National Science Foundation

NSFNational Science Foundation (NSF)U.S. National Science FoundationUS National Science FoundationUnited States National Science FoundationThe National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation Act National Science Foundation (NSF)National Science BoardNational Science Foundation Grant
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.wikipedia
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National Science Board

Member of the National Science BoardNSBScience and Engineering Indicators: 2010
The NSF's director and deputy director are appointed by the President of the United States, and confirmed by the United States Senate, whereas the 24 presidentially appointed members of the National Science Board (NSB) do not require Senate confirmation.
The National Science Board (NSB) of the United States establishes the policies of the National Science Foundation (NSF) within the framework of applicable national policies set forth by the President and the Congress.

France A. Córdova

France CórdovaFrance CordovaFrances Anne Cordova
The current NSF director, confirmed in March 2014, is astronomer France A. Córdova, former president of Purdue University.
France Anne-Dominic Córdova (born August 5, 1947) is an American astrophysicist and administrator, who is the fourteenth director of the National Science Foundation.

Return on investment

ROIreturnreturns
Recently, the organization has been focusing on obtaining high return on investment from their spending on scientific research.
Recently, the concept has also been applied to scientific funding agencies’ (e.g., National Science Foundation) investments in research of open source hardware and subsequent returns for direct digital replication.

Vannevar Bush

Bush, VannevarBushV. Bush
Most commonly, this debate is characterized by the conflict between New Deal Senator Harley M. Kilgore and OSRD head Vannevar Bush.
He emphasized the importance of scientific research to national security and economic well-being, and was chiefly responsible for the movement that led to the creation of the National Science Foundation.

Purdue University

PurduePurdue University, West LafayetteP'''urdue
The current NSF director, confirmed in March 2014, is astronomer France A. Córdova, former president of Purdue University.
Purdue University generated a record $438 million in sponsored research funding during the 2009–10 fiscal year with participation from National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. departments of Agriculture, Defense, Energy, and Health and Human Services.

National Radio Astronomy Observatory

NRAOSocorroJansky Lectureship
The idea expanded to encompass the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, the National Solar Observatory, the Gemini Observatory and the Arecibo Observatory, all of which are funded in whole or in part by NSF.
The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) is a Federally Funded Research and Development Center of the United States National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc for the purpose of radio astronomy.

Arecibo Observatory

AreciboArecibo radio telescopeNational Astronomy and Ionosphere Center
The idea expanded to encompass the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, the National Solar Observatory, the Gemini Observatory and the Arecibo Observatory, all of which are funded in whole or in part by NSF.
As of 2018, the observatory is operated by University of Central Florida, Yang Enterprises and UMET, under cooperative agreement with the US National Science Foundation (NSF).

Gemini Observatory

GeminiGemini NorthGemini South
The idea expanded to encompass the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, the National Solar Observatory, the Gemini Observatory and the Arecibo Observatory, all of which are funded in whole or in part by NSF.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) of the United States, the National Research Council of Canada, CONICYT of Chile, MCTI of Brazil, and MCTIP of Argentina own and operate the Gemini Observatory.

National Optical Astronomy Observatory

NOAONational Optical Astronomy ObservatoriesNational (U.S.) Optical Astronomy Observatory
The idea expanded to encompass the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, the National Solar Observatory, the Gemini Observatory and the Arecibo Observatory, all of which are funded in whole or in part by NSF.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) funds NOAO to provide forefront astronomical research facilities for US astronomers.

Independent agencies of the United States government

independent agencyindependent agency of the United States governmentindependent agencies
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.

National Science Foundation Network

NSFNETNSFsituation was confused
The Internet project continued, now known as NSFNET.
The National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was a program of coordinated, evolving projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) from 1985 to 1995 to promote advanced research and education networking in the United States.

Golden Fleece Award

Golden Fleece Awards
Economist Robert A. Moffit suggests a connection between this proposal and Democratic Senator William Proxmire's Golden Fleece Award series criticizing "frivolous" government spending—Proxmire's first Golden Fleece had been awarded to the NSF in 1975, for granting $84,000 to a social science project investigating why people fall in love.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) won the first Golden Fleece Award for spending $84,000 on a study on love.

Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers

Materials Research Science and Engineering CenterMRSEC
The NSF expanded these laboratories into a nationwide network of Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers.
Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSECs) are university based research centers supported by the MRSEC Program of the Division of Materials Research at the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Harley M. Kilgore

Harley KilgoreHarley Martin Kilgore
Most commonly, this debate is characterized by the conflict between New Deal Senator Harley M. Kilgore and OSRD head Vannevar Bush. These concerns, in part, led to efforts like Senator Harley M. Kilgore's "Science Mobilization Act" (see below).
He also helped establish the National Science Foundation in 1950.

Antarctica

AntarcticAntarctic continentReference Elevation Model of Antarctica
In 1959 the U.S. and other nations concluded the Antarctic Treaty reserving Antarctica for peaceful and scientific research, and a presidential directive gave the NSF responsibility for virtually all U.S. Antarctic operations and research in form of the United States Antarctic Program.
According to various organisations (the National Science Foundation, NASA, the University of California, San Diego, the Russian State Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic, among others), ships captained by three men sighted Antarctica or its ice shelf in 1820: Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (a captain in the Imperial Russian Navy), Edward Bransfield (a captain in the Royal Navy), and Nathaniel Palmer (a sealer from Stonington, Connecticut).

National Center for Supercomputing Applications

NCSANational Center for Supercomputer Applications
In 1993 students and staff at the NSF-supported National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, developed Mosaic, the first freely available browser to allow World Wide Web pages that include both graphics and text.
Support for NCSA comes from the National Science Foundation,

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics

NCTM National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)National CoNCTM Standards
NSF funded the development of several curricula based on the NCTM standards, devised by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
Education officials lauded these math standards, and the National Science Foundation funded several projects to develop curricula consistent with recommendations of the standards.

Deep Sea Drilling Project

Deep Sea Drilling ProgramDSDPDeep Sea Drilling
In 1968 the Deep Sea Drilling Project began (until 1983), which revealed evidence about the concepts of continental drift, sea floor spreading and the general youthfulness of the ocean basins compared to Earth.
The initial contract between the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Regents of the University of California was signed on June 24, 1966.

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects AgencyAdvanced Research Projects AgencyARPA
In 1972 the NSF took over management of twelve interdisciplinary materials research laboratories from the Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Some contend that the amendment devastated American science, since ARPA/DARPA was a major funding source for basic science projects of the time; the National Science Foundation never made up the difference as expected.

United States Antarctic Program

United States Antarctic Research ProgramUnited States Antarctic ServiceU.S. Antarctic Service
In 1959 the U.S. and other nations concluded the Antarctic Treaty reserving Antarctica for peaceful and scientific research, and a presidential directive gave the NSF responsibility for virtually all U.S. Antarctic operations and research in form of the United States Antarctic Program.
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has a Presidential Mandate to manage the United States Antarctic Program, through which it operates three year-round research stations and two research vessels, coordinates all U.S. science on the southernmost Continent, and works with other federal agencies, the U.S. military and civilian contractors to provide the necessary logistical support for the science.

Principles and Standards for School Mathematics

NCTM standardsStandardsCurriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics: A Quest for Coherence
NSF funded the development of several curricula based on the NCTM standards, devised by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
The contents were based on surveys of existing curriculum materials, curricula and policies from many countries, educational research publications, and government agencies such as the U.S. National Science Foundation.

Alan Tower Waterman

Alan T. WatermanAlan WatermanAllan T. Waterman
In 1951 Truman nominated Alan T. Waterman, chief scientist at the Office of Naval Research, to become the first Director.
In 1950, he was appointed by President Truman as first director of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF).

Alexandria, Virginia

AlexandriaAlexandria, VAAlexandria City
It employs about 2,100 people in permanent, temporary and contractual positions at its headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia.
In 2005, the United States Patent and Trademark Office moved to Alexandria, and in 2017, so did the headquarters of the National Science Foundation.

Engineering

engineerengineersengineered
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
At the University of South Florida, an engineering professor, through a grant with the National Science Foundation, has developed a course that connects art and engineering.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
Vannevar Bush, director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development for the United States government, the forerunner of the National Science Foundation, wrote in July 1945 that "Science is a proper concern of government."