National Security Service (Somalia)

National Security ServiceNSSNational Security AgencySomali National Security Service (NSS)Somali National Security Services
The National Security Service (NSS) (Hay'ada Nabadsugida Qaranka, HNQ) was the primary intelligence agency of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1970 to 1990.wikipedia
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Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
The NSS was formed as under government of Siad Barre in 1970, modelled after the KGB of the Soviet Union, and was formally dissolved in 1990 shortly before Barre's overthrow.
Opposition grew in the 1980s due to his increasingly dictatorial rule, growth of tribal politics, abuses of the National Security Service including the Isaaq genocide, and the sharp decline of Somalia's economy.

National Intelligence and Security Agency

Somali intelligenceNISAspecial forces
In 2013, the Federal Government of Somalia re-established the NSS as the national intelligence service, renaming it the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA).
NISA was officially reestablished in January 2013 by the new Somali Federal Government in place of the defunct National Security Service (NSS).

Abdiqasim Salad

Abdiqasim Salad HassanAbdiqassim Salad HassanAbdikassim Salat Hassan
The NSS was subordinate to the Interior Ministry, and (in the closing years of the Barré regime) was headed by Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (who would later be a one-time President of Somalia under the Transitional National Government.) Conceived in the Soviet model and organized with the help of the KGB, the NSS was an elite organization whose key officers maintained close links to Barré's Supreme Revolutionary Council.
As such, Hassan was responsible for all internal security agencies including the National Security Service (NSS), the Investigative Department of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party, the police, and the Deputy Prime Ministership.

Isaaq genocide

destroyed much of the cityGenocide of Isaaqs
The NSS has been accused of secret police activities against Barre's opponents and also accused of participating in the Isaaq genocide.
Detainees were taken to a number of locations including Birjeeh (a former military headquarters of the 26th sector of the Somali Armed Forces), Malka-Durduro (a military compound), the Central Prison of Hargeisa, the headquarters of NSS (National Security Service), the headquarters of the Military Police as well as other secret detention centres.

Ali Mohammed Ghedi

Ali Mohamed GhediAli Mohamed GediAli Muhammad Ghedi
Gedi's father was an officer in the military and in 1978 joined the Somali National Security Service (NSS) under the reign of Siad Barre at the rank of Colonel.

Dahir Riyale Kahin

Dahir Rayale KahinRiyaleDahir Riyale
He previously served as a senior officer in the National Security Service of Somalia, and he was Vice President of Somaliland from 1997 to 2002.

Hangash

These include the President's own bodyguards, the Red Berets (Duub Cas); the Dhabar Jabinta (or "Backbreakers") a branch of the military police; the Hangash, another branch of the military police; the Guulwadayal (or "Victory Pioneers"), a uniformed paramilitary group; and the investigative wing of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (SRSP).
Created in the aftermath of the 1978 coup attempt, the official purpose of the Hangash was to maintain surveillance over the Somali Armed Forces and the more widely known National Security Service (NSS).

Victory Pioneers

Guulwadayal
These include the President's own bodyguards, the Red Berets (Duub Cas); the Dhabar Jabinta (or "Backbreakers") a branch of the military police; the Hangash, another branch of the military police; the Guulwadayal (or "Victory Pioneers"), a uniformed paramilitary group; and the investigative wing of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (SRSP).
After the more widely known NSS was formally dissolved in 1990 as a palliative measure, its functions were taken over by other units within Barré's internal security apparatus, such as the Hangash (a military intelligence unit), the Victory Pioneers, and others.

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

Ismail Omar GuellehGuellehPresident
He received training from the Somali National Security Service and then from the French Secret Service, and was intended to become his uncle's successor.

Hasan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud

Hassan Mohamed Nuur "ShatigududHassan Mohamed Nur "ShatigadudHassan Mohamed Nur "Shatigudud
Shatigadud ("Red Shirt") served as a colonel in the National Security Service (NSS).

Intelligence agency

intelligence agenciesintelligence serviceintelligence
The National Security Service (NSS) (Hay'ada Nabadsugida Qaranka, HNQ) was the primary intelligence agency of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1970 to 1990.

Somali Democratic Republic

SomaliaDemocratic Republic of SomaliaCommunist Somalia
The National Security Service (NSS) (Hay'ada Nabadsugida Qaranka, HNQ) was the primary intelligence agency of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1970 to 1990.

KGB

Committee for State SecuritySoviet spyK.G.B.
The NSS was formed as under government of Siad Barre in 1970, modelled after the KGB of the Soviet Union, and was formally dissolved in 1990 shortly before Barre's overthrow. The NSS was subordinate to the Interior Ministry, and (in the closing years of the Barré regime) was headed by Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (who would later be a one-time President of Somalia under the Transitional National Government.) Conceived in the Soviet model and organized with the help of the KGB, the NSS was an elite organization whose key officers maintained close links to Barré's Supreme Revolutionary Council.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The NSS was formed as under government of Siad Barre in 1970, modelled after the KGB of the Soviet Union, and was formally dissolved in 1990 shortly before Barre's overthrow.

Somali Rebellion

Somali Revolutioncollapseoverthrow
The NSS was formed as under government of Siad Barre in 1970, modelled after the KGB of the Soviet Union, and was formally dissolved in 1990 shortly before Barre's overthrow.

Federal Government of Somalia

Federal GovernmentSomali governmentGovernment of Somalia
In 2013, the Federal Government of Somalia re-established the NSS as the national intelligence service, renaming it the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA).

Secret police

political policeinternal intelligence organizationsAl-Amen
The NSS has been accused of secret police activities against Barre's opponents and also accused of participating in the Isaaq genocide.

Transitional national government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional National GovernmentSomaliaTransitional National Charter
The NSS was subordinate to the Interior Ministry, and (in the closing years of the Barré regime) was headed by Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (who would later be a one-time President of Somalia under the Transitional National Government.) Conceived in the Soviet model and organized with the help of the KGB, the NSS was an elite organization whose key officers maintained close links to Barré's Supreme Revolutionary Council.

Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
The NSS was subordinate to the Interior Ministry, and (in the closing years of the Barré regime) was headed by Abdiqasim Salad Hassan (who would later be a one-time President of Somalia under the Transitional National Government.) Conceived in the Soviet model and organized with the help of the KGB, the NSS was an elite organization whose key officers maintained close links to Barré's Supreme Revolutionary Council.

Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Secretary-general of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist PartySRSPSomalia
These include the President's own bodyguards, the Red Berets (Duub Cas); the Dhabar Jabinta (or "Backbreakers") a branch of the military police; the Hangash, another branch of the military police; the Guulwadayal (or "Victory Pioneers"), a uniformed paramilitary group; and the investigative wing of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (SRSP).