National monument (United States)

National MonumentU.S. National Monumentnational monumentsUnited States National Monumentnational monument of the United StatesMarine National MonumentmonumentMonumentsAmerican national monumentsNational Historic Monument
In the United States, a national monument is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.wikipedia
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List of national parks of the United States

national parksnational parkList of U.S. national parks
In the United States, a national monument is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.
Many current national parks had been previously protected as national monuments by the president under the Antiquities Act before being upgraded by Congress.

National Park Service

U.S. National Park ServiceNational Park SystemUnited States National Park Service
National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (in the case of marine national monuments).
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.

Bureau of Land Management

BLMU.S. Bureau of Land ManagementUnited States Bureau of Land Management
National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (in the case of marine national monuments).
The agency manages 221 wilderness areas, 27 national monuments and some 636 other protected areas as part of the National Conservation Lands (formerly known as the National Landscape Conservation System), totaling about 36 e6acre.

Antiquities Act

Antiquities Act of 1906American Antiquities Actpresidential proclamation
National monuments can be so designated through the power of the Antiquities Act of 1906.
This law gives the President of the United States the authority to, by presidential proclamation, create national monuments from federal lands to protect significant natural, cultural, or scientific features.

Devils Tower

Devils Tower National MonumentDevil's TowerDevils Tower, Wyoming
President Theodore Roosevelt used the act to declare Devils Tower in Wyoming as the first U.S. national monument.
Devils Tower was the first United States National Monument, established on September 24, 1906, by President Theodore Roosevelt.

Presidential proclamation (United States)

presidential proclamationproclamationpresidential proclamations
In the United States, a national monument is a protected area that is similar to a national park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.
Other more recent policy-based proclamations have also made a substantial impact on economic and domestic policy, including Bill Clinton's declaration of federal lands for national monuments and George W. Bush's declaration of the areas affected by Hurricane Katrina as disaster areas.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceFish and Wildlife ServiceUS Fish and Wildlife Service
National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (in the case of marine national monuments).
The FWS governs six US National Monuments:

Petrified Forest National Park

Petrified ForestPetrified Forest National MonumentPetrified Forest National Park, Arizona
Among the next three monuments he proclaimed in 1906 was Petrified Forest in Arizona, another natural feature. Petrified Forest, Grand Canyon, and Great Sand Dunes were also originally proclaimed as national monuments and later designated as national parks by Congress.
The site, the northern part of which extends into the Painted Desert, was declared a national monument in 1906 and a national park in 1962.

Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve

Great Sand Dunes National ParkGreat Sand DunesGreat Sand Dunes National Preserve
Petrified Forest, Grand Canyon, and Great Sand Dunes were also originally proclaimed as national monuments and later designated as national parks by Congress.
The park was originally designated Great Sand Dunes National Monument on March 17, 1932 by President Herbert Hoover.

Katmai National Park and Preserve

Katmai National ParkKatmaiKatmai National Monument
In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Katmai National Monument in Alaska, comprising more than 1000000 acre.
The area was first designated a national monument in 1918 to protect the area around the major 1912 volcanic eruption of Novarupta, which formed the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, a 40 sqmi, 100 to 700 ft pyroclastic flow.

United States Forest Service

U.S. Forest ServiceForest ServiceUSDA Forest Service
National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (in the case of marine national monuments).
Since 1978, several Presidents have directed the USFS to administer National Monuments inside of preexisting National Forests.

Theodore Roosevelt

Teddy RooseveltPresident Theodore RooseveltRoosevelt
President Theodore Roosevelt used the act to declare Devils Tower in Wyoming as the first U.S. national monument.
Nonetheless, Roosevelt established the United States Forest Service, signed into law the creation of five National Parks, and signed the 1906 Antiquities Act, under which he proclaimed 18 new U.S. National Monuments.

Grand Canyon

The Grand CanyonGrand Canyon, ArizonaSouth Rim
In 1908, Roosevelt used the act to proclaim more than 800000 acre of the Grand Canyon as a national monument.
Once the act was passed, Roosevelt immediately added adjacent national forest lands and redesignated the preserve a U.S. National Monument on January 11, 1908.

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument

Grand Staircase-EscalanteBig Water Visitor CenterGrand Escalante Staircase
The proclamation authority was not used again anywhere until 1996, when President Bill Clinton proclaimed the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in Utah.
The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (GSENM) is a United States national monument that originally designated 1,880,461 acre of protected land in southern Utah in 1996.

National Conservation Lands

National Landscape Conservation System
Most of the 16 national monuments created by President Clinton are managed not by the National Park Service, but by the Bureau of Land Management as part of the National Landscape Conservation System.

Dinosaur National Monument

DinosaurDINOHistory of the Dinosaur National Monument
For example, Franklin D. Roosevelt significantly enlarged Dinosaur National Monument in 1938.
Dinosaur National Monument is a United States National Monument located on the southeast flank of the Uinta Mountains on the border between Colorado and Utah at the confluence of the Green and Yampa Rivers.

Grand Teton National Park

Grand TetonJackson Hole National MonumentTeton National Park
He did this to accept a donation of lands acquired by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., for addition to Grand Teton National Park after Congress had declined to authorize this park expansion.
Secretary Ickes recommended to President Franklin Roosevelt that the Antiquities Act, which permitted Presidents to set aside land for protection without the approval of Congress, be used to establish a national monument in Jackson Hole.

Ellis Island

Fort GibsonEllisEllis Island Immigration Museum
Lyndon B. Johnson added Ellis Island to Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and Jimmy Carter made major additions to Glacier Bay and Katmai National Monuments in 1978.
Today, the island is part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument, a U.S. national monument.

Statue of Liberty National Monument

Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty IslandEllis Island and Liberty IslandEllis Island-Liberty Island ferry
Lyndon B. Johnson added Ellis Island to Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and Jimmy Carter made major additions to Glacier Bay and Katmai National Monuments in 1978.
The Statue of Liberty National Monument is a United States National Monument comprising Liberty Island and Ellis Island in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York.

Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve

Glacier Bay National ParkGlacier BayGlacier Bay Wilderness
Lyndon B. Johnson added Ellis Island to Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and Jimmy Carter made major additions to Glacier Bay and Katmai National Monuments in 1978.
President Calvin Coolidge proclaimed the area around Glacier Bay a national monument under the Antiquities Act on February 25, 1925.

Utah

UTState of UtahUtah, U.S.
The proclamation authority was not used again anywhere until 1996, when President Bill Clinton proclaimed the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in Utah.
Over 70 percent of the land is either BLM land, Utah State Trustland, or U.S. National Forest, U.S. National Park, U.S. National Monument, National Recreation Area or U.S. Wilderness Area.

Stonewall National Monument

Christopher ParkChristopher Street ParkNational Monument
On June 24, 2016, President Barack Obama designated the Stonewall Inn and surrounding areas in Greenwich Village, New York as the Stonewall National Monument, the first national monument commemorating the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.
Stonewall National Monument is a 7.7 acre U.S. National Monument in the West Village neighborhood of Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

List of areas in the United States National Park System

areas listed in the National Park systemnational parksNational Park System
The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

List of proposed national monuments of the United States

proposedRange of Light
The President of the United States can establish a national monument by presidential proclamation, and the United States Congress can by legislation.

Protected areas of the United States

federally protected areasprotected areaprotected areas
The National Park Service, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Bureau of Land Management operate areas called national monuments.