Republic of China Army originated from Chinese National Revolutionary Army, which was founded by Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang (KMT) in 1924, when the Whampoa Military Academy was established with Soviet military assistance.

Dang Guo

Kuomintang single-party systemKuomintang's one-party ruleone-party state
It also became the regular army of the ROC during the KMT's period of party rule beginning in 1928.
Since 1924, after Sun Yat-sen decided to copy the Soviet Union's political system, Chiang Kai-shek used the Kuomintang to control and operate the National Government of the Republic of China (ROC) and the National Revolutionary Army.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
Originally organized with Soviet aid as a means for the KMT to unify China during the Warlord Era, the National Revolutionary Army fought major engagements in the Northern Expedition against the Chinese Beiyang Army warlords, in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) against the Imperial Japanese Army and in the Chinese Civil War against the People's Liberation Army.
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA) formed by the KMT swept through southern and central China until it was checked in Shandong, where confrontations with the Japanese garrison escalated into armed conflict.

Sino-German cooperation (1926–1941)

Sino-German cooperationSino-German cooperation (1911–1941)Sino-German cooperation until 1941
When Adolf Hitler became Germany's chancellor in 1933 and disavowed the Treaty, the anti-communist Nazi Party and the anti-communist KMT were soon engaged in close cooperation.
Cooperation between China and Germany was instrumental in modernizing the industry and the armed forces of the Republic of China between 1926 and 1941.

First United Front

United Frontalliance between the two partiesCCP-KMT United Front
In 1927, after the dissolution of the First United Front between the Nationalists and the Communists, the ruling KMT purged its leftist members and largely eliminated Soviet influence from its ranks.
Together they formed the National Revolutionary Army and set out in 1926 on the Northern Expedition.

36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

36th Division36th36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army
These were the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 14th, 36th, 87th, 88th, and the Training Division.
The 36th Division was a cavalry division in the National Revolutionary Army.

Northern Expedition

North ExpeditionChinese RevolutionNorthern Expedition (1926–1927)
Originally organized with Soviet aid as a means for the KMT to unify China during the Warlord Era, the National Revolutionary Army fought major engagements in the Northern Expedition against the Chinese Beiyang Army warlords, in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) against the Imperial Japanese Army and in the Chinese Civil War against the People's Liberation Army.
The Northern Expedition was a military campaign launched by the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Kuomintang (KMT), also known as the "Chinese Nationalist Party", against the Beiyang government and other regional warlords in 1926.

88th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

88th Division88th5th Corps
These were the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 14th, 36th, 87th, 88th, and the Training Division.
The 88th Division was a German-trained and reorganized division in the National Revolutionary Army.

New Fourth Army

Fourth ArmyNew Fourth Armies
For a time, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Communist forces fought as a nominal part of the National Revolutionary Army, forming the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army units, but this co-operation later fell apart.
The New Fourth Army was a unit of the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China established in 1937.

Eighth Route Army

8th Route Army18th Army GroupEighth Army
For a time, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Communist forces fought as a nominal part of the National Revolutionary Army, forming the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army units, but this co-operation later fell apart.
The Eighth Route Army, officially known as the 18th Group Army of the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China, was a group army under the command of the Chinese Communist Party, nominally within the structure of the Chinese military headed by the Chinese Nationalist Party during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

87th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

87th Division87th
These were the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 14th, 36th, 87th, 88th, and the Training Division.
The 87th Division was a German-trained and reorganized division in the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army, which was active during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Chinese Expeditionary Force

Chinese Expeditionary Force (Burma)Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma1st Route Expeditionary Forces, Burma
Troops in India and Burma during World War II included the Chinese Expeditionary Force (Burma), the Chinese Army in India and Y Force.
The Chinese Expeditionary Force was an expeditionary unit of the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army that was dispatched to Burma and India in support of the Allied efforts against the Imperial Japanese Army during the Japanese invasion and occupation of Burma in the South-East Asian theatre of the Second World War.

Republic of China Military Academy

Whampoa Military AcademyWhampoa AcademyHuangpu Military Academy
A large number of the Army's officers passed through the Whampoa Military Academy, and the first commandant, Chiang Kai-shek, became commander-in-chief of the Army in 1925 before launching the successful Northern Expedition.
The first two groups of students prepared by the Academy became the core for the formation of the first two National Revolutionary Army regiments (V.A. Stepanov was an advisor provided by the Soviet Union to help in this matter).

Battle of Shanghai

ShanghaiJapanese invasion of ShanghaiSecond Battle of Shanghai
After these battalions were mostly destroyed in the Battle of Shanghai and Battle of Nanjing.
The Battle of Shanghai was the first of the twenty-two major engagements fought between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan at the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Battle of Nanking

Battle of NanjingNanjingNanking
After these battalions were mostly destroyed in the Battle of Shanghai and Battle of Nanjing.
The Battle of Nanking (or Nanjing) was fought in early December 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army for control of Nanking (Nanjing), the capital of the Republic of China.

Y Force

Chinese Combat CommandY-Forces
Troops in India and Burma during World War II included the Chinese Expeditionary Force (Burma), the Chinese Army in India and Y Force.
Y Force was the South East Asia Command designation given to Chinese National Revolutionary Army forces that re-entered Burma from Yunnan in 1944 as one of the Allies fighting in Burma Campaign of World War II.

200th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

200th Division200th Chinese Division200th Infantry Division
The newly provided tanks, armoured cars, and trucks from the Soviet Union and Italy made it possible to create the only mechanized division in the army, the 200th Division.
The 200th Division was the first mechanised division in the National Revolutionary Army.

Battle of South Guangxi

Guangxicampaign in GuangxiSouth Guangxi Operation
This Corps fought battles in Guangxi in 1939–1940 and in the Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road in 1942 reducing the armoured units due to losses and mechanical breakdown of the vehicles.
The Battle of South Guangxi (undefined) was one of the 22 major engagements between the National Revolutionary Army and Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

List of military regions of the National Revolutionary Army

Military Region5th War AreaWar Area
The military regions (戰區 Zhànqū, also called war areas) of the National Revolutionary Army were 76 northern military districts and the largest formations of the National Revolutionary Army, under the Military Affairs Commission, chaired by Chiang Kai-shek during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

Army groups of China

group armiesGroup Army69th Army Corps
By the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the National Revolutionary Army had organized 40 army groups.

Battle of Wuhan

Wuhandefense of WuhanWuhan theatre
More than one million National Revolutionary Army troops from the Fifth and Ninth War Zone were put under the direct command of Chiang Kai-shek, defending Wuhan from the Central China Area Army of the Imperial Japanese Army led by Shunroku Hata.